View clinical trials related to Multi Vessel Coronary Artery Disease.Filter by:
Acute myocardial infarction owes to a plaque rupture resulting in total (STEMI) or partial occlusion (NSTEMI) of the coronary artery. In patients with a partial occlusion and multi vessel disease (MVD), identification of the lesion responsible for the current event (culprit) at the time of the examination (coronary angiogram, CAG) can be difficult. Meanwhile, identification of the culprit lesion is vital to conduct proper treatment. Furthermore, treating an artery with no plaque rupture (non-culprit), imposes a small risk for complications, which may be fatal. Precise identification of the culprit lesion in NSTEMI patients with MVD remains unsettled The purpose of this study is proper and precise identification of the culprit lesion in NSTEMI patients with MVD.
This is a prospective, observational, single-center, single-arm, clinical trial designed to assess the efficacy of FFRangio in measuring FFR obtained from angiography compared to Invasive FFR for diagnosing hemodynamically significant coronary stenosis in Multi-Vessel Disease.
The trial objective is to investigate whether Fractional Flow Reserve (FFR)-Guided Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) and TransCatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI) strategy for treatment of multivessel disease and aortic stenosis will be non-inferior to Coronary Artery By-pass Grafting (CABG) and Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement (SAVR) for a composite primary endpoint of all-cause mortality, stroke, myocardial infarction, coronary or valve re-intervention and life-threatening or disabling bleeding at one year.
In patients with acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI), 40-60% have multi-vessel disease with an increased cardiovascular morbidity and mortality. Although it is not recommended to revascularize noninfarct lesions during the acute intervention, recent investigations suggest the opposite and show improved outcome after direct revascularization of noninfarct lesions. It is undesirable to risk procedure-related complications by treating noninfarct lesions without impaired flow. It is currently unknown whether pressure guided revascularization of noninfarct lesions in the acute phase improves outcome compared to the current guidelines. The iMODERN trial aims to compare an iFR-guided intervention of noninfarct lesions during the acute intervention with a deferred stress perfusion CMR-guided strategy during the outpatient follow-up, to determine the optimal therapeutic approach for STEMI patients with multivessel lesions.
This study is designed as a prospective observational feasibility study. The investigators will study whether vulnerable plaques on OCT (fibrous cap ≤ 70 μm) show a locally increased uptake of 18F-choline on PET-MRI compared to stable plaques and whether the culprit plaque shows a locally increased uptake of 18F-choline on PET-MRI compared to non-culprit plaques. First, 15 NSTEMI or STEMI patients who underwent urgent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of the culprit vessel, who are diagnosed with multivessel coronary disease and are currently scheduled for a second PCI at the VieCuri hospital will be included. These patients will be subjected to an additional 18F-choline PET-MRI examination at the MUMC+ and an additional optical coherence tomography (OCT) examination (during the PCI procedure at the Viecuri hospital). OCT will be performed as a reference standard to validate 18F-choline PET-MRI for detection of vulnerable plaques in the coronary arteries. In addition, 15 NSTEMI patients, who are scheduled for PCI of the culprit lesion at the MUMC+, will be subjected to an additional 18F-choline PET-MRI examination at the MUMC+. Hereby, the culprit coronary vessel and thereby the culprit plaque can be identified by the location of the myocardial infarct, as identified by late enhanced MRI. The investigators will study whether the culprit plaque shows an increased 18F-choline uptake on 18F-choline PET-MRI compared to non-culprit plaques in the other coronary arteries. All patients will receive standard, guideline-based clinical care, while PET-MRI and OCT will be performed as additional measurements. Before the start of the study, 5 stable angina pectoris patients that are scheduled for a PCI procedure at the MUMC+ will be included at the MUMC+ for a single PET-MRI scan to optimize the parameters of the coronary PET-MRI scan.
The investigators want to assess the use of the residual SYNTAX score and the SYNTAX Revascularization Index as predictors for in-hospital outcomes and mid-term (6 months to 1 year) outcomes in patients with multi-vessel disease (MVD) who undergo PCI in the setting of STEMI or NSTEACS. Both values will be calculated in a number of patients over one year, and the relationship between both values and patient outcomes will be evaluated.
Although current guidelines recommend fractional flow reserve (FFR) to identify haemodynamically relevant coronary lesion(s) in stable patients when evidence of ischaemia is not available (Class I, Level of Evidence: A), no published study has assessed the usefulness of FFR to guide percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients with multi-vessel disease (MVD). The main objective of this study is to determine whether, in STEMI patients with MVD amenable to PCI, the use of FFR in addition to angiography will improve cardiovascular outcomes, compared with the current practice of angiography- guided PCI, by improving the appropriateness of revascularisations by assessing the relevance of non-culprit lesions in the context of STEMI with multivessel coronary artery disease. The secondary objective is to assess the safety and the cost-effectiveness of the FFR-guided strategy compared to the angiography-guided strategy.
The study is a voluntary study, initiated by B. Braun to collect clinical data for Optilene® suture concerning its key indication.
The purpose of this study is to assess whether the Index of Microcirculatory Resistance (IMR) can be considered a prognostic predictor for the occurrence of events at one year of follow up after primary Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (PCI) in ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (STEMI) patients. Any correlation between IMR and the short and medium term outcomes, defined as cardiovascular death, re-Myocardial Infarct (MI), re-hospitalization for Heart Failure (HF), resuscitation or Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator (ICD) appropriate shock, will be assessed in the study.
MILESTONE STUDY is dedicated to problems connected with patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and/or with left main narrowing who present symptoms of acute ischemia. For such kind of patients according to current ACC/AHA guidelines CABG (surgical revascularization) is recommended as a treatment method. In comparison with CABG, recent studies have shown that PCI (percutaneous coronary intervention) is associated with a lower rate of periprocedural adverse events and similar long term event-free survival in patients with left main disease. Our latest non randomized registry and randomized LEMANS study, comparing LMCA (left main coronary artery) stenting with CABG confirmed above findings. LEMANS ACS (acute coronary syndrome) retrospective registry of patients with UPLMCA (unprotected LMCA) disease and non ST elevation ACS showed lower 30 day and trend toward lower one year mortality after PCI when compared with CABG. It should be stressed, that acute ischemia substantially increase the risk of CABG. In fact, there are limited data on the outcome of ULMCA stenting or CABG in patients with acute coronary syndromes (ACS). Similarly, all randomized studies comparing PCI vs CABG in multivessel disease included mainly patients with stable angina, small cohort of patients with unstable angina and they excluded patients with non ST elevation Myocardial infarction. In the SYNTAX study -largest PCI vs CABG trial, randomized patients were patients with low perioperative risk (logistic EUROSCORE <5) and ACS patients routinely excluded. High perioperative risk patients were included only in PCI registry.