View clinical trials related to Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn.Filter by:
This is a pilot clinical trial to evaluate the comparative effectiveness of two commonly used types of non-invasive respiratory support. Preterm infants < 34 weeks gestational age, who are stable on either of the two modalities of support will be studied in a cross-over study design, such that each subject acts as his/her own control. The study will assess the relative efficacy of these modalities when used with equal mean airway pressure comparing measures of oxygenation, CO2 removal, apnea/bradycardia/desaturation events and work of breathing.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the incidence of the ARDS in the French wounded soldiers.
Acute lung injury (ALI) and the more severe manifestation, acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) describe syndromes of acute onset, bilateral, inflammatory pulmonary infiltrates and impaired oxygenation. ARDS/ALI are a continuum of disease which results in a life threatening, rapidly progressive illness and occurs in critically ill patients. Recent reports in the Journal of the American Medical Association (JAMA) highlight the significant public health impact ARDS/ALI has on the critically ill population in that despite robust research efforts, these illnesses continue to be under diagnosed, under treated, and continue to have a high mortality rate (≥ 40% of all confirmed diagnoses). The estimates for ARDS/ALI incidence vary due to inconsistencies with proper diagnosis and lack of valid biomarkers of disease; however, it is expected that anywhere from 20-50% of patients on mechanical ventilation will develop this disease. Previous work by our group has shown that sphingolipids play a multifaceted role in lung inflammation. Sphingolipid are a class of bioactive lipids that play a role in cellular processes such as apoptosis, cell migration, and adhesion. Ceramide is one species of sphingolipid the investigators have examined in both man and mouse. Our laboratory has shown that ceramide is up-regulated in pulmonary inflammation in mouse models of pneumonitis and is elevated in the exhaled breath condensate of mechanically ventilated patients at risk for ARDS/ALI. Our work coupled with the work of others highlighting a role for ceramide in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), surfactant dysfunction, and infectious disease make ceramide a logical candidate biomarker that warrants further investigation. To our knowledge, there are no studies examining the role of ceramide as a biomarker in ARDS/ALI. Thus, our overarching hypothesis is that ceramide is elevated in the lungs of patients who develop ARDS/ALI. This lipid dysregulation accounts for the pathophysiology seen in this disease and may be a potential pharmacologic target for clinical treatment. Thus the purpose of this exploratory research is to maximize existing specimens to further evaluate ceramide as a biomarker for acute lung injury.
Non-invasive ventilation (NIV, delivered via a mask or cannulas) permits to reduce the need for tracheal intubation in infants who needs a ventilatory support. NIV can be delivered with nasal CPAP (continuous positive airway pressure) or NIPPV (nasal intermittent positive pressure ventilation). The synchronization of the respiratory support according to the patient's demand is very difficult to obtain in infants with the conventional ventilatory modes. In all these ventilatory modes, the end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) is fixed and set by the clinician. However, since infants are prone to alveolar collapse and must compensate for a non-compliant chest wall, an active and ongoing management of PEEP is very important to prevent the lung de-recruitment. A new respiratory support system (NeuroPAP) has been developed to address these issues of synchronization and control of PEEP. This new system uses diaphragmatic tonic activity (Edi) that reflects the patient's efforts to increase lung recruitment and therefore it continuously controls the delivery of assist continuously both during inspiration (like NAVA) and during expiration, allowing a unique neural control of PEEP. A new device, the NeuroBOX, permits to deliver NIV with NeuroPAP, CPAP, or NIPPV, and also to serve as a cardio-respiratory monitor, tracking and displaying cardiac and respiratory signals, trends, and cardio-vascular events. The two main objectives of this study are: 1- To evaluate the clinical impact of NeuroPAP in infants with high tonic Edi; 2- To characterize the cardio-respiratory pattern and its relationship with cerebral perfusion of infants with noninvasive support, using the monitoring capacity of the NeuroBOX. The investigators expect that NeuroPAP will permit to improve the efficiency of NIV in infants, through the better synchronization and the personalization of the expiratory pressure level in response to the patient needs. This study will be conducted in two subgroups of patients at high risk of elevated tonic Edi and of cardio-respiratory events: a subgroup of premature infants and a subgroup of infants with bronchiolitis.
This study will investigate the efficacy of a novel air purification technology, Photo Electrochemical Oxidation (PECO), has on pediatric patients hospitalized for respiratory distress. The study will take place at Mercyhealth Hospital - Rockton Avenue where all 23 pediatric rooms will be outfitted with portable PECO air purifying units. The main outcomes are the length of stay and progression to ICU, which will be compared with historical controls.
While most studies in the medical literature that indicate "music" as an intervention may recognize its impact and capacity to decrease pain perception, anxiety, and/or its role in the regulation of cardiac and respiratory function in ICU patients, no identifiable studies have implemented entrained live music therapy protocols into clinical trials. Music therapy treatment is a non-pharmacological intervention that is individually tailored to the patient's needs and focuses on the assessment and intervention of a specific music application that is provided by a certified music therapist. Entrained music therapy focuses on a dynamic interaction between the patient and music therapist in which the music therapist attempts to promote relaxation and comfort through the patient's identified Song of Kin (SOK). This study measures the effects of live music therapy entrained to the vital signs of adult patients on duration of mechanical ventilation.
Mannose-binding lectin (MBL) plays an important role in the innate immune response. In addition to activating the complement, MBL can induce cytokine production and contribute to a deleterious inflammatory response with severe A(H1N1)pdm09 virus infection. The aim was to determine if serum MBL levels correlate with the risk of mortality in intensive care units (ICU) patients with A(H1N1)pdm09 infection. Prospective observational study was performed in ICU patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome due to influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 virus. Demographic characteristics and severity indices were recorded at ICU admission. MBL was assayed from blood drawn at influenza diagnosis within 24-48 h following the ICU admission. Outcomes were compared according to MBL levels.
The aim of the present study was to investigate the efficacy of L‑carnitine therapy on the occurrence and prognosis of respiratory distress syndrome
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a serious disease with high mortality. In patients who survive ARDS, respiratory, neurological and motor sequelae are frequent, negatively impacting on the patient's quality of life, and engendering substantial healthcare costs (rehabilitation, long-term care, delayed return to work). There may also be repercussions on the patient's family and entourage. The severity of ARDS and the burden it represents have underpinned intensive research to identify treatment strategies that could improve mortality. However, it is important to ensure that any improvement in mortality does not come at the price of an excess of sequelae and disability in survivors. The oxygenation strategy used to treat ARDS may have an impact on mortality in these patients. The CLOSE study, in which our group participated, recently demonstrated the feasibility of two oxygenation strategies in intensive care unit (ICU) patients with ARDS. We have also initiated the LOCO-2 study (NCT02713451), whose aim is to show a reduction in mortality in ARDS using a "conservative" oxygenation strategy (PaO2 maintained between 55 and 70 mmHg) as compared to a classical "liberal" oxygenation strategy (PaO2 between 90 and 105 mmHg). The LTO-BLOXY study is a substudy of the on-going LOCO-2 study
Bubble - Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) has been reported to be effective, cheaper, simpler and more accessible compared to mechanical ventilator and surfactant treatment for preterms with respiratory distress syndrome in the neighbouring countries. This study aims to implement and determine the effectiveness of bCPAP and its immediate outcomes compared to oxygen therapy in preterm babies presenting with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS).