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To investigate the effect of patient mood and cigarette smoking before spinal anesthesia on post spinal puncture headache and backache
Summary of the Project : Quitting smoking following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can reduce mortality up to 50%. However, depression and smoking are highly co-morbid and depressed mood may interfere with cessation and independently predicts mortality. Thus, a single, integrated treatment for both smoking and depression could be highly effective in reducing post-acute coronary syndrome mortality. Behavioral Activation (BA) is a well established treatment for depression and has recently shown promise as a treatment for smoking cessation. The investigators systematically developed an intervention integrating gold standard smoking cessation counseling with existing BA based mood management techniques for post-ACS smokers; Behavioral Activation Treatment for Cardiac Smokers (BAT-CS). Objective: For this R01 the investigators will evaluate the efficacy of using a single, integrated treatment that targets both depressed mood and smoking (BAT-CS).
1.1 In the last five years, representatives of WellShare International and the University of Minnesota have engaged a large community of Muslims of Somali descent in the Twin Cities of Minnesota in a community-academic research program to understand smoking and cessation behaviors. This followed research by WellShare International which discovered a smoking prevalence among Somali men of 44%, which is nearly three times that of the general population (14.4%) in Minnesota. More recently, pilot data from ecological momentary assessments (EMA) conducted by WellShare International and the University of Minnesota Program in Health Disparities Research before and during Ramadan, showed that the majority of smokers achieved spontaneous significant reductions in cigarettes smoked per day during Ramadan. Guided by the NIH Stage Based Intervention Development Model, this study aims to understand the processes underlying smoking reduction and cessation during Ramadan. The investigators plan to harness this knowledge and develop a culturally-tailored, faith-based smoking cessation intervention (Stage 1). The investigators also plan to assess the feasibility of the new culturally-tailored smoking cessation intervention by conducting a pilot study (Stage 2). The study aims are as follows: Aim 1: To develop a faith-based, community-informed innovative smoking cessation intervention for use with a Somali immigrant population in Minnesota: Aim 2: To assess the feasibility of a faith-based smoking cessation intervention delivered via a mobile phone during the Ramadan period: This pilot study will test a protocol for use of faith based text messages in combination with a Nicotine Replacement Therapy (NRT) or other pharmacotherapy, as informed by the scholarly work of the Imams, Community Advisory Group (CAG) and focus groups conducted in Stage 1.
This study evaluates the effects of electronic cigarette use on cigarette smoking and markers of tobacco use, as well as respiratory symptoms and function in smokers with mild to moderate chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). All participants will receive a 12 week supply of electronic cigarettes to use instead of their regular conventional cigarettes.
The purpose of the study is to collect human biological samples and measurements from people of various ethnic and racial backgrounds for projects related to the "Mechanisms of Ethnic/Racial Differences in Lung Cancer Due to Cigarette Smoking" Program Project Grant. These samples will be used to evaluate and compare biomarkers of tobacco exposure across Japanese Americans, Whites, and Native Hawaiians and to add to the Multiethnic Cohort (MEC) biorepository to develop or assess future biomarkers.
The purpose of the study is to determine if an Ask, Advise, Connect (AAC) intervention model benefits tobacco control outcomes for pediatric primary care providers (pPCP's) and their young patients.
The primary goal of this study is to examine whether cigarette smokers can reduce their use of conventional, combustible cigarettes by switching to a Standardized Research E-Cigarette (SREC); whether participants can maintain these reductions and use of SRECs over a 12-week period; and whether there are changes in subjective and objective measures of health, appeal and acceptability of the products used during this time frame.
This trial will examine the contribution of massage therapy and mindfulness to tobacco-smoking women in the third trimester of pregnancy.
This study will examine the effectiveness of a social norms campaign in correcting smoking misperceptions, reducing smoking susceptibility and changing smoking-related behaviours in Hong Kong adolescents.
The 2-year research plan will test the Put It Out Project (POP) in a pilot randomized trial (N=120) compared to TSP and two historical control conditions. Participants will be young adults who smoke, identify as sexual or gender minorities, and use Facebook. The primary outcome will be biochemically verified 7-day abstinence from smoking at 3 and 6 months. Secondary outcomes will be a quit attempt (y/n), stage of change, and thoughts about tobacco abstinence at 3 and 6 mos.