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Relating the electroencephalogram findings of patients with tinnitus before and after a therapeutic modality is still scarce in the literature, especially with neuromodulatory methods, more specifically with Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation - tDCS. This study is a double blind, sham-controlled clinical trial aiming investigate the impact of tDCS on patterns of brain electrical activity in patients with chronic tinnitus. 36 volunteers with tinnitus will be allocated randomly in 2 groups: the first (n = 18) will receive anodic tDCS in the temporoparietal left area and cathode in the right dorsolateral prefrontal cortex and the second group (n = 18) correspond to the sham group. In addition, healthy individuals (n = 18) will be recruited for comparative purposes of brain electrical activity with and without tinnitus, totaling 54 participants. Patients with tinnitus will receive transcranial direct current stimulation for 20 minutes for 5 consecutive days (1 week) and will be assessed before and after intervention by electroencephalogram, Acuphenometry, Visual Analogue Scale - VAS and questionnaire Tinnitus Handicap Inventory- THI. Follow-up of volunteers will also be performed after 1 month of the end of treatment with tDCS.
The aim of this exploratory study is to evaluate the use and effectiveness of sound therapy for tinnitus relief in cochlear implant users with tinnitus. The sound therapy is a combination of tinnitus counselling and sound enrichment with the Cochlear Active Relief from Tinnitus (CART) firmware.
The purpose of this study is to determine if a novel sound-based therapy in comparison to standard of care (cognitive behavioral therapy) results in reducing tinnitus-related effects for people with bothersome tinnitus.
The purpose of this study is to develop and test a subject operated device to lessen tinnitus (ringing in the ear), based on subject-feedback for stimulus presentation.
Recent studies have reported successful reduction of tinnitus after cochlear implantation (CI) in most CI users, but the mechanisms of reduction and the amount of improvement is not fully understood. Especially, the relative role of peripheral and central auditory pathways is not clearly known. This study assessed the effect of CI electrical stimulation on tinnitus in subjects with unilateral tinnitus related to a single-sided deafness (SSD), and relative contributions of peripheral and central auditory pathways in tinnitus reduction.
Twenty patients with tinnitus and a typical noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) audiogram were included. Each subject underwent an otoscopic examination, distortion product otoacoustic emissions, tinnitus-match testing, Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) and serum zinc level analyses. After 2 months of treatment with zinc, all tests were repeated.
The proposed research is to identify the brain areas activated or deactivated by tinnitus in humans. The identification of these areas is expected to be able to treat tinnitus refractory to traditional therapies by methods of brain stimulation. Furthermore, this technique would be very useful to verify the effectiveness of any treatment to relieve tinnitus. The brain activation measured during fMRI will be performed in a position of rest, after inhibition of tinnitus, and after application of a sound that does not inhibit tinnitus. This comparison will identify specific brain areas activated or deactivated by tinnitus.
Tinnitus is one of the most prevalent symptoms that causes more disability in patients with temporomandibular disorder (TMD). The present study postulates a possible link between temporomandibular joint (TMJ) and inner ear based on their anatomical, biomechanical and physiological relationship, proposing a physiotherapy treatment for the temporomandibular joint to improve tinnitus. The aim of the study is to evaluate the effectiveness of adding specific manual therapy to a multimodal physiotherapy treatment in patients with tinnitus and temporomandibular disorder.
The most current data indicate that tinnitus and hearing impairment are the Number 1 and 2 disabilities associated with service in Operations Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom. Tinnitus can result from exposure to continuous noise from vehicles, generators, and other equipment, and from blast, or impulse noise from friendly-or opposing-forces weapon systems. Thus, tinnitus caused by both long-term noise exposure and acute acoustic trauma is an obstacle to be overcome in return-to-duty decisions and represents a serious liability to the retention of a healthy and fit force. Until recently, there has been no treatment that has been clinically validated as consistently effective. The development of the Neuromonics Tinnitus Treatment sought to overcome the practical limitations of previously available approaches (e.g. tinnitus maskers and biofeedback). While these studies have demonstrated the efficacy of the Neuromonics Tinnitus Treatment over alternative therapies, these trials studied target populations that may not be representative of the typical Soldier experiencing tinnitus. One hundred and twenty (120) Soldiers or veterans with debilitating tinnitus will be recruited and divided into groups treated with two treatments, the Neuromonics Tinnitus Treatment Program which includes the use of the Neuromonics Oasis™ treatment device and a similarly-treated device using a placebo treatment. The study uses a randomized, double-blind design. The effectiveness of the treatments will be assessed using standard audiometric procedures and tinnitus subjective questionnaires. This study will allow the Office of the Surgeon General of the Army to provide direction regarding the Neuromonics Tinnitus Treatment Program (NTTP) for alleviation of debilitating tinnitus that adversely affects Soldier deployability and operational performance. Retention of a fit force and improved quality of life for active-duty Soldiers are important issues associated with a successful approach to the treatment of tinnitus.
Tinnitus is the perception of sound in the absence of an external sound. Prevalence in the general population is 10 to 15%, with tinnitus severely impacting quality of life in 1-2 percent of the population. Tinnitus therapy is based on counselling, cognitive and behavioural therapies in combination with sound therapies which mostly rely on masking. For cochlear implant candidates, the ability to use hearing aids and maskers is limited by the degree of their hearing loss. Reports of tinnitus prevalence in this group range from 67 to 100% with a mean of 80%. In cochlear implant (CI) recipients, tinnitus suppression primarily occurs during active use of the cochlear implant system. In some CI recipients residual inhibition of tinnitus occurs when the implant is switched off. While the benefits of CI implantation on tinnitus are well documented, there is a group of recipients where tinnitus remains a concern in the implanted ear post-operatively. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the benefits of using tinnitus masking via a CI sound processor that optimises tinnitus suppression with minimal annoyance to the user. Furthermore a questionnaire will be employed to capture the prevalence, degree and nature of tinnitus in recipients.