View clinical trials related to Post-Operative Nausea and Vomiting.Filter by:
Bariatric surgery remains the most effective therapy for obesity. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are commonly reported following bariatric surgery. The proposed study focuses on the most common bariatric procedure performed, laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG), and aims to assess the effect of a post-operative nausea and vomiting-specific intervention. The investigators hypothesize that the intervention group will experience a reduction of nausea-related prolonged hospital stay and significantly improve patient-reported quality of recovery from surgery and quality of life.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of preoperative carbohydrate rich drinks on postoperative nausea and vomiting in total knee arthroplasty. This is a prospective, double blinded, randomized controlled trial.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a distressing adverse effect that may result in postoperative complications including bleeding, wound dehiscence, aspiration pneumonitis, as well as fluid and electrolyte imbalances Incidence of PONV after general anesthesia is about 30% in all post-surgical patients but up to 80% in high-risk patients despite advances in anesthetics and anesthesia techniques
The aim is to evaluate the effectiveness of three different regimens of prophylactic ondansetron on the incidence and severity of post-operative nausea and vomiting.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting is defined as any nausea, retching, or vomiting occurring during the first 24-48 h after surgery in inpatients. Postoperative nausea and vomiting is one of the most common causes of patient dissatisfaction after anesthesia, with reported incidences of 30% in all post-surgical patients and up to 80% in high-risk patients. In addition, postoperative nausea and vomiting is regularly rated in preoperative surveys, as the anesthesia outcome the patient would most like to avoid. While suture dehiscence, aspiration of gastric contents, esophageal rupture, and other serious complications associated with postoperative nausea and vomiting are rare, nausea and vomiting is still an unpleasant and all-too-common postoperative morbidity that can delay patient discharge from the post-anesthesia care unit and increase unanticipated hospital admissions in outpatients.
Open-label, non-randomised, single dose study in 6 healthy male subjects to assess the mass balance recovery, metabolite profile, metabolite identification and pharmacokinetics of 14C-labelled APD421
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn if light electrical stimulation to the wrist area during surgery is feasible in women having breast surgery.
Currently nearly 70% or more surgeries are being done as ambulatory (day care) procedures as they offer significant benefit to the patients as well as to the hospitals. Inadequate pain relief (30%-40%) and nausea-vomiting form the leading factors affecting the quality of care and hence its efficiency. Opioids form the primary modality to treat moderate to severe pain, but can also cause significant nausea-vomiting and other side effects. Although hydromorphone is five times more potent than morphine, in equianalgesic doses they both could provide similar pain relief. They both exert no ceiling effect for their analgesia, and hence incomplete or inadequate analgesia is related to the appearance of side effects. In this study the investigators shall assess the proportion of patients who satisfy the outcome of 'satisfactory analgesia with minimal nausea-vomiting' in ambulatory surgeries, assessed at 2 hours after surgery. Patients would be randomized to receive either morphine or hydromorphone in the surgical recovery area. All personnel involved with the study would be blinded. The investigators will also look to assess the time to discharge and other side effects. This will help to choose the better drug, thereby improving pain relief and side effects, and also the efficiency of health care delivery.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a single dose of IV acetaminophen can improve post-operative pain, nausea, and vomiting in the outpatient setting. Patient satisfaction, time to readiness of discharge, and the amount of opiates post operatively will also be measured.
Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) is a common and distressing complication in patients undergoing general anesthesia. However, although 5-hydroxytryptamine type 3 (5-HT3) receptor antagonists have significantly reduced PONV, it is reported that over 35% of patients treated with ondansetron experience PONV. Though the cause of failure in ondansetron treatment is not clear, the investigators assumed that polymorphism in the 5-HT3 receptor gene would contribute to such inter-individual variation. In this study, the investigators examine whether the polymorphisms of 5-HT3 receptor gene affect the efficacy of ondansetron to prevent PONV in patients undergoing general anesthesia for laparoscopic surgery.