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C2-C4 compartment block compared to the Costaiola block, in the control of persistent postoperative pain (somatic and neuropathic) in patients undergoing carotid thromboendarterectomy
The purpose of this study was to compare the temperature changes of the upper extremities when using local anesthetic of various volume (4ml, 6ml, 8ml) in the ultrasound guided stellate ganglion block.
Neuropathic pain affects about 7% of the general population in European countries. Meta-analyses indicate that only a minority of neuropathic pain patients has adequate response to drug therapy and management of neuropathic pain is still an unmet medical need. New insights into the contribution of defined subtypes of GABAA receptors (GABAARs) to the different clinical effects of benzodiazepines, including analgesia, have suggested that α1-sparing selective benzodiazepines, such as N-desmethylclobazam (NDMC), may be a new realistic alternative for the treatment of neuropathic pain. Results from our previous study in healthy volunteers assessing the antihyperalgesic and sedative effects of benzodiazepines on a UVB-induced pain model of central sensitization showed that, at the time of maximum effect, clobazam and clonazepam antihyperalgesic effect was greater than placebo by respectively 15.7% (95% CI 0.8 - 30.5) and 28.6% (95% CI 4.5 - 52.6), p<0.05. Moreover difference in sedation (VAS), as compared to placebo, was only significant for clonazepam 26.3mm (95%CI 15.0-37.7), p<0.001. Our preclinical data also demonstrate that, in recombinant receptors, NDMC has a better α2- over α1GABAARs activity ratio than clobazam and diazepam. And, unlike diazepam, NDMC caused no or modest sedation at antihyperalgesic doses in two strains of wild-type mice. In addition NDMC α2/α1 in vitro activity profile and long term clinical experience from its marketed parent compound (clobazam) make it an advisable clinical candidate for further proof-of-concept assessments in human. Therefore the Geneva University Hospitals have manufactured a new chemical entity and initiated a drug development program for NDMC starting with this proof-of-concept phase 1b randomized double-blind crossover (4 arms) study that will assess the analgesic and sedative effects of NDMC 20mg and 60mg compared to clonazepam 1.5 mg or placebo on a UVB-induced erythema pain model in healthy volunteers.
Objective: To determine the effectiveness of balance training with Kinesthetic Ability Trainer 2000 (KAT 2000) in patients with peripheral neuropathic pain related balance disorder. Methods: A total of 60 patients who developed peripheral neuropathic pain-related balance impairment in the chronic phase due to lumber disc herniation, lumber spondylosis and gonarthrosis were included into this randomized controlled prospective study and randomized into either balance exercises groups or KAT 2000 exercises groups. Balance exercises were given all patients in Group 1 (n=30). In addition to balance exercises, KAT 2000 balance exercises were given all patients in group 2 (n=30). All patients received 45-min individualized training session for three times a week for 4 weeks. Patients were evaluated according to pain, static and dynamic balance and quality of life (QoL).
The purpose of this trial is to explore if a novel vagal neuromodulation approach provides analgesic benefit through central mechanisms in patients with chronic pancreatitis
Chronic obliterative arteriopathy of the inferior limbs is a frequent condition observed in diabetics. The later stages induce pain at rest and trophic disorders (ulcer, gangrene) that lead to chronic limb ischemia. Without possible surgical revascularization ,pain management and tissue healing are used to avoid amputation. Prevalence of diabetes is twice higher in Reunion Island than in metropolitan France. As a consequence, the rate co-morbobidities, such as chronic obliterative arteriopathy of the inferior limbs, is also increases. This study compares the efficiency of two analgesic treatments in diabetics with forefoot injuries.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a procedure that has been shown to improve pain in chronic sufferers. It is a well-tolerated procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis. It uses a plastic covered coil that sends a magnetic pulse through the skull into the brain and by targeting particular areas in the brain it can be used to help modulate the perception of pain. The study intends to use this technique to treat such a disabling symptom in patients who suffer from Parkinson's Disease (PD). Initially the aim is to study this technique in ten patients who are suffering from pain and have PD. These patients would initially require an MRI scan which allows us to map the brain and target the correct brain areas for the delivery of the stimulation. The stimulation would be performed over ten sessions and the patients would be assessed by a clinician using well recognized clinical tools. It is anticipated that there will be a meaningful improvement in pain. It is also anticipated that TMS is a safe technique to use in patients with PD. The study will be used to help plan a future study that compares TMS with sham technique to prove whether TMS could be an option in the treatment of such a disabling condition.
Evaluation of topical treatment with lidocaine 5% patch (daily administration) or capsaicin 8% patch (periodic administration - upon reoccurrence of pain symptoms) in adult patients suffering from localized neuropathic pain (LNP) across a wide variety of etiologies, with a duration between 1 and 12 months (subacute to chronic neuropathic pain (NP)).
This a single center study comparing two forms of electrical stimulation: sub-sensory burst stimulation (DRG-Burst3D) and standard low frequency stimulation (DRG-LF) in the dorsal root ganglion of subjects diagnosed with neuropathic pain
In the oncology area, neuropathic pains are relatively frequent and can be induced by surgery, radiotherapy, or chemotherapy. In usual practice, some units are using qutenza in order to reduce neuropathic pain even though using of this patch for a population of cancer patients has never been demonstrated so far in a prospective study. The present prospective study proposes to evaluate the qutenza efficacy in peripheric neuropathic pain in cancer patients.