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The goal of the current study is to combine existing and new tools for quantifying patient self-report to characterize changes in acute pain. The ability to quantitatively measure self-report provides behavioral pain phenotypes that can serve as the basis for clustering patients into sub-groups based on their self-report of their symptoms, eliminating observer based perceptions of patients' pain.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate post-op pain requirements in patients undergoing hip or knee replacement surgery who perioperatively receive either Oral acetaminophen or IV acetaminophen
Narcotics are widely used as the mainstay of pain treatment, although increasing doses are required over time as the individual becomes tolerant to their effects. This can lead to the development of dependence and abuse of these drugs. Research has identified a new way to decrease the risk of developing tolerance to narcotics, by giving at the same time a drug called rotigotine ("Neupro"). Rotigotine interferes with the body's chemical dopamine and is FDA-approved for the management of Parkinson's Disease. The purpose of this research study is to look at side effects and pain control in healthy people after removal of wisdom teeth, which usually causes pain. It is thought that by giving the study drug rotigotine with the narcotic pain reliever, there will be pain control that will extend longer than when giving the narcotic alone.
The purpose of this study is that an adductor canal nerve block (putting numbing medicine near the nerve) has been shown to produce excellent pain relief with less pain medication use after knee replacement surgery.The investigators will be comparing the amount of pain relief following knee replacement surgery when you have a nerve block in place. There will be approximately 66 subjects participating in this study. After surgery subjects will receive numbing medication every 6 hours for 48 hours. Subjects will also receive a morphine PCA (patient controlled analgesia) after surgery and pain medication by mouth every 4 hours around the clock with the option to receive more pain medication if needed. Subjects will participate in the study up to 3 days.