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This multi-center longitudinal study aims to compare the survival outcomes (including overall survival, progression-free survival and disease-free survival between uterine cervical patients receiving different surgical routes (vaginal, laparotomy and laparoscopy), which is the primary study objective. All clinical and pathological data would be retracted from case reviews, and all survival data would be reached by clinic, telephone and mail follow-up. This study also would analyze the impact on survival outcomes of other factors, including nerve-sparing techniques, neoadjuvant chemotherapy, neoadjuvant radiotherapy and infection of human papillomavirus. The predictive effects of different following protocol and imaging plans will be also compared. Last, the influences of surgical routes on the fertility outcomes (pregnancy and its complications) and the ovarian reserve are important secondary study objectives.
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is the most common cause of neurological disability in young adults. Relapsing Remitting Multiple Sclerosis (RRMS) is the most frequent form of MS at the time of diagnosis characterised by relapses, followed by remission. Relapses can result in a sudden change in physical or cognitive symptoms, often impacting a person's ability to function with family, friends and work. The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) Clinical Guidelines for MS recommend encouraging people with MS to exercise regularly but does not provide specific advice on whether exercise should be undertaken during a relapse. Despite the wealth of literature documenting the benefits of exercise for people with MS insufficient evidence exists about exercise during relapse. Research has improved our understanding of what helps people with MS to be physically active and difficulties people encounter but has not provided evidence for how this is affected by a relapse. The aim of this study is to understand the attitudes of people with MS to physical activity following relapse, including factors that help them to be active and barriers to physical activity. The information gathered will be useful to inform future research and guide the advice health professionals may offer. Fifteen adults with RRMS who have had a relapse in the preceding 3-4 months will be recruited if their Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS) is <7 (EDSS scale is used to quantify disability in MS and monitor changes in the level of disability over time) and they agree to being audio -recorded at interviews. The recruitment will take place at the weekly MS relapse clinic at a hospital in London, UK. Participants will be asked to complete two questionnaires (Patient Determined Disease Steps and the International Physical Activity Questionnaire), answer demographic questions and spend one hour being interviewed by a researcher. It is anticipated the recruitment and interviews be carried out by March 2019.
This study addresses the unmet medical problem of insufficient treatment of late life depression (LLD). Compared with depression in early adulthood, treatment options of LLD are limited. This trial is the first confirmatory multicentre study to test the efficacy of an LLD-adapted cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) program. It will test the hypothesis, that LLD-specific cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is superior to unspecific supportive intervention (SUI) with regard to reducing symptoms of depression over the course of 6 months. Secondary goals are to test the efficacy of LLD-CBT in comparison with SUI on patient reported outcome in major depressive disorders (PRO-MDD), anxiety, cognition, quality of life, overall health status, sleep and global clinical impression.
Currently, adjuvant therapy is not recommended for patients with esophageal squamous cell carcinoma who received radical surgery. However, the recurrence rate is as high as 23.8%-58%, and the median time-to-recurrence is about 10.5 months. In patients who had residual tumor after surgery, evidence lacks for chemoradiation. The aim of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of chemoradiation therapy in patients with recurrences after radical surgery or palliative surgery.
The study aims to compare the effects of chemoradiation versus radical surgery in treating retro-peritoneal or para-aortic lymph node metastasis in colorectal cancer. By prolonging patients' progression-free survival, local control rate and overall survival, investigators can conclude the best regimen for colorectal cancer patients.
The real-world study was designed to explore recurrence/metastases of the patients with non-small cell lung cancer as measured by patient survivals and the impact factors of patient survivals.
The goal of this study is to evaluate whether the use of a bone graft substitute at the osteotomy site will result in better stability and diminish early relapse after mandibular lengthening surgery. The study focuses on the evaluation of the following hypothesis: The use of bone graft substitute at the osteotomy site has an influence on: - The 3-dimensional stability of the osteotomy site - Early relapse based in the plasticity of the site
This research is being done to test if it is safe to give nivolumab with targeted immunotherapy drugs for recurrent glioblastoma (GBM), a type of brain tumor. The study doctors believe that giving immunotherapy drugs that match the biomarkers in a tumor will help the immune system fight the tumor. Tumor tissue collected during surgery will be tested for certain biomarkers to determine which immunotherapy might best target the tumor. The combination immunotherapy arms include: Arm A: Nivolumab + anti-GITR Arm B: Nivolumab + IDO1 inhibitor Arm C: Nivolumab + Ipilimumab
To compare the sensitivity and specificity estimates of Colvera with that of a commercially available CEA test for detection of recurrent disease in CRC subjects who are undergoing surveillance for recurrence.
This is a pragmatic, multi-center, non-interventional, non-randomized prospective observational study.