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Smoking rates remain above 60% for individuals involved in the criminal justice system and contribute to elevated mortality rates in this population. Addressing smoking disparities among justice-involved individuals is a critical public health issue in Minnesota, one of a few states with rising incarceration rates. People who are incarcerated represent the intersection of multiple high-priority populations (disproportionately African-American, Native American, low-income, homeless, on Medicaid, and suffering from mental illness and substance use disorders). This study examines the impact of a smoking cessation intervention for individuals discharged from jail to the community on smoking abstinence. Participants will be randomized to either 1) guideline-based, in-person smoking cessation counseling during incarceration, telephone counseling after incarceration, and nicotine replacement, or 2) enhanced treatment as usual. This study's findings will be used to develop a larger, multi-site study that is fully powered to measure longer-term health and smoking cessation outcomes.
Cannabis smokers who also smoke tobacco cigarettes have markedly higher rates of cannabis relapse relative to those who do not use tobacco. There is a clear need to develop and evaluate interventions for dual tobacco and cannabis users. The investigators of this study have previously shown that the co-use of tobacco cigarettes contributes to the maintenance of daily cannabis use, and that age of cigarette onset is a critical predictor of treatment outcome. Short-term tobacco cessation may suffice in altering cannabis relapse rates in later-onset cigarette smokers, while a longer period of tobacco cessation may be needed for earlier-onset smokers. In the current study, a human laboratory model will be utilized to determine whether cannabis relapse varies as a function of tobacco cessation duration and age of tobacco use onset.
The purpose of this study is to develop a treatment that can effectively help people reduce their alcohol use and quit smoking.
A Randomized, Open-Label, Cross-Over Study to Assess Nicotine Uptake and Subjective Measures with Use of JUUL 5% Electronic Nicotine Delivery Systems (ENDS) Compared to Usual Brand Combustible Cigarettes, a Comparator E-Cigarette, and Nicotine Gum in Healthy Adult Smokers
The goal of this study is to determine the biomarkers of exposure and harm as well as the pattern of product purchase when ventilated vs. unventilated cigarettes are available in the marketplace with and without alternative nicotine delivery systems (ANDS). The primary aim of this study is to examine the effects of cigarette filter ventilation on biomarkers of toxicant exposure and toxicity and smoking behavior (cigs/day), with or without the availability of ANDS.
A Randomized Study Comparing Nicotine Pharmacokinetics of Seven Electronic Cigarette Products and One Traditional Cigarette Across Two Delivery (10 puff and ad- libitum) Conditions, in Healthy Adult Smokers
The purpose of this study is to evaluate changes in exposure to selected harmful and potentially harmful constituents (HPHC) by measuring biomarkers in adult smokers who partially or completely switch from smoking cigarettes to oral tobacco-derived nicotine (OTDN) products compared to those who continue exclusive smoking cigarettes or stop using all tobacco products.
The purpose of this study is to compare nicotine uptake and product use behavior during and following use of two moist snuff products in generally healthy, adult moist snuff users.
The overarching goal of the proposed Phase II research is to demonstrate the short-term effectiveness of the modification of an existing, effective, computer-based, tobacco prevention program, Click City®: Tobacco, to prevent the initiation of e-cig use among youth. A secondary goal is to modify the program to increase marketability by expanding the range of devices on which the program can be delivered (e.g., tablets to desktops), simplifying the student user interface, and providing more robust teacher/administrator functionality.
The goal of the study is to develop and test Connection to Health for Smokers (CTHS), a comprehensive program to support smokers to quit and improve smokers' general health. The program will be designed for implementation by health educators in community health centers.