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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study is to assess efficacy and safety of a single low-dose Primaquine added to standard artemether/lumefantrine treatment for the clearance of Plasmodium falciparum gametocytes among patients with uncomplicated malaria aged 1 year and above regardless of their G6PD status.


Clinical Trial Description

The current gained successes in malaria control are accredited partly to the availability of efficacious and fast acting artemisinins which are also potent against P. falciparum young gametocytes. Nonetheless, mature gametocytes may persist after treatment, contributing to malaria transmission. Conversely, artemisinin resistance is confirmed in South-east Asia, and it may spread to Africa. New control tools have to be integrated to sustain the gained successes, further reduce transmission and curb the spread of resistance.

Primaquine has strong gametocytocidal effect against mature gametocytes and when added to schizonticidal drugs such as artemether-lumefantrine (AL), it rapidly shorten gametocytes carriage duration, halting disease transmission. Nonetheless, its wide scale use has been hampered by a dose-dependent acute hemolytic anemia it causes in glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficient individuals. Conversely, Artemisinins potentiate primaquine activities, thus a low dose of primaquine would be able to clear falciparum gametocytes.

The World Health Organization recommends addition of 0.25 mg/kg single-dose primaquine to Artemisinin based combination therapies in malaria endemic areas including Africa without testing for G6PD status. Nonetheless, the recommendation, relies on historical data from South-East Asia and among African Americans in the United States. Therefore, this study plans to assess safety and efficacy of 0.25 mg/kg single-dose primaquine added to a standard AL treatment against P. falciparum gametocytes clearance among patients with uncomplicated malaria aged 1 year and above regardless of their G6PD status.. ;


Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Subject), Primary Purpose: Prevention


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT02090036
Study type Interventional
Source Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences
Contact
Status Completed
Phase Phase 4
Start date July 2014
Completion date November 2014

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