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The balance between hunger and satiety is imperative for an individual's survival and overall health.). Without this balance, individuals can become morbidly obese or lack adequate nutrition for survival. Craniopharyngioma (CP) is a benign tumour that occurs at the base of the brain in children. Unfortunately, pediatric neurosurgeons sometimes inadvertently destroy a child's satiety centre during CP tumour removal surgery. This leaves the child with a post-operative complication: an insatiable appetite. This form of obesity is called "hypothalamic obesity". This study is designed to investigate Deep Brain Stimulation for hypothalamic obesity in n=6 young adults who have stabilized tumours.
The purpose of this study is to determine if a weight loss app (VA MOVE!® Coach App) along with regularly scheduled telephone counseling, will motivate obese people with metabolic syndrome to lose weight and improve the symptoms of the metabolic syndrome, compared to usual weight loss approaches. This study will randomly assign participants to one of two groups, interventional or control. The interventional group will use the app with phone coaching and standard of care for weight loss. The control group will receive standard weight loss care without the app and phone coaching. Weight loss motivation to adopt life-style changes to maintain weight loss and quality of life between the two groups will be compared. The metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a cluster of disorders including high blood pressure, pre-diabetes, the tendency to carry body weight around the waist, and increased fat in the blood. When these problems happen together, there is an increased risk for heart attack, stroke, diabetes and certain cancers. Although the metabolic syndrome is a serious condition, it can be treated with diet, weight loss and increased activity. It can even be reversed using these lifestyle changes. Due to poor success with routine short-term weight loss treatment (group and one-on-one counseling), it is time to address the problem by a different method. Studies have shown feedback devices and weight loss apps have been successful in weight loss and weight maintenance. They are economical (many apps are free), and convenient to use, without attendance at group sessions. Since weight loss is the corner stone for improvement in the symptoms of the MetS, this study will offer a unique approach to support individuals who are committed to losing weight and adopting a healthier lifestyle. Numerous studies demonstrated that feedback via text messaging, and interaction through social networking support groups, in addition to iPhone apps, are all more effective in weight loss measures than group sessions at a hospital site. (Duncan et al., 2011; Greene, Sacks, Piniewski, Kil, & Hahn, 2012; Shaw et al., 2013; Spring et al., 2013). The benefit of these various methods is that they appear to accelerate weight loss and prevent weight re-gain if employed long-term. With technology changing daily, these approaches must be considered an essential adjunct to, or replacement for, traditional group counselling sessions.
The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of nutrition and exercise counseling program for reducing the incidence of metabolic syndrome in prostate cancer patients on Androgen Deprivation Therapy.
The present study is designed to examine the effect of changes in body weight and related parameters associated with a commercially-available, low-carbohydrate diet plan. A parameter proposed to be studied here is the impact of fructose restriction and weight loss on serum uric acid concentrations and arterial stiffness.
Presently in Canada, 29% of deaths are due to cardiovascular disease (CVD), costing $20.9 billion annually. The investigators have, therefore, brought together an unique network of investigators at different stages in their careers with a range of disciplines (nutrition, cardiology, diabetes, imaging, physics, clinical trials, statistics, laboratory medicine, primary care, genetics, psychology, knowledge translation (KT), and epidemiology) and with international recognition , experience and connections, to undertake a multi-centre study which will test the ability of the dietary Portfolio PLUS approach over 3 years to reduce the progression of plaque build-up in the carotid artery as assessed by Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in individuals with hypercholesterolemia. The dietary portfolio of cholesterol-lowering foods (viscous fibres, soy protein, plant sterol and nuts) which has been proven in many of their studies to be an effective cholesterol-lowering diet will be further enhanced by increased levels of monounsaturated fats (MUFA) and low glycemic index foods. Will this enhanced dietary strategy (dietary Portfolio PLUS ) reduce the progression of carotid atheromatous lesions, LDL-C and blood pressure while reducing the number of hyperlipidemic individuals requiring statins?
The purpose of this study was to assess the incidence rate of the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and safety of fenofibrate (Lipilfen capsule) add-on statin therapy in patients who have history of acute myocardial infarction and are diagnosed with metabolic syndrome.
Moderate exercise is recommended to improve cardiovascular health in obese and overweight people particularly with metabolic syndrome (MetS) that have hypertension, elevated fasting blood sugar, and elevated blood lipids. This study is being done to determine how platelets respond when a person performs an initial period of moderate exercise.
The study aims are to test whether the use of promotoras significantly impacts the health attitudes, health seeking behaviors, and patient confidence in self-managing health of rural Hispanic adults who have been diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. Specifically, the study is designed to address four areas of inquiry: 1) identification of patient attitudes involving: a) trust in medical providers and in the health care system, b) procedural fairness in treatment, c) provider and patient communication patterns, d) potential cultural bias in treatment, and e) healthy lifestyle behavior adoption/maintenance, 2) selected clinical indicators of metabolic syndrome (blood pressure, height/weight/BMI, blood glucose, hemoglobin A1c, and cholesterol), 3) the cultural competence of medical providers from the perspective of both the provider and the patient, and 4) patient self-management confidence scores.
Study purpose: African Americans with hypertension and markers of metabolic syndrome (small elevations in blood glucose, triglycerides and or weight) are at a high risk of cardiovascular (heart and blood vessel) problems. There is a circulating factor called angiotensin II that increases risk and may be more important in African Americans who have up to 20 times greater risk of losing kidney function and requiring dialysis. Research Investigators, including those at the University of Michigan, found one drug (Ramipril) that blocks angiotensin II effects significantly and improves kidney function in African Americans. The purpose of The SAAVE Study is to determine whether the combination of two new blockers (Valsartan and Aliskiren) of angiotensin II, are better able to lower blood pressure, also improve some of the risk factors for cardiovascular problems and provide greater protection to the heart and kidneys.
Type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2) is a growing social health problem world-wide, in particular with respect to its contribution to cardiovascular disease. The progressive increase in prevalence of DM2 has reached epidemic proportion and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in all populations around the world. Conventional stepwise treatment of DM2 generally focuses on controlling blood glucose concentration. However, the risk for side-effects associated with the use of pharmacological intervention often delays initiation of therapy, with the potential implication on worsening morbidity and mortality from complications. On the other hand, non-pharmacological intervention in the form of dietary restrictions, exercise and weight loss, is safe but often difficult to accomplish. The availability of nutrients that affect glucose and lipid metabolism would provide an important practical tool to establish early intervention in newly diagnosed DM2 and perhaps even in patients who are only "at risk" for DM2. The investigators have recently obtained preliminary data on beneficial effects of combined supplementation of lycopene and isoflavones on glucose metabolism of normoglycemic volunteers with insulin resistance. This clinical trial will explore the role of isoflavones and lycopene dietary supplementation in the improvement of glucose metabolism of patients at increased risk or with established but mild DM2. The overall hypothesis is that supplementation of laflavon, provided as a new formulation that increases bioavailability of the individual components (Laflavon CamMedica contains 7 mg of Lycopene and 50 mg of Soy Isoflavones), determines improvement in glucose tolerance and insulin resistance of patients with the metabolic syndrome and also reduces HbA1c in patients with mild DM2.