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This study aims to show that antiidiotypic sdAb are a new, sensitive, specific and non-invasive tool for imaging and therapeutic purposes and provides a rationale for their clinical evaluation as a personalized treatment option for MM patients expressing surface paraprotein.
A phase 3, randomized, open-label, parallel-controlled, multi-center study comparing TJ202, Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone vs. Lenalidomide and Dexamethasone in subjects with relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma who received at least 1 prior line of treatment
In the proposed study, the investigators will aim to develop and pilot a Magnetic Resonance (MR) imaging protocol and assess its ability to achieve the following: quantification of tumour burden and bone loss, detecting longitudinal changes in tumour load with therapy and detecting longitudinal changes in microarchitecture with therapy. The investigators also aim to investigate whether bone loss is better, worse or the same with different imaging techniques. This will be investigated by correlating the DXA imaging data with Diffusion-Weighted Magnetic Resonance Imaging (DWMRI) to see if it is possible to achieve quantifiable data of bone density.
Of the next-generation compounds, the monoclonal antibodies (moAbs) have recently attracted a lot of interest in MM. The anti-SLAMF7 directed moAb elotuzumab has completed phase III trials in MM patients. One phase III trial in MM patients with one to three prior lines of therapy compared elotuzumab-Rd with standard Rd. The triple combination was shown to significantly prolong PFS in this patient cohort with a greater proportion of patients in at least very good partial response (VGPR) when compared to subjects on Rd. Notably, the rate of infusion-related reactions with this specific moAb was very low, with an overall rate of 10% in premedicated patients and only 1% of Grade 3 severity. Grades 4/5 infusion-related reactions were absent and only 1% of patients on elotuzumab discontinued for infusion-related reactions. Of particular interest is the observation in this trial, that response and PFS were independent of cytogenetic high-risk features, i.e., deletion of chromosome 17p and translocation t(4;14). This effect distinguishes elotuzumab from most, if not all, other drug-based approaches. The investigators assume that incorporating the moAb into the KRd triple induction regimen should result in an even higher rate of deep (negative for MRD in conjunction with at least very good partial response [VGPR] as defined by the International Myeloma Working Group [IMWG]) with these responses occurring independently of cytogenetic risk. Due to potential interference of elotuzumab with serum immune fixation, the investigators chose VGPR rather than complete response (CR) to exclude false-positive immunofixation results. Furthermore the investigators hypothesize that combining elotuzumab with lenalidomide should prolong PFS further.
The purpose of this study is to infuse BCMA CAR-NK 92 cells to the patients with relapsed and refractory multiple myeloma (MM), to assess the safety and feasibility of this strategy. The CAR enables the NK-92 cells to recognize and kill the MM cells by targeting of BCMA, a protein expressed of the surface of the malignant plasma cells in MM patients.
This phase III trial studies how well lenalidomide and dexamethasone works with or without daratumumab in treating patients with high-risk smoldering myeloma. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as lenalidomide and dexamethasone, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Immunotherapy with monoclonal antibodies, such as daratumumab, may induce changes in the body's immune system and may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread. Giving lenalidomide and dexamethasone with daratumumab may work better in treating patients with smoldering myeloma.
It's a single arm, open label prospective study, in which the safety and efficacy of B Cell Maturation Antigen（BMCA）-targeted CAR-T thearpy are evaluated in refractory/relapsed multiple myeloma patients.
Multiple myeloma (MM) is a common malignant hematology disease. The development of proteasome inhibitors (PIs) and immunomodulatory drugs (IMiDs) significantly improved the survival of MM patients. However, ASCT therapy in young patients with MM is still important. IMiDs have multiple effects in MM therapy. Except for direct cytotoxicity, IMiDs also play a variety of immune regulatory roles. Lenalidomide, a kind of IMiDs, was usually used in the therapy of relapsed/refractory MM. The efficacy and safety of RDD (lenalidomide, pegylated liposomal doxorubicin, dexamethasone) followed by ASCT in newly diagnosed young patients with MM still needs to be further validated.
The objective of this project is to compare chemosensitivity between chemotherapy combinations in bone marrow aspirates using 3D organoid models. The investigators overarching hypothesis is that 3D organoids are ideal to test chemosensitivity in real time, to provide personalized medicine and guidance in the setting of relapsed multiple myeloma and potentially other cancers.
This is a non-randomized, open label, phase I/II, dose-escalation study, involving a single injection of Temferon, an investigational advanced therapy consisting of autologous CD34+-enriched hematopoietic stem and progenitor cells exposed to transduction with a lentiviral vector driving myeloid-specific interferon-ɑ2 expression, which will be administered to up to 9 patients affected by multiple myeloma in early relapse after intensive front line treatment.