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The Quebec Family Study (QFS) is an observational study that was planned to investigate the role of genetic factors in physical fitness, body composition, risk factors for common disease and health-related behaviour.
"The First Twenty (TF20) Exercise Training Program and Fire Academy Recruits' Fitness and Health" was thesis research completed in the Functional Intensity Training Laboratory (FIT Lab) at Kansas State University. The purpose was to assess the performance outcomes, acceptability, feasibility, and preliminary efficacy of an innovative 14-week Firefighter Fitness and Wellness Program. This study explored if TF20 program was a valid preparatory program for fire academy recruits training for the physical job of a firefighter compared to standard care of taking a college fitness class. It was hypothesized that TF20 group would see greater fitness improvements than the comparison group, the training program would be acceptable and feasible, and that TF20 group would report higher levels of group cohesion.
Among the possibilities of intervention to minimize the effects of cancer treatment, the exercises are efficient in improving the physical fitness and quality of life of the elderly in treatment. The goal is to compare the effects of two home physical exercise protocols on quality of life and physical fitness of elderly people with breast cancer who are in hormone use. A study was carried out at the Institute of Integral Medicine Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP) within the Professional Master Program in Palliative Care Associated with the Residency Program in Health, which evaluated the effectiveness of a protocol of 29 exercises with walking sessions, performed at home , In the quality of life and physical fitness of the elderly in the treatment of breast cancer. The results of the mentioned research showed that the elderly showed improvement both in quality of life and physical fitness. In view of the results and the clinical and functional kinetic observation of these patients, the hypothesis was that a shorter intervention protocol, with fewer exercises with fewer repetitions and a lower degree of difficulty can bring results similar to those found, requiring a shorter time In the accomplishment of the exercises, which can favor the adherence to the protocol by the patients, still achieving positive results in their quality of life and physical fitness. The elderly will undergo evaluations to characterize the sample through questionnaires, the physical fitness assessment will be performed through the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) and anthropometric evaluation before (beginning of the research), in the 6th week and after the 12th week of the research. It will be offered the elderly, instructional material developed for this research - printed manual. It will consist of a routine of 12 exercises to be performed autonomously for range of motion and muscular fitness, using the environmental resources of the home. All control and training guidelines for using the manual will be offered through an introductory lecture and subsequent weekly telephone contacts (twice a week). Participants should complete their respective program for a total period of 12 weeks and mark in the manual how often they performed the exercises. The control group used a protocol with 29 home exercises in a longer manual. The results will be obtained from the statistical package SPSS 10.0 for Windows and a p <0.05 will be accepted.
Technological advances and non-invasive techniques to modulate brain function have been developed, including transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Basically, electrodes are placed on the brain regions to stimulate or inhibit it. Subsequently, a continuous electrical current (0.4-2 mA) is imposed, for a period of 3-20 minutes, to modify cortical excitability. Few are the research groups that work on the topic of primary dysmenorrhea and the use of tDCS as the focus of study. Preliminary studies associated the use of tDCS with pain reduction, but the outcomes of physical and behavioral function needs further investigation.
Despite recommends that school-based interventions use a comprehensive approach for health promotions; most fitness programs exclusively emphasize physical activity. This study compared the comprehensive Translational Health in Nutrition and Kinesiology (THINK) program to a traditional YMCA program (The Sports, Play, and Active Recreation for Kids (SPARK) fitness curriculum) on measures of physical fitness, body composition, and executive cognitive function outcomes among 105 ethnic minority children (9±1.03 years old) following a 10-week intervention period.
The main purpose of this study is to analyse the effect of a multicomponent intervention, applied during one scholar semester, on body composition, strength, flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness, lipid and metabolic profile, and body image of students from sixth to ninth grade. This is a non-randomized controlled design. Approximately 568 schoolchildren of grades sixth through ninth were recruited from 2 public secondary schools in Florianópolis, Brazil. The main component of the intervention entitled "MEXA-SE" (move yourself) consisted of the implementation of three physical education classes per week with aerobic exercises, strength and flexibility activities. In addition, play activities in school recess, and educational activities on physical activity, sedentary behaviour, eating habits and body image were performed. Data collection was performed before and immediately after 14 weeks of intervention. The primary outcomes included the body composition, strength, flexibility, cardiorespiratory fitness, lipid and metabolic profile, and body image. Other variables included were: physical activity level, sedentary behaviour, and blood pressure level. Other components of the lifestyle (e.g., eating habits), psychological (e.g., self-rated health) also were evaluated in the participants. Descriptive analysis, two-way ANOVA for mixed models and ANCOVA will be applied for within and between comparison groups, if the premises of this test are met. The level of significance for the study was 5% for two-tailed tests.
The purpose of this study is to compare the physical fitness performance—as measured by the Air Force Physical Fitness Test (PFT)—of subjects that, in conjunction with exercise, will take creatine supplementation over a four week period versus those that do not.
The purpose of the study is to determine the effect of whole-body vibration (WBV) on body composition, physical fitness, and quality of life.
Several studies have shown a high association between physical fitness and present and future health. Two of the main epidemics of the industrialized world are obesity and osteoporosis, diseases that could be prevented with early interventions from childhood. Both, physical activity and physical fitness have shown an association with these diseases, but tools for assessing them in early ages are still in development. Moreover, there is a lack of physical fitness reference values in preschool children and the relation of pathologies with physical fitness in these ages is still to be demonstrated. Therefore, through a simple and precise methodology displayed in the school and adapted for the younger we intend to: Provide a combination of safe and precise field tests to evaluate health related physical fitness in preschool children. Analyze body composition, risk of overweight, obesity and low mineral density and their relation with physical activity. The evaluation of these health-related physical fitness variables in early ages is of great interest to clinic and public health.
The number of turf fields has experienced an important increase in public and private facilities during the last years. This artificial surface will be predominant in any soccer field in the next years. Among turf fields there are many different types depending on their construction characteristics (with and without asphalted base, elastic base, rubber filling, etc.). Officially all types of artificial turfs should have similar stability and impact absorption characteristics. On the other hand there is a great variety of soccer-boots, especially for youth soccer players, similar to the football stars. Many evidences support the fact that when a person exercises many different type of impacts-stimulus are necessary in order to stimulate bone and skeletal muscle systems. However, it is not known yet whether this effect can be extended or shortened depending on the type of artificial surface and soccer-boots used, or even more whether it could be more or less dangerous and/or provoke injuries/disagreement among the users. Little information is available in youth soccer player pointing in the same direction but still controversial. Furthermore, bone strength do not only depends on bone mass but on bone structure and microarchitecture. The cross sectional area, cortex thickness or trabecular density are important aspects of bone health. There are few studies on the effect of interaction between turf field and soccer boots on bone architecture of youth soccer players. This information is relevant for present and future health of adolescents practicing football and for all the organizations promoting this sport. Due to the fact that turf fields are preferentially used by youth populations, it is important to know the real effects of the interaction between of different type of artificial surfaces and soccer boots on children bone mass development. Nowadays, there are no data and/or defined guidelines that can answer those unresolved questions, thus the main aim of the present project is to identify which turf field and soccer boots are the most adequate to optimize the acquisitions of bone mass in children soccer players.