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A critical problem facing aging adults is muscle weakness. Whereas scientists have traditionally attributed the loss of muscle strength with aging to muscle atrophy, emerging evidence suggests that impairments in the neuromuscular system's ability to voluntarily generate force plays a more central role than previously appreciated. One area that has not yet been investigated includes the role that observing another's actions ‒ thereby activating mirror neurons ‒ plays in muscle force generation. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to examine the acute effects of action observation on muscular strength, voluntary muscle activation, and cortical excitability and inhibition in older adults.
The study aim is to evaluate the ability to correctly contract pelvic floor muscle among physiotherapy students before and after "women health" course. Pelvic floor muscle contraction will be evaluated via transabdominal ultrasound.
The purpose of the research is to develop a new medical device prototype to restore functional movement of an arm made weak due to a chronic stroke
Spasticity - a variety of motor over-activity and part of the upper motor neuron syndrome - is a common cause of impaired motor function after brain injuries of different etiologies. In addition, it may cause pain and impaired hygiene, contractures, deformities etc. Spasticity has been reported in 30 to 90% of patients with stroke, traumatic brain injury (TBI), incomplete spinal cord injury (SCI) and cerebral palsy (CP). Spasticity therapy has emerged as an important approach to alleviate related symptoms. Positive effects on spasticity are well recognized following systemic and intra-thecal pharmacological treatment, as well as after intra-muscularly injected substances; the effect of the latter is, however, of limited duration. While pharmacological spasticity therapy has been applied for decades, surgical procedures remain fairly uncommon in adults with spasticity, but not in pediatric patients with CP, and outcomes after surgical treatment are scarcely described in the literature. The study center is a specialized unit initially focused on reconstructive as well as spasticity reducing surgery in the upper extremities for SCI patients. Subsequently, patients with spasticity also due to various other Central nervous system diseases have been referred to the center for surgical treatment. Studies describing the effect of spasticity-reducing surgery in the upper extremities are rare and the group is heterogeneous. The aim of the study is therefore to evaluate the results and compare against todays golden standard treatment (boutuliniumtoxin injections).
This is a Phase III clinical trial to compare the efficacy of two dosages of a new infant rehabilitation protocol - I-ACQUIRE - to usual and customary forms of infant rehabilitation in infants who experienced Perinatal Arterial Stroke (PAS).
Prospective, international, multi-center, open-labeled, randomized, controlled cross-over trial to evaluate effectiveness and benefits in patients with lower limb impairment in activities of daily living comparing the C-Brace microprocessor-controlled stance and swing orthosis to standard of care use of knee ankle foot orthosis/stance control orthoses
The aim of this study is to investigate which verbal instruction will lead to the most efficient contraction of pelvic floor muscles in post stroke patients. Pelvic floor muscle contraction will be evaluated via transabdominal ultrasound. ultrasound.
It is known that children with NF1 can have weak muscles and suffer from tiredness. It is also known that in similar conditions affecting children's muscles, standing on a vibration device for a few minutes each day can strengthen muscles and improve their ability to perform day-to-day activities. The investigators believe this vibrating platform can be used to strengthen the muscles of children with NF1 also, beyond standard exercises, and therefore allow them to perform day-to-day activities better, do more activity and feel less tired. If families are keen to take part in this study, the investigators will first need to check they are suitable for the trial. This will be based on the participant's age (6-16 years), their other medical problems that would affect use of the vibration device or tests to assess how effective it is, and their level of muscle weakness. Once families have agreed to take part, participants will be randomised either to receive a muscle-strengthening exercise session delivered by a physiotherapist that children with weak muscles should continue to perform daily for the next 6 months; or to receive a vibration device to take home and use for a few minutes 5 days a week for 6 months as well as the exercises. All participants will be invited to attend for a variety of activities and tests, just before starting the trial and 6 months later at the end of the trial to see if there is any benefit from the vibration device. The investigators will repeat these tests again 3 months later, to see if any benefits observed remain, even after the device is removed. They will involve jumping, hopping and balancing on a board, gripping a machine as hard and as long as possible, being fitted with a device that measures activity for 7 days, walking as far as possible for 6 minutes, scanning muscles using MRI, completing a tiredness and general well-being questionnaires, and parents completing a questionnaire of the participant's attention and intellect. The jumping will also be performed 3 months into the study, to see if there is any early improvement in this key test. All participants will be given full details of what the trial involves before taking part. As with any other trial, participants and their families are free to stop taking part at any time. Although the investigators do not anticipate any safety issues, if any do arise, the families will be asked to contact the trial team.
This study is a necessary and important step in the development of a new therapy for upper limb functional recovery in patients with severe motor impairment. It is the first clinical trial of non-invasive brain stimulation (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation or rTMS) delivered to excite the undamaged hemisphere (specifically the contralesional higher motor cortices or cHMC) in stroke. Therefore, this study will determine whether the positive results obtained in our short-term pilot study can be made to last longer and produce functional benefits in severe patients with the application of brain stimulation in combination with long-term rehabilitation therapy. Rehabilitation therapy administered is called contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation (CCFES). Determining whether combining rTMS facilitating the cHMC with CCFES produces synergistic gains in functional abilities in severe patients is necessary for acceptance by the clinical community and to move this technology toward commercialization and widespread dissemination. The proposed study will determine whether the combination of rTMS facilitating the cHMC with CCFES produces greater improvements in upper extremity function in severe participants who are ≥6 months from stroke onset than the combination of rTMS facilitating the damaged hemisphere (specifically the ipsilesional primary motor cortex, iM1) and CCFES or the combination of sham rTMS and CCFES. The secondary purposes are to define which patients benefit most from the treatments, which may inform future device and treatment development and clinical translation, and to explore what distinct effects the three treatments have on the brain. To accomplish these purposes, we are conducting a clinical trial that enrolls severe stroke patients.
This study will evaluate the feasibility of dual tDCS to improve arm motor function in chronic stroke patients. In addition it will collect pilot data on the blood biomarkers associated with treatment effect.