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This research study is evaluating the drug Ramucirumab as a possible treatment for Advanced, Progressive Carcinoid Tumors.
The objective of the PRELUDE study is to describe the use of lanreotide Autogel® (LAN ATG) combined with Peptide Receptor Radionuclide Therapy (PRRT) in the treatment of progressive neuroendocrine tumours located in the lung or in the digestive system as there is currently limited data on these treatments used together for these types of neuroendocrine tumours.
Data from this study will contribute additional knowledge regarding patient outcomes and direct somatostatin analogue (SSA) treatment related costs in clinical practice in the Nordic countries. Such knowledge can be of importance in a treatment decision, decision support for development of care, follow up and training of both patients and primary care nurses.
Pasireotide binds to somatostatin receptors sst2 and sst5, which can lead to significant hyperglycemia. The investigators would like to administer pasireotide as a treatment for refractory hypoglycemia in the setting of metastatic insulin-producing pancreatic neuro-endocrine tumor.
Chromogranin A (CgA) is a glycoprotein with a molecular weight of 49 to 52 kDa produced by chromaffin cells of the adrenal medulla, enterochromaffin-like (ECL) cells, and endocrine cells of the stomach and pancreas, and it is the precursor to several functional peptides including vasostatin and pancreastatin. Importantly, CgA can be measured in the serum or plasma or detected within the secretory vesicles as a general diagnostic biomarker for neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), and plasma CgA levels also provide information regarding tumor burden and response to treatment. It has a sensitivity and specificity between 27% and 81%. Some studies have noted an association between CgA concentrations and tumor location or degree of differentiation. It has also been proposed that plasma CgA levels are more frequently elevated in well-differentiated tumors compared with poorly differentiated tumors of the midgut. Some other clinical series have provided evidence of an association between plasma CgA levels and the extent of disease, tumor burden, or presence of metastases, and high baseline levels of CgA are suggestive of a poor prognosis. However, there exist still controversies the effectiveness of serum CgA levels on diagnostic relevance, treatment response after surgical resection or sandostatin analog, clinicopathologic features of pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (PNETs). To date, moreover, a precise association between CgA levels and survival has not been clearly demonstrated, although a number of studies suggest that this relationship may exist. There, especially, is no relevant data on value of serum CgA level for clinical usefulness in Korean population.
In this study, peptide receptor radionuclide therapy (PRRT) with 177Lu-Octreotate (LuTate) will be personalized, i.e. administered activity of LuTate will be tailored for each patient to maximize absorbed radiation dose to tumor, while limiting that to healthy organs. The purpose of this study is to: - Assess the objective (radiological), symptomatic and biochemical response rates following an induction course of personalized PRRT; - Assess the overall, the disease-specific, and the progression-free survival following P-PRRT; - Correlate therapeutic response and survival with tumor absorbed radiation dose; - Evaluate the acute, subacute and chronic adverse events following P-PRRT; - Correlate toxicity (i.e. occurence and severity of adverse events) with absorbed radiation doses to organs at risk; - Optimize the quantitative SPECT imaging-based dosimetry methods in a subset of 20 patients (sub-study funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research). This study also has a compassionate purpose, which is to provide access to PRRT to patients.
This is a prospective single arm, multicenter study will evaluate the efficacy and safety of Lutetium-177 Octreotate in patients with neuroendocrine tumors who has positive Somatostatin receptor identified by 68Ga-DOTATATE. 195 patients will be enrolled totally. Patient who has progressed with neuroendocrine tumor will be evaluated by the tumor board first and eligible patients will undergo diagnostic Ga 68 PET scan. Patients who showed Somatostatin will undergo 4 cycles of Lu-DOTATATE treatment. Dose adjustment for Cycle 2-4 will be made based on individualized dosimetry, as well as creatinine clearance and hematological parameters. Patients will be evaluated progression free survival at 12 months from last dose. Patients who are negative for somatostatin will not receive 68Ga-DOTATATE treatment but will be followed until progression and acts as control group.
The aim of this phase I-II study is to evaluate the efficacy and toxicity of PRRT with 177Lu-DOTATATE (Lu-PRRT) associated to metronomic chemotherapy with Capecitabine in patients affected by aggressive FDG-positive gastro-entero-pancreatic NET. Moreover to analyze the effects of the capecitabine metronomic schedule on the level of circulating angiogenetic factors.
This is a randomized phase II, parallel group study. Patients with gastro-entero-pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (GEP-NET) well differentiated G1 - G2 (ki67≤ 20%) and G3 (ki67≤ 50%), somatostatin receptor (SSR) positive and 18-FDG positive will be enrolled in the study and will be randomly assigned to 2 different arms: - Arm Lu-PRRT-Cap: oral low dose of capecitabine in association with Lu-PRRT (at 3.7 Gbq per cycle x 7 cycles) followed by long acting octreotide or lanreotide (SS-LAR); OR - Arm Lu-PRRT: Lu-PRRT (at 3.7 gigabecquerel (Gbq) per cycle x 7 cycles) followed by SS-LAR.
The purpose of this trial is to assess time to disease progression of patients with locally advanced or metastatic gastroenteropancreatic neuroendocrine tumors treated with Lanreotide Depot. This is an observational study therefore all data collected will be in accordance with the routine practice of physicians.