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This study will test an investigational drug called AZD1390 in combination with radiation therapy for the treatment of brain tumors. This is the first time AZD1390 is being given to patients. This study will test safety, tolerability and PK (how the drug is absorbed, distributed and eliminated) of ascending doses of AZD1390 in combination with distinct regimens of radiation therapy.
Malignant primary brain tumors account for more human deaths than melanoma or cancer of the bladder or kidney. The non-specific nature of conventional therapy for brain tumors often results in incapacitating damage to surrounding normal brain and systemic tissue. Thus, in order to reduce off-site effects and be more effective, therapeutic strategies will have to target tumor cells precisely while minimizing collateral damage to the neighboring cerebral cortex. The goal of this protocol is to transfer autologous peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) transduced with genes encoding a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) that recognizes epidermal growth factor receptor variant III (EGFRvIII) tumor-specific antigen into patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) following stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). The CAR used will be targeted to a tumor-specific mutation of the epidermal growth factor receptor, EGFRvIII, which is expressed on a subset of patients. Normal PBMCs derived from patients with GBM will be genetically engineered with a viral vector encoding the CAR and infused directly into the patient's tumor with the aim of mediating regression of their tumors. Despite our CAR being targeted to a tumor specific antigen, given the prior toxicity using CARs that were not targeted to tumor-specific antigens, the investigators have elected to begin with very low doses of cells.
To determine the safety and tolerability of the maximum dose for laboratory engineered Herpes Simplex Virus-1 in patients who would not be eligible for surgical resection of recurrent glioma To determine the safety and tolerability of the maximum dose for laboratory engineered Herpes Simples Virus-1 in patients who would benefit from surgical resection of recurrent glioma
This is a multi-center, phase Ib/ II study (two parts) with patients that had recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. The first part (phase Ib) was to investigate the maximum tolerated dose/Recommended phase ll dose (MTD/RP2D) of once daily buparlisib in combination with every-three-week carboplatin or buparlisib once daily in combination with every-six-week lomustine (CCNU) using a Bayesian model. Once MTD/ RP2D is established in either of the 2 arms, the corresponding phase II portion of the study was to start. Phase II was to assess the treatment effect of buparlisib in combination with carboplatin in terms of Progression Free Survival (PFS) and was to compare the treatment effect of buparlisib with lomustine versus lomustine plus placebo in terms of PFS.
This is a non-randomized, concurrent control study, designed to confirm that the efficacy of the NovoTTF-100A System in patients with recurrent GBM treated in a real life settings following approval is comparable to that of BSC chemotherapy patients. The device is a portable, battery operated device that was approved for the treatment of adult patients (22 years of age or older) with histologically-confirmed glioblastoma multiforme (GBM), following histologically- or radiologically-confirmed recurrence in the supra-tentorial region of the brain after receiving chemotherapy. The device is intended to be used as a monotherapy, and is intended as an alternative to standard medical therapy for GBM after surgical and radiation options have been exhausted.
It has been shown that bevacizumab has significant anti-tumor activity in patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme. Vorinostat has modest anti-tumor activity against malignant glioma and can enhance the action of both chemotherapy and anti-angiogenics. Patients will be treated with a combination of bevacizumab and vorinostat.
The combination therapy of temozolomide and radiation has been established as the standard therapy for the initial treatment of glioblastoma. However, the prognosis for patients with recurrent/ refractory glioblastoma is dismal, with a median survival of 3~6 months. There is no efficient and standard care at the time of recurrence or progression following temozolomide administration. Recently, many clinicians have reassessed the efficacy of second-line chemotherapeutic agents such as nitrosoureas for the treatment of recurrent/refractory glioblastoma. It is very important that the effect of the agent is sustained and the adverse effect is reduced to preserve the quality of life in recurrent settings. We have realized that the clinical features of Korean patients are very different from those of foreign patients. Therefore, it is mandatory to develop the new strategy for the treatment of Korean patients. We modify the PCV chemotherapy in the dose and administration schedule of CCNU and procarbazine to reduce the side effect, especially hematologic problems. The dose of CCNU is reduced to 75mg/m2 and the interval between CCNU and procarbazine is increased. Moreover, vincristine is excluded because BBB permeability of vincristine is very poor and the risk of neurotoxicity is high. We introduce the modified PC chemotherapy regimen for the treatment of recurrent/refractory glioblastoma, which is the first multicenter trial for glioblastoma patients in Korea.
The purpose of this study is to determine the maximum dose of LDE225 and BKM120 that can be safely given together to patients and/or the dose that will be used in future studies. This study will also learn more about how the combination of these two investigational drugs may work for patients with certain cancers (specifically metastatic breast cancer, advanced pancreatic adenocarcinoma, metastatic colorectal cancer and recurrent glioblastoma multiforme).
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common primary brain tumor in adults. The treatment comprises maximal safe resection followed by radiotherapy and chemotherapy. Despite appropriate management, 90% of the patients will develop relapse or progression. After progression, the median survival is 5.2 months (Stupp, 2009). The treatment of GBM relapse remains investigational. Reirradiation is an option in selected cases. The objective of this study is to compare 2 schemes of stereotactic hypofractionated radiotherapy in the management of recurrent GBM.
Primary objective - to determine the 6-month progression free survival (PFS) of adult patients with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme/gliosarcoma treated with bi-weekly temozolomide plus (Avastin) bevacizumab. Secondary objectives - to determine radiographic response including specialized MRI sequences, safety and overall survival of adult patients with with recurrent glioblastoma multiforme/gliosarcoma treated with bi-weekly temozolomide plus bevacizumab (Avastin). Additionally, tumor DNA (MGMT) analysis as it relates to survival will be evaluated.