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A monocentric, prospective, randomized controlled trial, including patients proposed for a laparoscopic gynecologic surgery comparing the muscular relaxing effect of a bilateral ultrasound-guided Transversus Abdominis Plane block to usual neuromuscular blockade agent (Atracurium)
Infraclavicular brachial plexus block has been used more frequently with the development of high-resolution ultrasound. Compared with peripheral nerve block using landmark technique or nerve stimulator technique, ultrasound-guided peripheral nerve block decreases the required dose of local anesthetics. As the dose of the drug used decreases, the systemic toxic effects of local anesthetics are reduced. However, the decreased dose of the drugs might have influence on the onset time of local anesthetics. Thus, the investigator aimed to evaluated the onset time of the two equipotent local anesthetics, 0.375% ropivacaine and 0.25% levobupivacaine.
During laparoscopic surgery, the abdomen is inflated with carbon dioxide for abdominal imaging and increased intraabdominal pressure affects intraabdominal structures and abdominal wall.
Breast surgery is known being associated to a high risk of persistent post-operative pain, which has been related, among other factors, to a poorly treated acute pain. Paravertebral block has been successfully employed for anesthesia and analgesia after breast surgery, however its impact on persistent post-operative pain has rarely been investigated. Aim of this study is to assess prevalence, characteristics and consequences of post-discharge pain and its correlation to the incidence of persistent post-operative pain development in a continuous cohort of patients undergoing breast surgery with a paravertebral block. Investigators designed a prospective, observational study on a continuous cohort of adult patients undergoing breast surgery with a standardized thoracic paravertebral block performed before general anesthesia induction. Patients were subsequently interviewed 6 months after hospital discharge in order to assess the incidence, features and duration of post-discharge pain.
Regional anesthesia, also know as a nerve block, is a key component of pain control after major abdominal surgery. Bilateral erector spinae plane block (ESPB) performed at low thoracic level has been shown to be an effective pain control method in case reports. This pilot study aims to further characterize the pain-control characteristics and to provide baseline data for future trials.
Randomised controlled prospective trial with 2 groups (active group with Lumbar plexus block (LPB)-catheter vs control group). In a randomized controlled trial, the investigators will investigate under controlled circumstances the effect of a LPB-catheter placed with ultrasound guided "Shamrock"-technique to improve postoperative pain treatment after unilateral open hip and femoral surgery in paediatric patients. The investigators will investigate the effect on opioid consumption and the reduction of opioid related side effects during the first 24 postoperative hours
Following painful surgical procedures, postoperative analgesia is often provided with a single-injection peripheral nerve block. Hothe investigatorsver, even with the longest-acting FDA-approved local anesthetic currently available-bupivacaine-the block duration is measured in hours, while the surgical pain may persist for days. A continuous peripheral nerve block allows a prolonged block, consisting of a percutaneously-inserted catheter with its orifice adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered. Two basic perineural catheter designs currently exist: (1) catheters that are inserted either through or over a straight hollow-bore needle; and, (2) catheters that are attached to the back of a hollow suture-shaped needle that pulls the catheter adjacent to the target nerve ("suture-method" design). To date, a comparison of the relative risks and benefits of these two designs have not been investigated. The investigators therefore propose a randomized, observer-masked, controlled, parallel-arm, clinical trial to compare these two catheter designs when used to provide post-surgical analgesia following foot and ankle surgery.
The impact of different anesthetic techniques on the immune system remains unclear. Aim of this ex vivo / in vitro study was to determine the effects of general and neuraxial anesthesia on monocyte subset alteration and the release of prototypical pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Twenty patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery were randomly assigned to receive either general anesthesia (ITN) or combined spinal/epidural anesthesia (CSE). CD14 and HLA-DR expression patterns on monocytes and intracellular TNF-alpha production were quantified via flow cytometry. TNF-α and IL-10 release were measured via enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
The erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a novel regional anesthetic technique for the treatment of thoracic, cervical, and abdominal pain. This pilot study aims to investigate the post-operative analgesic effectiveness of ultrasound guided single-shot ESP blocks for patients undergoing minimally invasive thoracoscopic wedge resections of the lung in comparison to those receiving conventional parental opioid analgesia alone. This will be achieved through the use of objective measures including quality the 40 point Quality of Recovery assessment (QoR-40) on postoperative day (POD) 1, visual-analogue pain scale (VAS) in the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU) and at POD 1, and oral morphine-equivalent (OME) opioid consumption in the PACU and at 24 hours post-operatively.
Anesthesia trainees can perform spinal anesthesia in patients who have poorly-palpable surface landmarks with fewer needle passes using an ultrasound-guided technique compared to the conventional surface landmark-guided technique.