View clinical trials related to Reduced LVEF.Filter by:
Despite established implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) therapy and catheter ablation for sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) in patients with ischemic heart disease (IHD) and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), the efficacy of catheter ablation in patients with nonsustained VT has been not yet clarified. The incidence of appropriate ICD therapy itself has been reported to be a worse prognostic factor in patients with reduced LVEF. Therefore theoretically the inhibition of these ventricular incidences can result in the prognostic improvement.To suppress ventricular arrhythmias aside from antiarrhythmic agents, catheter ablation has been developed prominently in this decade along with the technological improvement such as irrigated ablation catheters, three-dimensional mapping systems, multi-polar catheters, and image integration system with CT and MRI. The rationale of this trial is to study the efficacy of the eradication of arrhythmogenic substrate in ischemic cardiomyopathy with reduced LVEF and nonsustained VT on prevention of the occurrence of sustained VT/VF and ICD therapies.
The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of ICD therapy compared with control on the endpoint of death from any cause in patients with heart failure of non-ischemic oetiology.
Primary objective: The primary objective of this study is to determine the efficacy of ICD therapy compared with control on the endpoint of death from any cause. Secondary objective: The secondary objectives of the study are to determine if ICD therapy reduces sudden death. Study design: Randomized, unblinded, controlled, parallel two group trial. Primary endpoint: Time to death from any cause. Sample size: In total, 1000 patients with 500 receiving ICD and 500 patients constituting the control group. Summary of Subject Eligibility Criteria: Patients with clinical heart failure, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤ 35%, non-ischemic etiology and NT-proBNP above 200 pg/ml. Patients in NYHA class IV will only be randomised if also fulfilling criteria for a biventricular pacemaker. Control group: Patients receiving standard therapy for heart failure including ACE-inhibitor/Angiotensin-Receptor-Blocker and Betablocker unless not tolerated. Aldosterone antagonism is optional. Study Duration: The study comprises a screening period of up to 2 years, followed by a treatment phase of a minimum of 36 months. Randomisation: After fulfilling all eligibility criteria, subjects will be randomized 1:1 to receive ICD implantation or continue usual control. Randomisation will be stratified according to treatment with a biventricular pacemaker. Treatment: After randomisation patients allocated to ICD treatment should receive this as fast as possible and preferably within 2 weeks (latest 4 weeks). The ICD will be programmed with anti-tachycardia pacing and shock therapy. Assessments: Deaths and hospitalisations for heart failure, stroke or arrhythmias will be recorded throughout the study duration. Statistical Considerations: Median lifetime in the control group is expected to be 5 years. A p-value of 5% (2-sided) is required for significance together with a power of at least 80%. With a relative risk reduction of 25% a sample size of 812 patients in total is required. In order to allow for cross-over a sample size of 1000 is planned. Primary Endpoint Analysis: The principal analysis for the primary endpoint (time to death from any cause) will employ the intent-to-treat principle and use a survival analysis. Secondary Endpoint Analysis: All time-to-event secondary endpoints will be analyzed similarly to the primary endpoint.