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Clinical Trial Summary

Obesity is a wide reaching problem in the United Kingdom (UK). The most widely used obesity therapies are based around drugs that reduce dietary fat digestion, and thereby reduce uptake of calories from the diet. While such therapies have proved effective, patient compliance is low due to the unwanted gastrointestinal side effects of these drugs. Dietary fibre is generally classified as dietary material of plant origin that is indigestible to humans. Dietary fibre is in fact a wide range of different compounds that have varied effects on the human body. Initial findings from our laboratory suggest that types of fibre from seaweeds (alginates) can greatly reduce the rate that fat is digested in the laboratory. Our studies have identified which types of fibre are the most effective and our aim is to test whether this reduction in fat digestion is the same within the human body. This will be carried out by sampling the digestive fluid from 40 ileostomy patients over a five hour period following a test meal with and without dietary fibres. All study participants will be provided with test foods specially prepared containing the dietary fibres (e.g. in bread). We will collect data from the participants on what they have eaten and how hungry they feel.

Clinical Trial Description

Obesity is a rapidly growing health concern in the Western world. Modifications to diet and lifestyle have been shown to benefit weight loss and weight management, but are often difficult for people to adhere to over a long period. Pharmacological treatments (such as Orlistat the most commonly used anti-obesity drug in the UK) also benefit weight loss, but are expensive to the National Health Service (NHS), and patients often stop taking them due to unwanted gastrointestinal side effect such as diarrhoea and incontinence. Orlistat acts by reducing absorption of dietary fat. Dietary fibre is a term used to describe a divergent range of indigestible compounds of plant origin consumed in the diet that have varied effects on the human body. Recent studies have shown that some types of seaweed dietary fibre (alginates) may act to reduce the rate of fat digestion under similar conditions to the human gut. These fibres have also been easily incorporated into loaves of bread by a local bakers, and were also noted to produce a better tasting product with an increased shelf life. People who tasted the bread were unable to tell it apart from a normal white loaf. Alongside the other better characterised benefits of dietary fibre consumption, such as reduced disease risk and better regularity, these dietary fibres may be an ideal candidate to include in a range of commonly eaten foods as a potential means of reducing dietary fat uptake, and thereby benefitting weight loss and weight maintenance. Within the investigators laboratory studies, assessments of which dietary fibre types are best at reducing fat absorption have been made. The aim is to test the proof of principal that this occurs in the human gut, and that foods incorporating these fibres are well-liked and do not cause unwanted gastrointestinal side effects in two separate participant based studies. This study will test whether the best candidate fibres from the investigators laboratory studies show the ability to reduce fat absorption rates in humans. To do this, the fluid leaving the small intestine of ileostomy patients will be analysed over a five hour period following ingestion of a test meal either with or without the best candidate fibres. Both the researchers and the participants will be blinded as to whether the particular meal the participant is consuming is the one with added fibre or not. The participants will then return at least seven days after the first test meal to consume the other test meal.

Up to 40 free-living adults will be recruited who have previously been through ileostomy surgery at least two years prior to recruitment. Participants will come to the Clinical Research Facility (CRF) and the Royal Victoria Infirmary (RVI) Newcastle for an induction visit, and two separate study visits, at least two weeks apart.

At the induction visit, participants will have a chance to ask the research team members any questions they may have on the study. The research staff member will describe what the participant will have to do within the study in full. A pack will be provided to the participant containing two standard meals and water, which the participant will be asked to consume the night before attending for their two study visits. Informed consent will also be taken at this visit.

Both study visits will be at the same time of day, and will be morning visits (starting 10am or before). The evening before each study visit, participants will consume the standard meal at a set time. The participant will then not have anything else to eat or drink until the study visit (we will provide participants with a bottle of water to drink on the morning of the visit, so that they stay hydrated). At each visit, participants will be provided with a set meal that includes additional dietary fat included (e.g. slices of toast with margarine). At one visit, participants will consume a standard meal, at the other they will consume the same meal with added dietary fibres. Neither the participant nor the researchers will know which meal they are receiving at each visit. These will be randomly labelled and allocated by an independent researcher (who will not have access to participant identifiable information). This type of study is referred to as a double-blind, placebo- controlled trial.

Participants will be asked to fill out questionnaires on their general well-being, abdominal pain and gut health, and feeling of fullness before and after the study meal (every 30 minutes) over a five hour period. At these 30 minute time- points, ileostomy effluent bags will be provided to the participant to replace. The collected effluent will be separated into small vials and anonymised by the researchers. This will then be frozen until it can be analysed later. These samples will be analysed for fat content, carbohydrate content and amount and activity of digestive enzymes and associated compounds (such as bile acids).

At consent, participants will be asked if they would be willing to provide blood samples during the study visits. If they are happy to do this, samples will be taken at hourly intervals over this five hour time period in order to assess the rate of appearance of fats and glucose into the bloodstream. Such samples will be analysed at an accredited Biochemistry laboratory within the hospital. Any results that fall outside of the normal ranges in initial fasting samples will be reported to participants and their General Practitioner (GP) immediately, and participants will be withdrawn from the study. The result of these fasting blood samples will also be sent to both GP and participants following their completion of the study. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03350958
Study type Interventional
Source Newcastle-upon-Tyne Hospitals NHS Trust
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date March 10, 2011
Completion date March 7, 2013

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