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Regional anesthesia, also know as a nerve block, is a key component of pain control after major abdominal surgery. Bilateral erector spinae plane block (ESPB) performed at low thoracic level has been shown to be an effective pain control method in case reports. This pilot study aims to further characterize the pain-control characteristics and to provide baseline data for future trials.
Randomised controlled prospective trial with 2 groups (active group with Lumbar plexus block (LPB)-catheter vs control group). In a randomized controlled trial, the investigators will investigate under controlled circumstances the effect of a LPB-catheter placed with ultrasound guided "Shamrock"-technique to improve postoperative pain treatment after unilateral open hip and femoral surgery in paediatric patients. The investigators will investigate the effect on opioid consumption and the reduction of opioid related side effects during the first 24 postoperative hours
Following painful surgical procedures, postoperative analgesia is often provided with a single-injection peripheral nerve block. Hothe investigatorsver, even with the longest-acting FDA-approved local anesthetic currently available-bupivacaine-the block duration is measured in hours, while the surgical pain may persist for days. A continuous peripheral nerve block allows a prolonged block, consisting of a percutaneously-inserted catheter with its orifice adjacent to a target nerve/plexus through which local anesthetic may be administered. Two basic perineural catheter designs currently exist: (1) catheters that are inserted either through or over a straight hollow-bore needle; and, (2) catheters that are attached to the back of a hollow suture-shaped needle that pulls the catheter adjacent to the target nerve ("suture-method" design). To date, a comparison of the relative risks and benefits of these two designs have not been investigated. The investigators therefore propose a randomized, observer-masked, controlled, parallel-arm, clinical trial to compare these two catheter designs when used to provide post-surgical analgesia following foot and ankle surgery.
The impact of different anesthetic techniques on the immune system remains unclear. Aim of this ex vivo / in vitro study was to determine the effects of general and neuraxial anesthesia on monocyte subset alteration and the release of prototypical pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Twenty patients undergoing total knee replacement surgery were randomly assigned to receive either general anesthesia (ITN) or combined spinal/epidural anesthesia (CSE). CD14 and HLA-DR expression patterns on monocytes and intracellular TNF-alpha production were quantified via flow cytometry. TNF-α and IL-10 release were measured via enzyme linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA).
The erector spinae plane (ESP) block is a novel regional anesthetic technique for the treatment of thoracic, cervical, and abdominal pain. This pilot study aims to investigate the post-operative analgesic effectiveness of ultrasound guided single-shot ESP blocks for patients undergoing minimally invasive thoracoscopic wedge resections of the lung in comparison to those receiving conventional parental opioid analgesia alone. This will be achieved through the use of objective measures including quality the 40 point Quality of Recovery assessment (QoR-40) on postoperative day (POD) 1, visual-analogue pain scale (VAS) in the post-anesthetic care unit (PACU) and at POD 1, and oral morphine-equivalent (OME) opioid consumption in the PACU and at 24 hours post-operatively.
Anesthesia trainees can perform spinal anesthesia in patients who have poorly-palpable surface landmarks with fewer needle passes using an ultrasound-guided technique compared to the conventional surface landmark-guided technique.
The objective of the study is to compare the efficacy of the Serratus Anterior Plane block (SPB) realised in its deep plane, with a multi-holed catheter in place for twenty four hours, to a standard intravenous analgesia for small videoassisted thoracic surgery interventions. The objective is also to evaluate the resorption rate of local anesthetic at this level, and make a population pharmacokinetic analysis.
The study aims to evaluate the effect of US guided bilateral Thoracolumbar Interfascial plane (TLIP) block performed at the level of the lumbar spine surgery (involving 1 up to 3 adjacent lumbar vertebrae) after induction of general anesthesia and before starting the surgery on postoperative opioid consumption by the patients during the first 24 hours postoperative.
There is no consensus regarding which alternative is the best anesthesia for breast surgery, general anesthesia and morphine for postoperative analgesia or a combination of regional anesthesia and general anesthesia that possibly attenuates or abolishes the need for morphine. The current study aims to determine which of the two strategies that is best in relation to postoperative pain, nausea and risk of recurrence of the disease.
The authors study the efficacy of the pudendal versus penile block for the relief of postoperative pain in children receiving ambulatory circumcision. In this prospective, double-blind, randomized, parallel-arm trial, 60 children recruited during the anesthesia consultation will be allocated a general anesthesia with a pudendal block (PUD group) or a penile block (PEN group). Each block will be made with equal parts lidocaine 1% and ropivacaine 0.75% (0.3 ml/kg).