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The overarching goal of this work is to pilot-test a song-based instructional video designed to help elementary school (kindergarten) age children independently apply sunscreen effectively (i.e., covers all needed areas), efficiently (i.e., can be accomplished in 2-3 minutes), consistently (i.e., continues to apply sunscreen routinely before recess both during and after the intervention), without impacting classroom function (i.e., no mess). The video is also designed to encourage use of hats and sunglasses. The outcomes of interest include identification of "gaps" in skills that are consistent for this age group (i.e., commonly miss application to the back of neck), areas of learning refinement (i.e., generalization of skills with different outfits on), and flexibility in terms of adapting practice (i.e., can they do it without the video). The investigators hope that this pilot project will pave the way for broader clinical / educational implementation of this intervention within schools.
The aim of the study is to test a series of developed effective interventions targeting Danes going on vacation to sunny destinations to decrease sunburn by increasing use of shade, hats, protective clothing, and sunscreen to prevent skin cancer in the Danish population. It has been estimated that up to 90 % of all skin cancers could be avoided by behavioral changes. One of the main sources of UVR exposure in the Danish population is vacations to destinations with high UV index (UVI).
This project will pilot test whether a wearable device that tracks sun exposure and provides alerts regarding sun exposure and protection behaviors will reduce sunburns in melanoma survivors. The use of wearable technology devices has grown quickly over the last decade and studies using these devices to promote physical activity and weight loss have been promising. The investigators will pilot test the technology device versus a similar control device in 80 melanoma survivors and compare sunburns between the two groups after the three month intervention.
The present study explores the ability of dermatologists to influence patients' behavior using a novel and brief (3 minute) behavioral intervention in the context of naturally occurring patient interactions and shows promise for long term sustainability. The incidence of invasive skin cancers, cutaneous melanoma in particular, has nearly tripled in the U.S. between 1975 and 2004, making it the fastest rising incidence rate for all cancers in the United States. Dermatologists are in an ideal position to effect change in their patients. The present study will assess whether a brief intervention (The ABC—Addressing Behavior Change method) delivered to patients by dermatologists during a skin examination will increase the use of sun protection and reduce risk behaviors compared to patients who receive treatment as usual.
The goal is to prevent ultraviolet light (UV) overexposure by providing consumers with relevant, easy-to-access, specifically actionable information. This research proposal will develop a UV protection system consisting of an automated real-time counseling framework and a personal dosimeter that overcomes barriers to consumer adoption. These new, wearable sensors take the form of small (< 1 cm), thin (<0.1 mm), lightweight (<0.1 g), battery-free "stickers" that are fundamentally differentiated from other wearable electronics in their modes of use, cost structures and accuracy.
A phase II multicenter, double-blinded clinical trial of the safety and efficacy of SP160412 in the temporary relief of mild to moderate, (i.e. first degree) sunburn
The proposed study will assess the current sun safety policies and practices in programs for young children and to determine the willingness of stakeholders to incorporate more protective measures. The primary hypothesis is that children in Head Start programs, daycare programs, elementary schools, or summer camps are exposed to significant UV radiation throughout the day, and are not adequately protected with sunscreen, hats, or sun-protective clothing. The secondary hypothesis is that these programs value sun safety as an important health behavior, but probably do not have the funding avilable to make it a priority.
The purpose of this study is to assess how sunscreens and sun protection fabrics perform in natural sunlight compared to their labeled claims, indoor testing methods (existing or modified) and instructions.
The aim of this study is to investigate the sun protective effect of melatonin, when used as a cream applied before sun exposure. Sun exposure induces erythema as indication of an inflammatory reaction in the skin. It is proven that the amount of free radicals in the skin are increased by UV exposure. Furthermore, it is known that melatonin is a potent antioxidant. It is hypothesized that melatonin can be protective against the UV induced release of free radicals by acting as a radical scavenger and thereby protect against UV-induced cellular damage.
Topical antihistamines can be used to promote relief of sunburn related symptoms (erythema, itch and burning sensations). Dexchlorpheniramine maleate 1% cream is a topical antihistamine formulation approved by ANVISA in Brazil for the relief of skin irritation and pruritus, including the ones caused by sunburn. The aim of the present study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of a new pharmacological preparation of dexchlorpheniramine maleate (1% gel) with the standard preparation (1% cream) for the relief of sunburn related symptoms and to demonstrate the safety of both preparations.