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Clinical Trial Summary

The experience of breastfeeding-related pain is common for postpartum women, but is not often anticipated as part of the postpartum experience. This feasibility randomized controlled trial aims to examine the effectiveness of a nurse-led educational intervention using anticipatory guidance among pregnant women wishing to breastfeed on breastfeeding outcomes, breastfeeding-related pain, and maternal satisfaction.


Clinical Trial Description

Despite the relative ubiquity of breastfeeding-related pain, exploratory studies suggest women are largely unprepared for breastfeeding-related pain in the early postpartum period [1-3]. In turn, postpartum women often experience an incongruence between how breastfeeding is idealized by Western society, and the reality of their early breastfeeding experiences. Furthermore, painful breastfeeding experiences serve to intensify this incongruity and may lead to disillusionment, feelings of negative self-worth and premature breastfeeding cessation [1,3]. As such, the overarching goals of this one-year project are to compare usual prenatal education to anticipatory guidance to: 1) examine the effectiveness of a breastfeeding education session using anticipatory guidance on breastfeeding outcomes and satisfaction during the postpartum period; and 2) test the feasibility of the methods and procedures needed for the successful implementation and validity of a full-scale randomized controlled trial (RCT). This one-year project has 5 objectives:

To fill a knowledge gap in nursing and allied health-related literature by examining the effect of a one-hour, nurse-led, breastfeeding education session using anticipatory guidance during pregnancy on: Objective 1: breastfeeding duration and exclusivity versus those receiving usual prenatal education; Objective 2: overall satisfaction with the educational experience versus those receiving usual prenatal education; Objective 3: breastfeeding self-efficacy and infant feeding attitudes; Objective 4: postpartum breastfeeding-related pain and; Objective 5: To determine if this intervention study protocol is practical (e.g., accrual rates, satisfaction, compliance, sample size) and to test the process, resources, management and scientific basis [4] for a future, full-scale RCT.

Forty pregnant women enrolled in prenatal classes provided by the Middlesex London Health Unit (MLHU) and who are intending to breastfeed will be enrolled in this feasibility randomized controlled trial.

Following ethics approval, interested pregnant women who have enrolled in/awaiting antenatal classes at the MLHU will contact the RA to discuss the study. Interested women will be screened for eligibility, and if eligible and consenting, baseline data will be collected. Participants will then be randomized to either intervention (n=20) or control group (n=20). Randomization will be achieved by using sealed, opaque, sequentially numbered envelopes containing randomly generated numbers, prepared by an RA external to the study. An RA will open the next sequentially numbered envelope and reveal the group allocation to the participant. The control group will receive usual antenatal education provided to all women who enroll in MLHU prenatal classes. The intervention group will receive an additional one-hour 'booster session' (by a perinatal RN) of antenatal education specifically focused on the postpartum experience of breastfeeding, including anticipatory guidance around breastfeeding-related pain, and management strategies. To control for contamination, women who have peers/family already in the study will be excluded. An emailed link to a follow-up questionnaire will be sent at 2 and 4 weeks postpartum to determine if they are breastfeeding or not, breastfeeding exclusivity, level of breastfeeding-related pain, breastfeeding self-efficacy, maternal attitudes toward infant feeding, and maternal satisfaction with antenatal education. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT03481166
Study type Interventional
Source Western University, Canada
Contact Kimberley T Jackson, PhD
Phone 519-661-2111
Email kim.jackson@uwo.ca
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date May 2018
Completion date October 2018

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