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NCT number NCT03354169
Study type Interventional
Source University of Pennsylvania
Contact Madelyn Ruggieri, MS
Phone 215-573-5502
Email mrugg@pennmedicine.upenn.edu
Status Recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date December 1, 2017
Completion date September 14, 2022

Clinical Trial Summary

The randomized, cross-over design study is designed to determine how timing of eating affects weight, adiposity, energy metabolism, and gene expression. Obese participants will be provided isocaloric meals and snacks to be consumed in one of two prescribed eating conditions -- daytime eating and delayed eating.


Clinical Trial Description

The study consists of the following phases - screening, assessment visit 1, eating condition 1, assessment visit 2, a wash-out period, assessment visit 3, eating condition 2 and assessment visit 4, as discussed in detail below. The assessment visits will all consist of the same procedures and will take place at the Center for Human Phenomic Science (CHPS) of the Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania before and after each of the eating conditions (four times total). The four 28-hour inpatient assessments will consist of blood draws, adipose (fat) tissue sampling, a dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) scan, and a resting metabolic rate test.

During the screening period in order to determine eligibility, participants must complete a 2-part screening visit; This includes:

1. A complete physical examination

2. Tests of blood to screen for any conditions such as diabetes or any serious, uncontrolled medical condition that may interfere with participation in the study.

3. An Electrocardiogram (EKG) test

4. Urine Pregnancy Test

5. Urine Drug Screening

6. the completion of several self-report questionnaires and structured interviews

During the screening period, participants will also be asked to keep a 10-day food log where they will record all food and beverages consumed and their sleep and exercise schedule. Participants will be asked to wear an Actigraph wrist watch at this time.

Following successful completion of the screening period, participants will complete the first of 4 assessment visits. All assessment visits will follow the same protocol.

Assessment Visit Day 1 Procedures:

The visit will include 28 hours (overnight) spent at the CHPS, where meals and snacks will be provided. At each of the assessment visits participants will be given a urine drug screening and, if appropriate, a pregnancy test. The lights will be dim in the hospital room to control for light.

Participants will arrive at 7:00 am. Starting at 8:00 am, blood will be drawn every four hours. From this blood gene expression and hormones related to metabolism, eating, and sleep will be measured.

Following the first blood draw, resting metabolic rate is measured for 45 minutes. Lunch is then provided, followed by a measurement of body composition using a DEXA scan. Next, the adipose tissue sampling procedure will begin.

Participants will be provided meals and snacks during their visit and are free to watch television or participate in other sedentary pastimes while they are there.

Assessment Visit Day 2 Procedures:

After an overnight fast, participants will undergo the Frequently Sampled Intravenous Glucose Tolerance Test (FSIGT) on the morning of day 2.

Following the FSIGT test, participants will be served a meal and during the first assessment visit, participants will be randomly assigned to start with one of two eating conditions for the next 8 weeks: 1) Daytime or 2) Delayed. Following randomization, participants will be discharged from CHPS and begin eating condition 1.

If participants are assigned to the daytime eating condition first, they will be asked to consume all of their meals and snacks each day between 8:00 am and 7:00 pm. If they are assigned to the delayed eating condition first, they will be asked to consume all of their meals and snacks between 12 noon and 11:00 pm each day. Participants will eat on this schedule for 8 weeks. During the two, 8-week eating periods, all of the meals and snacks will be provided by the research kitchen. During the eating conditions, participants will be asked to complete daily self-report queries concerning their adherence to the food, sleep, and physical activity requirements of the study.

Following eating condition 1, participants will return for assessment visit 2. This assessment visit follows the same procedures as all other assessment visits. Following assessment visit 2, participants will begin their 2 week washout period where they are instructed to eat as they normally would whenever they like. Following the two-week washout period, participants will return for assessment visit 3, after which they will begin eating condition 2. Following 8 weeks of eating condition 2 participants will return for their final visit, assessment visit 4. After this final assessment, participation in the study will be complete.


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


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