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By means of an observer-blinded, randomized controlled trial, the analgesic efficacy of an upper-arm Bier's block and a forearm mini-Bier's block will be investigated in patients undergoing hand surgery. The hypothesis is that there is no difference between the two types of anesthetic techniques with respect to the analgesic efficacy.
The purpose of the Study is to test a higher dose of steroids(Dexamethasone) given just prior to surgery in the setting of Fast-Track Kneesurgery with Arthroplasty and the effect on postoperative pain and postoperative inflammation.
The sarcopenia is defined as a loss of muscle mass and a loss of muscle function ( strength or performance). Some studies showed that the sarcopenia increase the postoperative complications and the overall survival in abdominal surgery. But the sarcopenia is not evaluated in the Hepatobiliary surgery. This prospective, monconcentrique study aim to evaluate the prevalence of sarcopenia, and its associated morbimortality in hepatobiliary surgery for malignant or benign tumors.
Objective of this protocol will be to evaluate the parameters related to the function of the musculoskeletal and cardiorespiratory system, through a rehabilitation and training program for people with acquired central nervous system and multiple sclerosis. The study will consist of volunteers with acquired CNS lesions and multiple sclerosis of both sexes, between 18 and 85 years old, and who wander with or without aid devices, randomly divided into 3 groups: Group 1 (cardiopulmonary treatment), Group 2 (cardiopulmonary treatment and transcranial photobiomodulation application) and Group 3 (cardiopulmonary treatment and placebo laser). All groups will receive aerobic training on a treadmill (Moviment®) with the aid of a suspension equipment (BrainMov® Physical Activity Station). The transcranial photobiomodulation (laser diode, λ = 810 nm, beam area 0.028 cm², power of 100 mW, power density of 3.5 mW / cm², energy of 3 Joules / point and energy density of 107.1 J / cm2) will be applied on the skin / scalp and the International System 10-20 at points F7, F8 and AFz will be used as reference for irradiation. Muscular activation, heart rate variability, lung volumes and capacities, fatigability, exercise tolerance, cognition and quality of life will be evaluated before, during, at the end and after two months of rehabilitation. The treatment proposed in this study, using transcranial photobiomodulation, is expected to improve muscle, sensory, cardiorespiratory, cognitive functions and to interfere positively in the quality of life of the volunteers.
Local treatment in addition to endocrine treatment as 1st line for oligo-metastatic ER-positive/HER2-negative breast cancer.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate how time from hospital admission to start of surgery influence mortality in patients with acute hip fracture. Data on patients with hip fracture surgery will be collected from the hospital's registration system and will be analyzed regarding age, gender, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) Physical Status Classification, type of surgery and time from admission to surgery along with data on mortality.
Minimally invasive pancreaticoduodenectomy remains one of the most challenging abdominal procedures. Safety and feasibility remain controversial when comparing laparoscopic with open pancreaticoduodenectomy,especially for malignant tumors.The aim of this study was to compare laparoscopic and open pancreatoduodenectomy for short-term outcomes in a randomized trial.
Square knots are the gold standard for hand-tied surgical knots; however, they are difficult to reproduce in deep body cavities and can inadvertently result in slipped knots. The investigators have shown in previous work that the reversing half-hitch alternating post (RHAP) surgical knot is a non-inferior alternative to the square surgical knot based on its tensile strength and performance in limited working spaces. Prior to introducing RHAP knot in routine surgical practice, it is important to objectively demonstrate similar physical characteristics of anastomosis created using RHAP and standard square knots. This study aims to compare the burst pressure of cadaveric porcine small bowel anastomosis constructed using RHAP and standard square knots on a flat surface and in a simulated deep body cavity. The investigators are conducting a prospective randomized controlled study of novice medical students allocated to proficiency-based training in RHAP and square surgical knots. Knot tying proficiency will be assessed using a knot-tying checklist. Number of repetitions and time required to achieve proficiency will be tracked for each group. Once proficiency has been achieved by participants in RHAP and square knots group, each participant will perform two-hand sewn small bowel anastomosis using cadaveric porcine small bowel. One anastomosis will be performed on a flat surface and the other will be formed in a simulated deep body cavity. Burst pressure of the anastomoses will be tested using a column of water, and results will be compared between groups. Simple descriptive statistics will be performed for both groups. Between group comparisons of knot-tying proficiency and burst pressure will be performed using t-test. Learning curves within each group will be analyzed using paired 1-way ANOVA. SPSS Statistics (v. 21, IBM, New York, USA) will be used for all statistical analysis, with significance set to p<0.05. The investigators hypothesize that burst pressure of cadaveric porcine small bowel anastomosis will be equivalent for anastomosis constructed using RHAP and standard square knots. The results of this study will provide further validity evidence in support of RHAP as suitable alternative to the square surgical knots.
This study aims to find out the effect of contra lateral head rotation to distance and overlapping of internal jugular vein and carotid artery at cricoid cartilage level by ultrasound guidance on the Malay race in Indonesia
transfusion-related decisions in the perioperative setting are often complex due to acute variations in the hemoglobin levels, which typically experience a progressive decrease within days. This process, commonly referred to as "hemoglobin drop" or "hemoglobin drift", has been observed to be highly variable among patients and reliant on several variables, such as the volemic status, fluid balance and blood loss. Although it has been investigated and some predictors have been identified, postoperative hemoglobin drop remains unpredictable and is not fully clarified. In consequence, hemoglobin levels' variations are frequently misunderstood, hindering the decision to transfuse.