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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of the study to assess the diurnal rhythm in natriuretic peptide levels and its temporal relationship with nocturnal blood pressure in obese and African-American individuals as compared with lean and white individuals.


Clinical Trial Description

Obese and African-American individuals are at greater risk for cardiovascular morbidity and mortality than lean and white individuals. One of the key reasons for this health disparity is a higher risk of hypertension among obese and African-American individuals. The reasons for why these disparities develop are not well understood.

Natriuretic peptides are hormones produced by the heart and have a wide range of favorable cardiovascular effects such as natriuresis (sodium excretion), vasodilation, and direct inhibition of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Human studies showed the existence of 24-hour (diurnal) variations in the circulating natriuretic peptide levels.

Prior work from the investigators and others demonstrated that individuals with genetically-determined lower circulating natriuretic peptides levels have higher blood pressure and greater risk of hypertension. Further, the investigators have shown that obesity and African-American race are associated with lower natriuretic peptide levels, suggesting that relatively low natriuretic peptide levels may be a biologic determinant contributing to health disparities.

Obese and African-American individuals have a greater prevalence of nocturnal hypertension [nighttime blood pressure >120/80 mmHg], which is an independent risk factor for cardiovascular events. The underlying reasons for 24-hour variations in blood pressure are unknown.

The investigators hypothesize that loss of the natural 24-hour rhythm of natriuretic peptide levels plays a role in the development of nocturnal hypertension in obese and African-American individuals. The aims of this study are:

1. to examine whether there is a presence of a 24-hour rhythm in natriuretic peptide levels among normotensive obese and African-American individuals and whether there is a difference in the rhythmicity of natriuretic peptide levels between obese and lean as well as in African-Americans and whites;

2. to examine whether there is an existence of a relationship between 24-hour variability of natriuretic peptide levels and 24-hour patterns of blood pressure and whether this relationship of rhythmicity of natriuretic peptide levels and nocturnal blood pressure differed in obese and lean individuals and by race. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT03834168
Study type Interventional
Source University of Alabama at Birmingham
Contact Pankaj Arora, MD
Phone 205-996-6630
Email parora@uabmc.edu
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date April 1, 2019
Completion date March 31, 2024

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