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Clinical Trial Summary

The proposed project aims to pilot and adapt a scalable and sustainable interactive obesity treatment approach (iOTA) program for adults with serious mental illness (SMI). The project consists of 2 arms: the iOTA SMI arm and the Health Education Control Group arm. The investigators hypothesize that participants in the iOTA intervention group will show favorable change in BMI compared to participants in the Health Education Control group, and participants in the iOTA intervention group will show favorable change in self efficacy with respect to healthy eating and activity compared to those in the Health Education Control group.

Clinical Trial Description

Obesity is highly prevalent among chronically-treated individuals with severe mental illness (SMI), exceeding general population rates and contributing to type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease (CVD) and premature mortality. Behavioral interventions to reverse obesity in chronic SMI have shown limited effectiveness. There are currently no FDA-approved pharmacotherapies for obesity in SMI, and off-label pharmacotherapies used for weight loss are associated with limited effectiveness or serious adverse event risks. Prior obesity interventions for SMI have often been designed for delivery by existing community mental health center (CMHC) caseworkers/staff. However, mental health workers commonly perceive themselves as overworked and/or career-specialized for psychological rather than medical care, creating barriers to sustainable provider engagement.

Using a design-for-dissemination approach, initial development of the intervention under study incorporated trained health coaches using scalable, inexpensive technology to increase intervention engagement, effectiveness, sustainable reach and cost-effectiveness. Derived from the effective lifestyle intervention used in the Diabetes Prevention Program, the initial parent Interactive Obesity Treatment Approach (iOTA) intervention targets diet, activity and medication adherence, incorporating electronic (e.g., web-based) and interpersonal health coach support. That parent iOTA produces weight loss at 24 months in low-income, racially diverse, community health center populations with obesity, and became a platform for further adaptations of iOTA interventions for other populations and environments, targeting low-income populations with limited web and computer access. Using a formal evaluation process and implementation science framework, the parent iOTA intervention was subsequently adapted to low-income workplace environments, (the Working for You or WfY study, RO1 DK103760; PI: Evanoff) amplifying face-to-face health coach and peer interactions with interactive, semi-automated SMS text messaging, a highly utilized technology among low-income populations.

The investigators further adapted the WfY iOTA for use in adults with chronic SMI using Innovation Corps (I-Corps) methods. Created by the National Science Foundation (NSF) and supported by NIH (PA-18-314), I-Corps uses the Lean Launchpad approach developed by serial entrepreneurs at Stanford for translating academic innovation into practice. The emphasis is on immediate and iterative elicitation of stakeholder feedback via focus groups or short interviews. Using stakeholder input, investigators revise assumptions and hypotheses, testing redesigned offerings and making adjustments to ideas that are not working. In conducting our interviews, we identified "customer" specific (e.g. client, clinician and administrator) barriers to implementation of an un-adapted iOTA in mental health treatment centers. Themes that consistently emerged were concern about limited human resources and added work burden not directly related to the mental health of clients, while clients expressed a desire for more in-person and telephonic coaching time, in addition to text messaging.

Now, the investigators propose to use an overarching treatment adaptation framework18 to further refine our treatment to be more readily implementable for individuals with chronic SMI treated in the CMHC setting. Reproducible adaptation of effective interventions to new target populations and settings requires a formal evaluation process and an implementation science framework. Our overarching aim for this application is to pilot and iteratively adapt a scalable and sustainable iOTA for adults with SMI, planning for future effectiveness testing in a well-powered randomized controlled trial (RCT), and eventual large scale dissemination and implementation.

Aim 1: Conduct a randomized pilot and feasibility study of iOTA-SMI in a diverse sample of adults with chronic SMI, comparing iOTA-SMI to a health education control condition. iOTA-SMI will be piloted in a representative sample of 40 adults ages 18-60 with SMI, randomizing participants 2:1 to 16 weeks of iOTA-SMI versus monthly health education. We hypothesize favorable differences in BMI for iOTA-SMI compared to control. Secondary analyses will assess iOTA effects on health self-efficacy, exploring the relationship between effects on Body Mass Index (BMI) and the target mechanism.

Aim 2: Evaluate feasibility and acceptability of iOTA implementation, making iterative adaptations based on data collected during the pilot. Feasibility, engagement and implementation challenges will be characterized, measured by i) enrollment and retention, ii) obesity intervention acceptability, iii) text response rates, iv) visit adherence v) client expectations, vi) fidelity and vii) CMHC staff-rated acceptability, appropriateness and burden. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03695289
Study type Interventional
Source Washington University School of Medicine
Contact Amanda Ricchio
Phone 314-362-5939
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date July 5, 2018
Completion date June 30, 2019

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