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The activation of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) plays a key role in uncontrolled hypertension or resistant hypertension. Surgery and and medicine are the main treatment for primary aldosteronism(PA) by the current guidelines. However, only a small part of patients with PA meet the surgical criteria, and most of patients with uncontrolled hypertension and activation of RAAS have to take spironolactone or other antihypertensive drugs for long time. On the other side, long-term inhibition of aldosterone receptor may cause hyperkalemia, male breast hyperplasia and other adverse reactions. Moreover, hyperaldosterone is still not corrected by spironolactone, which causes extensive cerebrovascular damages even though blood pressure and blood potassium had been normalized. With the development of adrenal vein sampling and adrenal ablation, selective arterial ablation of adrenal gland(AAA) was observed with significant decrease of blood aldosterone and blood pressure in patients with PA, which made it promising that uncontrolled hypertension could be relieved by selective AAA.
Hypertension (HTN) is a global problem affecting 972 million adults and an important public health burden since it is the main cause of cardiovascular disease and death, and the second leading cause of disability. Disproportionately affected, Black women have the highest prevalence of HTN in the United States. This research will evaluate potential interventions for possible community-based strategies for controlling HTN using interactive self-care strategies with coaching and technology. We hypothesize that participants who receive the Chronic Disease Self-Management Program (CDSMP) workshop and Interactive Technology Enhanced Coaching (ITEC) will have lower systolic/diastolic blood pressure (BP) and better adherence to antihypertensive medication(s) and lifestyle recommendations (physical activity, diet, and weight management) post intervention compared to participants receiving self-care management alone.
Therapeutic compliance is defined as the degree of coincidence between a person's behavior and prescribing advice given by his or her physician. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), "insufficient adherence is the main reason why patients do not get all the benefits they could expect from their medicines. It causes medical and psychosocial complications, diminishes the quality of life of patients, increases the likelihood of drug resistance, and waste of resources. " In the case of certain conditions such as high blood pressure (hypertension), poor adherence increases the risk of stroke, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure. In patients with uncontrolled hypertension under treatment, the issue of therapeutic non-compliance should always be considered before considering the dose (supplemental drug) of antihypertensive therapy. For each patient participating in the study, medication adherence (for one of the antihypertensive treatments) will be assessed for 2 months using an electronic pill. The antihypertensive treatments considered for the study belong to the following classes: diuretics, beta-blockers, calcium-blockers, ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme) inhibitors, sartans. Main objective: care objective: to provide physicians and patients with assistance in case of ineffectiveness or therapeutic escape in a chronic disease such as hypertension, by assessing the compliance profile of each patient. Secondary objectives: to carry out a quantitative typology of drug adherence in patients with unbalanced HTA under treatment.
This study will compare participants who have uncontrolled hypertension and perform a set of five breathing exercises (Pranayama breathing) to a control group. The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of the breathing exercises on reduction of blood pressure.
Current guideline directed medical therapies (GDMT) for hypertension (HTN) endorse a trial and error approach based on drug class. This pilot study will evaluate the efficacy of a Clinical Decision Support (CDS) program to assist providers with delivering a more personalized approach using individual renin-aldosterone levels and the mechanism of action of medications included in GDMT recommendations. The overarching goal is to achieve HTN control rates above the 2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey reported rate of 53% in a timely fashion, by individualizing medication management, thereby reducing the patient risk of stroke, heart and renal disease, and other devastating HTN-related outcomes.
The largest epidemiologic study of Hispanic/Latino participants thus far, i.e., the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) documented that 80% of men and 71% of women have at least one major cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factor. The American Heart Association emphasizes that current CVD prevention efforts are sparse and ineffectual in minority populations and acknowledges the need for new and more effective disease prevention strategies. This observational study and pilot cluster-randomized clinical trial seeks to implement and evaluate a novel 8-week Positive Psychology (PP) Intervention (compared to an attention control condition) in Hispanic/Latino adults with uncontrolled hypertension, i.e., elevated 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure, with primary interest in testing efficacy for clinically meaningful improvements in cardiovascular function.
The aim of the study is to investigate and explore the most important aspects of drug-adherence in the treatment of hypertension in order to improve treatment and blood pressure control, implying that new knowledge will reduce morbidity and mortality.
Remote patient monitoring is a potential component for the management of chronic conditions that may provide reliable and real-time physiological measurements for clinical decision support, alerting, and patient self-management. The purpose of this study is to evaluate an UHN-built remote monitoring system for patients with complex chronic conditions called Medly.
The investigators refined research aim is to determine if a clinic-based collaborative care team, including a community health worker (CHW) to deliver community-based contextualized care, reduces disparities in blood pressure control rates, lowers cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk, and improves outcomes among patients with hypertension and other common comorbid conditions when compared to standard of care health system approaches to CVD risk management, including audit and feedback and staff and provider training. Collaborative care includes care coordination and care management; regular and proactive monitoring and treatment to target specific patient needs using validated clinical tools and rating scales; and regular systematic caseload reviews by the care team and consultation with experts for patients who do not show clinical improvement. A typical collaborative care team includes the primary care provider, nurse care manager or coordinator, and other members of the clinic staff involved in patient care. Intervention protocols are designed to address common comorbidities (diabetes, hyperlipidemia, depression and coronary heart disease), lifestyle factors (dietary intake, physical activity, and smoking) and medication adherence. The investigators intensive intervention treats the "whole" patient, driven by individual patient goals and priorities, as opposed to the standard of care, which typically focuses on individual conditions. This proposed study responds directly to patient desires to feel more equipped to be involved in their care and manage multiple conditions that contribute to CVD. The investigators have worked successfully in the past with a broad range of stakeholders, including community members, patients, providers, and payors, and will continue to engage them through the research and dissemination process.
This study will build a population management system Simultaneous risk factor control using Telehealth to slOw Progression of Diabetic Kidney Disease STOP-DKD Application STOP-DKD APP and conduct a 6-month controlled trial to compare reduction of blood pressure. In addition, the study will evaluate the feasibility of future large-scale intervention to slow diabetic kidney disease (DKD) DKD progression. Aim 1: Identify patients with moderate DKD and uncontrolled hypertension (HTN) using existing electronic health record data in an integrated data warehouse (Southeastern Diabetes Initiative- SEDI) to screen all patients within SEDI. Aim 2: Implement an intervention designed to slow progression of DKD and treat associated conditions in a high-risk population with moderate DKD and uncontrolled HTN using the STOP-DKD APP - Primary Outcome: Test the hypothesis that patients who receive the intervention will have greater improvements in blood pressure as compared to a control group after 6 months - Secondary Outcomes: Exploratory analyses to determine whether patients who receive the intervention will have less progression (defined as a smaller decrease in kidney function), and improved behaviors that affect HTN control and cardiovascular risk (medication adherence, diet, physical activity, and weight control) as compared to a control group after 6 months Aim 3: Evaluate the STOP-DKD APP Study to guide large-scale implementation & dissemination - Impact Evaluation: Assess the potential population impact of our intervention using the Reach, Effectiveness, Adoption, Implementation, Maintenance (RE-AIM) framework - Economic Evaluation: Conduct an economic evaluation using the Archimedes Model by estimating projected costs and quality-adjusted life-years