View clinical trials related to Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant.Filter by:
Observational, multi-centre, prospective study to investigate the feasibility of centralized TDM of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin in MDR-TB patients by determining turn-around time between sampling and receiving dosing advice. In addition, the effect of TDM will be evaluated by comparing treatment results of prospective patients receiving TDM with historical controls without TDM.
To evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability at 8 weeks (2-months), 52 weeks (12-months), and 104 Weeks (24-months) post the start of the following treatment regimens in participants with: Drug Sensitive TB (DS-TB) patients given BPaMZ for 17 Weeks ( or 4 months) vs. Standard HRZE/HR treatment given for 26 weeks (or 6 months) and Drug Resistant TB (DR-TB) patients given BPaMZ for 26 Weeks (or 6 months)
Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.
This study is a U.S.-based, 1 site (with 4 clinical settings), randomized controlled trial (with funding from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's (CDC) Antibiotic Resistance Solutions Initiative) that will be implemented to evaluate traditional directly observed therapy (DOT) and electronic forms of DOT (eDOT) for tuberculosis (TB) treatment. The trial will assess whether eDOT that employs electronic communication methods, such as video via computer or cellphone, is a non-inferior approach to monitor TB treatment adherence, compared to traditional in-person DOT (ipDOT), in which a trained person is in the physical presence of patients as anti-TB drugs are ingested. ipDOT is the single best intervention proven to be successful when it comes to TB patients' adherence to therapy (which reduces risk of acquired drug resistance). However, ipDOT is resource intensive and many times challenging to facilitate in-person. If eDOT is found to be non-inferior to ipDOT, health departments and other clinicians might be able to provide eDOT to certain populations of TB patients in a more flexible and potentially cost-saving manner.
This observational study will examine the safety and efficacy of bedaquiline and delamanid used (individually, not together) in routine, multidrug regimens for treatment of MDR-TB. The information gathered in this study will inform doctors how best to use these TB drugs in the future.
This is a randomized controlled clinical trial comparing treatment success of a gene-derived individualized drug-resistant Tuberculosis regimen to a standard Tuberculosis regimen based on South African National Tuberculosis guidelines.
This study will evaluate the pharmacokinetics, safety, and tolerability of the anti-tuberculosis (TB) drug delamanid (DLM) in combination with an optimized multidrug background regimen (OBR) for multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) in HIV-infected and HIV-uninfected children with MDR-TB.
Specimen transport from peripheral health structures to the National TB reference laboratory for MDR-TB identification presents a big challenge in term of sample management, safety, contamination and delays. Thus a system that allows specimen to be collected and shipped in a safely manner while reducing the possibilities of contamination, the cost of shipment and especially the time for detection of MDR-TB by using molecular methods would be very useful. Whereas the some studies show promising results for the development and standardization of simple specimen collection and transportation methods for molecular DST, more data is needed before these can be used in routine. The study described here aims at identifying a suitable method, in terms of adapted sample support (s) (slide, filter paper (FTA, Genocard ...)) and DNA extraction method. If one or several methods are found to give satisfying results, then a larger patient based evaluation of this (these) method(s) for molecular DST will be performed in a second phase. The protocol for the second phase will be prepared separately.
To evaluate the efficacy, safety and tolerability of various doses and durations of linezolid plus bedaquiline and pretomanid after 26 weeks of treatment in participants with either pulmonary XDR-TB, pre-XDR-TB, or treatment intolerant or non-responsive MDR-TB.
Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a challenge worldwide. Few studies have prospectively reported outcomes in patients with pulmonary MDR-TB treated with adjunctive immunotherapy combined to standard chemotherapy. We aimed to assess whether immunotherapy with Interleukin(IL)-2 enhanced the clinical and immune effects of treatment on MDR-TB patients.We performed a multicentre prospective cohort study extend all over Jiangsu province in China. Two groups were generated based on the adjunctive rhIL-2 therapy during 24 months regiman. Bacteriological and imaging data were followed during 24 months with cure rates analysed.