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Patients with primary peritoneal cancer or secondary peritoneal cancers from stomach, colorectal, appendiceal, and gynecological primary origin will be screened by pathology and staging to see if they are eligible to undergo cytoreductive surgery combined with hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC). To be eligible for the study, patients must be over 18 years of age, have appropriate pathology and stage with disease confined to the peritoneal cavity, have a good performance status, have laboratory values that fall within safe ranges to undergo an operation and receive intraperitoneal chemotherapy. The chemotherapeutic agent and dose will be assigned based on pathological diagnosis in accordance with current standard of care. Surgery will be performed with the goal of removing all visible tumor that may require removal of adjacent organs. Once only microscopic disease is present, the chemotherapy will be delivered directly into the peritoneum via intraperitoneal hyperthermia and perfusion device. This will continue for 90 minutes. Patients will be followed for tumor response, survival, toxicity, complications, quality of life, and tumor markers. They will have regular follow up visits with the surgeon, undergo routine surveillance imagings, and receive follow up phone calls periodically.
This project aims to evaluate whether rapid first contact with the oncologist the same day or the next day after pathologic diagnosis contributes to a decreased time to treatment, decreased patient anxiety and increased patient satisfaction.
18F Fluciclovine is a recently FDA- approved radiopharmaceutical for prostate cancer biochemical recurrence, which is only minimally eliminated by the kidneys and therefore the image interpretation is not affected by nonspecific urine activity in the ureters and bladder, which is advantageous for pelvic imaging. Recent literature suggests that Fluciclovine PET has diagnostic potential for a variety of solid tumors, thus, allowing new opportunities for noninvasive probing of glutamine metabolism and clinical use in patient management. Current literature indicates that amino acid transporters including that of glutamine are upregulated in endometrial and cervical cancer so that Fluciclovine PET may have clinical potentials. The hypothesis is that Fluciclovine PET provides better imaging properties and greater diagnostic confidence and accuracy than FDG PET does in pelvic malignancies. Given the lack of current clinical data, a pilot study providing a direct comparison of Fluciclovine PET with FDG PET is warranted. The investigators seek to conduct a pilot study with 10 subjects to evaluate the clinical utility of Fluciclovine PET for staging of cervical cancer and endometrial cancer. This research will compare the diagnostic performance of the research Fluciclovine PET/MRI with the standard-of-care FDG PET/CT as an exploratory endpoint.
A Phase 2 Study Evaluating the Efficacy and Safety of DKN-01 as a Monotherapy or in Combination with Paclitaxel in Patients With Recurrent Epithelial Endometrial or Epithelial Ovarian Cancer
This is an open-label treatment program following basic prescribing information for patients with recurrent UPSC (Uterine Papillary Serous Carcinoma) to provide access to everolimus and limited treatment alternatives.
The purpose of this study is to test the safety of nivolumab and find out what affects, if any, nivolumab has on people and their risk of uterine cancer. The investigators also want to find out what effects, good or bad, nivolumab has on the patient and their cancer.
This is a Phase II study in patients with advanced and/refractory cervical cancer, endometrial carcinoma or uterine sarcoma. Patients will be treated with an immunomodulatory cocktail (Vitamin D, aspirin, Cyclophosphamide and Lansoprazole), followed by pembrolizumab, combined with radiation. In addition, patients will take Curcumin, a food supplement.
This is a crossover study of Vigil, Atezolizumab and their combination in patients who have tumor harvested at surgery and successful manufacturing of Vigil but are ineligible for CL-PTL-119 (the VITAL study) or previously randomized to placebo.
The use of fluorescence for real-time evaluation of organ and tissue vascularization and lymph node anatomy is a recent technology with potential for the surgical treatment of cancer. The real-time analysis of tissue vascularization allows immediate identification to the surgeon of areas with greater or lesser blood circulation, favoring surgical decision making and prevention of complications related to tissue ischemia (necrosis, dehiscences and infections). It is a technology with potential application in the areas of Digestive Surgery, Repairing Plastic Surgery in Oncology, Head and Neck Surgery. In addition, fluorescence can be used as a method to identify lymph node structures of interest in the oncological treatment of patients with urologic, gynecological and digestive tumors. Introduced by Pestana et al. In the late 2000s, the perfusion mapping system through intraoperative indocyanine assisted laser angiography (SPY Elite System © LifeCell Corp., Branchburg, N.J.) had its initial application in repairing surgery after breast cancer treatment. The method proved to be useful in the prevention of ischemic and infectious complications in cancer surgery. Pestana, in a prospective clinical series of 29 microsurgical flaps used in several reconstructions, observed a single case of partial loss of the flap, the present technology having a relevant role in intraoperative decision making. In the same year, Newman et al. The first application of the system in breast reconstruction surgery. In an initial series of 10 consecutive cases of reconstruction with microsurgical flaps, in 4 cases the system allowed the intraoperative identification of areas of low perfusion, thus changing the surgical procedure. According to the authors, there was a 95% correlation between indocyanine laser assisted and subsequent development of mastectomy skin necrosis, with sensitivity of 100% and specificity of 91%. Similarly, Murray et al. Evaluated the intraoperative perfusion, however, of the areola-papillary complex in patients submitted to subcutaneous mastectomies with satisfactory results in terms of predictability of cutaneous circulation. Other authors in larger clinical series and evaluating other procedures have observed valid results in terms of prevention of complications. Vascular perfusion of anastomoses and fistulas following bowel surgery for cancer remain a serious and common complication. These fistulas can be caused by insufficient perfusion of the intestinal anastomosis. Intraoperative angiography with indocyanine assisted laser can be used to visualize the blood perfusion following intravenous injection of the indocyanine green contrast. Several groups reported the ability to assess blood perfusion of the anastomotic area after bowel surgery. Although they studied retrospectively, Kudszus and colleagues described a reduction in the risk of revision due to fistula in 60% of patients whose anastomosis was examined using laser fluorescence angiography compared to historically paired patients without this method. The same principle can be used to evaluate the tubulized stomach to be transposed to the cervical region after subtotal esophagectomy. Currently, fluorescence-guided sentinel lymph node mapping has been studied in breast cancer as well as investigative character in colorectal cancer, skin cancer, cervical cancer, vulvar cancer, head and neck, lung cancer, penile cancer, cancer Endometrial cancer, gastric cancer and esophageal cancer. These early studies demonstrated the feasibility of this methodology during surgery. Comparison of laser fluorescence images on blue dyes indicate that fluorescence images can replace blue dyes because they exceed them due to increased tissue penetration depth and absence of staining in the patient and cleaning of the operative field. To date, there are no clinical studies involving intraoperative perfusion mapping and identification of lymph node structures with the SPY Elite System © system or other platforms (Pinpoint or Firefly) in Brazil that evaluate the Brazilian population. In an objective way the influence of this technology as predictive in the better or worse evolution of the oncologic surgery as well as in the prevention of the local ischemic complications by means of intraopeal change of conduct
This research is being done to evaluate multimodality imaging, including magnetic resonance imaging-guided therapy (MRT), as a possible treatment for gynecologic cancers. The therapy takes place in the Department of Radiation Oncology at the Johns Hopkins SKCCC. The purpose of this study is to investigate the ability of MRI to successfully guide the placement of the brachytherapy applicator necessary to treat participants' gynecologic cancer. The Investigators want to see if the use of MRI will do a better job of assessing the tumor at the time of brachytherapy than the routinely used CT scan. The Investigators also want to determine if the use of MRI will enable doctors to reduce the radiation dose received by the body during the process of treating the tumor.