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The main purpose of the research study is to estimate the prevalence of tobacco product use and describe the tobacco use patterns in adults in London, United Kingdom.
The main purpose of the research study is to estimate the prevalence of tobacco product use and describe the tobacco use patterns in adults in Germany.
The main purpose of the research study is to estimate the prevalence of tobacco product use and describe the tobacco use patterns in adults in Italy.
The investigators propose a Type I hybrid effectiveness/implementation study to evaluate two population-based approaches for increasing use of Quitlines and text messaging at two VA sites. Specifically, the investigators will test the default bias, examining whether an opt-out approach to referral is more effective than an opt-in approach. The investigators will randomly assign teams to either an opt-out or opt-in approach to referring smokers to treatment. In the opt-out approach, the default is that everyone is referred to treatment unless they actively choose not to be. In the opt-in approach, people are offered treatment but must actively choose to enroll in it.
Secondhand smoke exposure in the home can causes sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS), asthma, respiratory illnesses, and ear infections in children. In addition to cigarette smoke, exposure to other tobacco products can further compromise the safety of children in the home. This study aims to reduce the burden of multiple tobacco exposures, improve access to preventive care, and reduce the disproportionate risk for chronic diseases, including cancer, among African American women and children living in the Arkansas Delta region. Our central hypothesis is that messages delivered by a community health worker that aim to modify knowledge, attitudes, beliefs, and subjective norms may influence the perceived threat of tobacco exposures and provide cues for African American women caregivers to implement comprehensive smokefree policies to protect their children from the harms of tobacco and in-turn, influence their quitting.
The JUUL 5% Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS) is being studied as an alternative to combustible cigarette use. This study aims to find out how much nicotine is in the blood and urine of healthy adult subjects after using three JUUL 5% ENDS compared to smoking usual brands of combustible cigarettes and stopping smoking.
The purpose of this study is to measure changes in smoking behavior during and following sampling of an e-cigarette product. E-cigarettes are classified by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) as a tobacco product, though they contain no tobacco. Unlike regular cigarettes, which are burned (creating smoke that is inhaled), e-cigarettes include a heating element that vaporizes nicotine. E-cigarettes are likely much safer than conventional cigarettes, but they may not be entirely safe. We are testing the effects of one specific ecigarette (NJoy) on naturalistic changes in smoking behavior. Neither the tobacco industry nor any ecigarette manufacturer provides support of any kind to this study. There is no requirement to quit smoking in this study, nor is there any requirement to use e-cigarettes.
The objective of this study is to examine whether cigarette packaging regulations including graphic health warning labels on cigarette packs and requiring plain, unbranded packaging reduce the appeal of cigarettes and prompt young adult smokers to quit.
To investigate the effect of patient mood and cigarette smoking before spinal anesthesia on post spinal puncture headache and backache
Summary of the Project : Quitting smoking following acute coronary syndrome (ACS) can reduce mortality up to 50%. However, depression and smoking are highly co-morbid and depressed mood may interfere with cessation and independently predicts mortality. Thus, a single, integrated treatment for both smoking and depression could be highly effective in reducing post-acute coronary syndrome mortality. Behavioral Activation (BA) is a well established treatment for depression and has recently shown promise as a treatment for smoking cessation. The investigators systematically developed an intervention integrating gold standard smoking cessation counseling with existing BA based mood management techniques for post-ACS smokers; Behavioral Activation Treatment for Cardiac Smokers (BAT-CS). Objective: For this R01 the investigators will evaluate the efficacy of using a single, integrated treatment that targets both depressed mood and smoking (BAT-CS).