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This study evaluates the effect of phosphorus supplementation on the human metabolome. The investigators will do so by conducting a cross-over study in healthy adults consuming a study diet (normal diet supplemented by neutral sodium phosphorus, 1 gram/day) for seven days and a control diet (normal diet supplemented by sodium and potassium chloride only) for seven days with a 28 day wash-out period in between. Untargeted metabolomic analyses will be done in serum samples obtained at the end of each diet period.
Individuals diagnosed with metabolic syndrome are at a two-fold risk for developing cardiovascular disease. The investigators must identify strategies that can abort the development of cardiovascular disease. Inflammation and oxidative stress responsible for the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome and CVD can be influenced by dietary changes. Strategic and novel interventions that include changing dietary patterns to include more antioxidant rich fruit and vegetables are pragmatic for primary prevention of CVD. Antioxidant rich fruits and vegetables, especially those with carotenoids (lycopene, lutein, zeaxanthin, alpha-carotene, and beta-carotene) have been efficacious in reducing the risk of CVD by decreasing inflammation and oxidative stress. The purpose of this study is to test the effect of a dietary antioxidant intervention on biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in persons diagnosed with metabolic syndrome. The sample will be randomized into one of two groups. Group one (intervention) will drink an 11.5 ounce serving of V8 100% vegetable juice once per day for 30 days. The second group (control) will continue to consume their normal diet. We will measure biomarkers of inflammation (C-reactive protein) and oxidative stress (malondialdehyde) in the two groups at baseline and the end of the 30-day intervention.
Mango is rich in bioactive compounds such as dietary polyphenols and carotenoids, which may explain its beneficial effect on health. Polyphenols accumulate in the gut where they can positively modulate the microbiota. As gut microbiota may have a strong influence on cardiometabolic health, we hypothesize that mango consumption improves metabolic profile in overweight or obese individuals through beneficial changes in gut microbiota. The study of metagenomics, transcriptomics and metabolomics will be used to validate this hypothesis.
This study evaluates the effect of a combination of glycirrhizic acid, Cinnamomun Zeylanicum and corosolic acid for the treatment of metabolic syndrome. Participants receive the supplement or a placebo.
Testing the efficacy of high intensity interval training (HIIT), as compared to current research supporting moderate intensity continuous training (MICT), as a means to improve cardiometabolic health after spinal cord injury.
Overweight and obesity are increasing global health problems and the most important contributors to morbidity and mortality. The maintenance of long-term weight loss is difficult, and individuals often regain weight after an intervention program is finished. It is of interest to find ways to prevent and alleviate metabolic syndrome (MetS), beyond the known effects of lifestyle modification and weight loss. Fish has been proposed as a food that may have favorable effects on metabolic health. There is evidence that cod, and other marine fish, may contain bioactive peptides that have potentially important health effects in humans. The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of adding a marine protein hydrolysate (MPH) supplement to the diet over an 8-week period in a group of adults with established MetS. The investigators expect that this will lead to beneficial changes in the components of MetS and to an overall healthier metabolic profile.
This study evaluates the different postprandial effect of isomaltulose and sucrose on the incretin profile and as an determinant for the second meal effect. In this nutritional intervention study, healthy participants and T2DM patients ingest 2 standardized meals for breakfast and lunch in combination with either sucrose or palatinose on 2 separate days. In addition, blood samples are taken to analyze markers of the carbohydrate metabolism, incretins and specific inflammation markers.
This study evaluates the effects of an ad libitum addition of a high fiber product to the regular diet of type 2 diabetes patients on body weight and blood sugar control. In the first 6 weeks half of the participants will receive the high fiber test product and half a reference product without fiber. After the first 6 weeks both groups will be switched to the high fiber product.
The growing prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D) is a major public health problem. Recent studies have clearly established that the gut microbiota plays a key role in the investigator's propensity to develop obesity and associated metabolic health disorders. The gut microbiota compositions plays a decisive role in glucose metabolism and the chronic inflammatory state associated with insulin resistance. Consuming prebiotic rich diet, including polyphenol and inulin rich food could help modulate favorably the gut microbiota which could lead to a reduction of endotoxemia and beneficial metabolic health effects.
The metabolic syndrome consists of a set of risk factors that increases the probability to develop heart diseases and type 2 diabetes, two of the principal chronic diseases that affect Mexican population. The curcumin is a compound that is extracted from the root of a plant called Cúrcuma longa. There exists information that curcumin helps to diminish weight and the levels of blood glucose and blood fats. The hypothesis of this study is: that curcumin administration combined with diet and exercise remits the metabolic syndrome.