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This is a study of select drug therapies in patients with salivary gland cancer. The study has two phases: a molecular profiling phase (phase 1) and a treatment phase (phase 2). In molecular profiling phase of the study, participants will provide a sample of their tumor tissue to test for changes in certain genes that show whether certain drug treatments will be more useful than others. Once participants have undergone molecular profiling, they will be offered a drug treatment depending on the results. Certain drug treatments are designed to target certain gene changes. If there is a matching drug treatment, participants will be offered that treatment (either outside a clinical trial or within a clinical trial). If there are no gene changes or there are changes to genes were there are no drug treatments available for those certain changes, participants will be offered the study drug, Selinexor. Cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells. Research shows that one way cancer cells can grow uncontrollably is when certain proteins, called exporter proteins, are present in high levels in the body. These proteins prevent certain other proteins important in protecting cells from becoming cancerous and important in the controlling the growth of cells, from working. The study drug Selinexor is new class of drug called Selective Inhibitor of Nuclear Export (SINE) that blocks the exporter proteins from working which may allow the other proteins to work and slow or stop tumors from growing.
Compare the overall survival of patients with the addition of docetaxel to the overall survival of patients treated with SBRT and cetuximab alone. In addition, we will determine the difference in progression free survival (PFS), the rate of local recurrence (LR) and of distant metastases (DM) across the SBRT and cetuximab + docetaxel arm and the arm receiving SBRT and cetuximab alone. To better resolve the impact of the experimental treatment on PFS, LR, and DM, patients will be stratified by the presence/absence of prior cetuximab treatment and then randomized to either the control arm (cetuximab and SBRT only) or the experimental arm (cetuximab, SBRT, and docetaxel).
Postoperative vitreous hemorrhage is a common complication after vitrectomy for proliferative diabetic retinopathy. There have been efforts to lower the incidence of postoperative vitreous hemorrhage such as preoperative bevacizumab injection. Bevacizumab (Avastin) is a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and has been shown to decrease retinal and iris neovascularization in proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Recently there have been reports showing that preoperative bevacizumab injection could reduce intraoperative bleeding from abnormal vessels and could make surgery easier and more successful. Our hypothesis is that intraoperative bevacizumab injection could reduce postoperative vitreous hemorrhage by inhibiting the vessel formation after surgery. We started the prospective randomized comparative study to determine the effect of pre and intra-operative bevacizumab injection on postoperative vitreous hemorrhage after diabetic vitrectomy in comparison to vitrectomy without any adjuvant drug.
This research proposal is intended to elucidate the efficacy and mechanisms underlying Mindfulness Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) in a population in remission from recurrent Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). The first objective of the study is to replicate previous studies' findings of MBCT's effects on decreasing depressive symptoms and depression relapse rates. However, this proposal aims to make a novel contribution to the literature by using a randomized, controlled design, and comparing the effects of MBCT to an active control condition (ACC). The use of a well-designed ACC will enable us to control for confounding variables such as social support and expected outcomes, thus allowing us to determine whether elements specific to MBCT lead to its salutary effects (Aim 1). Previous MBCT studies have largely relied on self-report measurement methodologies, limiting valid conclusions about the nature of MBCT. Further, few studies have examined the mechanisms underlying effects of MBCT on depressive symptoms and relapse. Theoretical considerations and preliminary empirical evidence suggest emotional, physiological, and cognitive functioning to be promising mechanisms of MBCT. Therefore, the investigators propose to assess each of these potential mechanisms of MBCT using self-report, autonomic physiological, and reaction time tasks (Aim 2). Collectively, these aims are expected to strengthen the evidence base for MBCT while cultivating a scientific model for its effects and mechanisms on decreasing depressive symptoms and depression relapse rates.
To evaluate the efficacy and safety of weekly administered combination of docetaxel/cisplatin and docetaxel/oxaliplatin in chemotherapy-naïve patients with advanced gastric cancer. The primary endpoint will be the response rate.
Investigate the treatment result of KTP laser nasopharyngectomy in recurrent NPC patients