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Subjects with recurrent glioblastoma who are candidates for bevacizumab treatment according to standard of care will be eligible for this study. Positron emission tomography (PET/CT) imaging will use the investigational radiotracer [18F]FMISO to image the brain and evaluate for hypoxia pre and post therapy.. Subjects will also undergo up to three Brain MRIs.
This research study is studying a new schedule of radiation therapy for recurrent glioblastoma as a possible treatment for this diagnosis. This radiation schedule is based on a new model for radiation resistance in glioblastoma. The name of the radiation schedule involved in this study is: - Re-irradiation for glioblastoma using a novel Mathematical Model-Adapted Radiation Fractionation Schedule
This phase I trial studies how well [18F]DASA-23 and positron emission tomography (PET) scan work in evaluating pyruvate kinase M2 (PKM2) expression in patients with intracranial tumors or recurrent glioblastoma and healthy volunteers. PKM2 regulates brain tumor metabolism, a key factor in glioblastoma growth. [18F]DASA-23 is a radioactive substance with the ability to monitor PKM2 activity. A PET scan is a procedure in which a small amount of a radioactive substance, such as [18F]DASA-23, is injected into a vein, and a scanner is used to make detailed, computerized pictures of areas inside the body where the substance is used. Tumor cells usually pick up more of these radioactive substances, allowing them to be found. Giving [18F]DASA-23 with a PET scan may help doctors evaluate PKM2 expression in healthy volunteers and in participants with intracranial tumors or recurrent glioblastoma.
Phase II trial in which participants with bevacizumab-naïve, recurrent glioblastoma will receive a combination of tumor treating fields(portable device), nivolumab with or without ipilimumab.
The study will investigate combined radiotherapy and immunotherapy on recurrent glioblastoma(GBM). Immune adjuvants will be injected intratumorally and systemically to induce antitumor-specific immunity after radiation induced immunological tumor cell death (ICD). With radiation, tumor cells release tumor antigens that are captured by antigen presenting dendritic cells. Immune adjuvants promote the presentation of tumor antigens and the priming of antitumor T lymphocytes. The combined treatment induces and amplifies the specific antitumor immunity in recurrent GBM patients, prolonging survivals for GBM patients.
This pilot early phase I trial studies the side effects of vaccine therapy and cytokine-induced killer cells in treating patients with glioblastoma that has come back. Vaccines made from a person's white blood cells mixed with tumor proteins from another person's glioblastoma tumors may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells. Cytokine-induced killer cells are white blood cells with a powerful ability to kill tumor cells without any further modification. Giving vaccine therapy and cytokine-induced killer cells may work better in treating patients with glioblastoma.
Malignant primary brain tumors account for more human deaths than melanoma or cancer of the bladder or kidney. The non-specific nature of conventional therapy for brain tumors often results in incapacitating damage to surrounding normal brain and systemic tissue. Thus, in order to reduce off-site effects and be more effective, therapeutic strategies will have to target tumor cells precisely while minimizing collateral damage to the neighboring cerebral cortex. The goal of this protocol is to transfer autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) transduced with genes encoding a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) that recognizes epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) tumor-specific antigen into patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The CAR used will be targeted to a tumor-specific mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFRvIII, which is expressed on a subset of patients. Normal PBMCs derived from patients with GBM will be genetically engineered with a viral vector encoding the CAR and infused directly into the patient's tumor with the aim of mediating regression of their tumors. Despite our CAR being targeted to a tumor specific antigen, given the prior toxicity using CARs that were not targeted to tumor-specific antigens, the investigators have elected to begin with very low doses of cells.
This is a study to determine the efficacy, safety and clinical benefit (how well the drugs works), of the pharmaceutical compositions in Nasal Spray NST-4G for the treatment of brain tumors( Recurrent Glioblastoma, Gliosarcoma,Anaplastic Gliomas, Previously Treated). All drugs target the inhibition of the growth factors and neo-angiogenesis as one the main reasons for the growth of the tumor. The purpose of the Nasal Spray NST-4G study is to determine the safety and tolerability in order to establish the best dose level to be used in future studies.
This phase II trial studies how well HIF-2 alpha inhibitor PT2385 works in treating patients with recurrent glioblastoma. HIF-2 alpha inhibitor PT2385 may stop the growth of tumor cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth.
This phase II trial studies how well dynamic susceptibility contrast-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (DSC-MRI) works in measuring relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) for early response to bevacizumab in patients with glioblastoma that has come back. DSC-MRI may help evaluate changes in the blood vessels within the cancer to determine a patient?s response to treatment.