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The functional hemodynamic test (FHT) called passive leg raising (PLR) has been successfully used for assessing the fluid responsiveness in ICU patients since 2009 and its reliability has been confirmed by three large meta-analyses. However, the PLR is not usually practicable in the OR. A lot of different FHTs have been proposed, as alternative to the PLR, in ICU and, more recently, OR. These tests could be basically subdivided in two groups. A subgroup of FHTs is based on sudden and brief variations of the mechanical ventilation to induce a change in right ventricle preload and/or after load and, as consequence, of left ventricle SV. A second subgroup aims at testing the increase in SV after the rapid administration of a small aliquot of the predefined FC. Among the first group, the end-expiratory occlusion test (EEOT) and the lung recruitment maneuver (LRM) have been previously successfully tested in surgical patients. The EEOT consists of the interruption of the mechanical ventilation for 30 seconds, whereas the LRM consists in the increase in the peak inspiratory pressure up to 30 cmH20 for 30 seconds and in the assessment of the changes in the SV after the maneuvers. These tests are safe and can be easily applicable during the surgery to predict fluid responsiveness and optimize the fluid therapy. The primary aim of the present study is to compare the reliability of EEOT and LRM in predicting fluid responsiveness in patients undergoing general surgery.
Comparison of Etomidate plus Propofol vs. Propofol or Etomidate alone during induction of anesthesia.
Monitoring of intraoperative core temperature is essential for patient safety, reducing the risk of perioperative hypothermia. A recently developed measuring system, SpotOn® (3M, St. Paul, MN), measures the core temperature in a non-invasive manner. Its accuracy in patients undergoing general surgery has not been investigated yet. The study was aimed at comparing the accuracy of the SpotOn® in comparison with the oesophageal probe which is considered the current standard in our care units.
Catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI) are the most common nosocomial infections in critically ill patients and are responsible for high morbidity rates, increased hospital stays and associated costs. The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether active drain line clearance by the Accuryn Monitoring System reduces the incidence of CAUTI in hospitalized patients requiring catheters.
The patient's position is important for ensuring patient comfort and preventing complications after thyroidectomy. This study was carried out to determine the effects of different degrees of head-of-bed elevation on the respiratory pattern and drainage following thyroidectomy and to provide suggestions for evidence-based clinical practice.
End-expiratory occlusion test (EEOT) has been previously successfully tested in surgical patients, consisting of the interruption of the mechanical ventilation for 30 seconds, and in the evaluation of the changes in the SV. The mini fluid challenge test (mFC) aims at testing the increase in SV after the rapid administration of a small aliquot of the predefined FC. Both these test have been previously evaluated in small-sized studies and never compared each other.
We would like to evaluate and optimize opioid prescribing after minimally invasive hysterectomy. Currently, our standard prescribing is 150 oral morphine equivalents. However, recent studies show that half of the opioids prescribed are not used. We would like to include the patient in the decision making of the opioid prescribing. We have designed a randomized controlled trial to prescribe standard (150 oral morphine equivalents) or patient directed (less than or equal to 150 oral morphine equivalents) for pain control. We hypothesize that with patient input, there will be a higher utilization of the opioids prescribed. Also, we anticipate a lower number of opioids used overall. This study will help us optimize opioid prescribe and evaluate whether patient input can help in this important measure.
Parkinson's disease is a progressive chronic neurodegenerative disease. In cases where drug treatment is insufficient and drug use is not possible due to drug side effects, highly effective and low-risk surgical treatment options could be used. In Parkinson's Disease; findings such as chest wall rigidity and weakness of the respiratory muscle strength occur. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of preop and postop DBS surgery on respiratory muscle strength, respiratory function and physical performance in patients with Parkinson's disease.
To evaluate the clinical effectiveness of a virtual reality psychological preparation app at reducing peri-operative anxiety and its associated sequelae in children aged 3-12 years old undergoing ambulatory surgery compared to standard care.
Open distal pancreatectomy (ODP) has been commonly employed for the treatment of a variety of cancers in body and tail of pancreas. Although many general surgical procedures have been increasingly performed laparoscopically or with laparoscopic assistance, until the current decade, laparoscopic pancreatic surgery had not been performed for its complicated anatomy. But laparoscopic distal pancreatectomy (LDP) has been widely accepted as a standard treatment for body and tail pancreatic cancer because there is no anastomosis in it, and LDP has gradually become the first choice for these cancers in clinical work. Although there are several studies about the comparison between LDP and ODP, most are retrospective and there is no agreement in surgical margin, lymph node numbers and prognosis to identify the oncological differences between the two surgical approaches. The investigators' pilot study showed that patients with body and tail pancreatic cancer underwent LDP had a better prognosis compared with the ones undergoing ODP, with no statistics differences in postoperative complications and mortality. This perspective RCT study is performed to confirm whether LDP would improve the prognosis for patients with body and tail pancreatic cancer compared with ODP.