View clinical trials related to Ischemic Attack, Transient.Filter by:
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) analogue liraglutide in the treatment of acute minor stroke (National Institute of Health stroke scale, NIHSS ≤ 3) or high-risk transient ischemic attack (TIA) (ABCD2 score ≥ 4 ) patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
To date, the investigators have successfully employed a radiotracer (18F-sodium fluoride) as a marker of necrotic inflammation in human atherosclerosis. The investigators aim to further the mechanistic understanding of atherothrombosis by studying the activation of glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptors in cardiovascular thrombus using the novel platelet radiotracer (18F-GP1). Binding of 18F-GP1 to activated platelets in venous and arterial thrombi has already been demonstrated in pre-clinical studies and a phase 1 trial in man. If successful, this study would define the role of the glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor within in vivo thrombosis across a range of cardiovascular diseases.
For a long time, delirium was considered a merely temporary dysfunction of the brain. Today, it is established that it is a brain disease associated with network dysfunction, neuroinflammation and impaired transmitter homeostasis in a multicausal model. Following an episode of delirium, many patients do not return to their prior level of cognitive and functional performance. In particular, failed or delayed diagnosis with consecutive inadequate therapy contribute to the development of long-term cognitive decline that may ultimately lead to long-term care. Stroke patients are a particularly common delirium-affected population (10-46% depending on severity). Despite the frequency and clinical relevance of delirium in stroke patients, diagnostic characteristics of common screening methods are unknown. Similarly, the clinical phenotype and risk factors of patients who develop delirium have not been adequately described. This study primarily aims to evaluate the diagnostic properties of established screening tools for delirium in a prospective cohort of well-characterised patients following ischemic cerebral events (either transient or manifest stroke). Secondary outcome criteria include predictors of post-stroke delirium (PSD) such as stroke location and size, pre-stroke cognitive functioning, ability to participate in daily routine activities and medical conditions.
The aim of the study is to find a radiological biomarker of Transient Ischemic Attacks (TIA) thanks to functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) done within the 24 hour after symptoms onset.
The proposed study will investigate the clinical use of the ISCDX test that may differentiate between diverse stroke etiologies as listed below: Aim 1: Differentiate between cardioembolic and large artery atherosclerotic ischemic strokes, when hemorrhagic stroke is ruled out, as defined by TOAST classification of subtypes of acute ischemic stroke. Aim 2: In cases of ischemic strokes of unknown or "cryptogenic" etiology, determine the ability of biomarker blood tests to predict etiology between cardioembolic and large artery atherosclerotic.
Adequate brain blood flow is essential for brain survival and function. Brain blood flow is kept relatively constant by a process called cerebral autoregulation (CA). CA is impaired in various diseases including head injury, diabetes, Alzheimer's, pre-eclampsia and stroke. In stroke, impaired CA is associated with poor outcomes. A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is the same as a stroke, except the symptoms only last for a short amount of time and resolve spontaneously. TIAs are sometimes called mini-strokes and are a major warning sign of strokes. There have been lots of studies of CA in stroke, but very few studies of CA in TIA. Brain blood flow and CA can be studied non-invasively with Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD). Study aim: To investigate whether CA is impaired in patients with TIA 20 patients with acute TIA (within 7 days), and 20 healthy controls will be recruited from the specialist TIA clinic at University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust. Participants will be eligible if they are aged over 18 and can consent to participate. They won't be able to participate if they have severe heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, blocked neck blood vessels, severe breathing problems, or if they are pregnant. Participants will undergo an assessment of brain blood flow using TCD, during which their heart rate, breathing and blood pressure will also be monitored. During the assessment participants will sit quietly before being asked to stand and then complete a squat-stand manoeuvre in time with a computer sequence. The research visit will take approximately 90 minutes, the assessment itself will take approximately 1 hour and participants only need to attend once.
The purpose of this clinical study is to determine whether the addition of an oral Factor XIa Inhibitor to Aspirin and Clopidogrel is more effective than standard therapy in secondary stroke prevention. The safety of this treatment will also be studied.
Recent prospective observational data has established that distal blood flow compromise measured using noninvasive quantitative magnetic resonance angiography (QMRA) identifies a high risk subgroup of patients with symptomatic atherosclerotic vertebrobasilar (VB) steno-occlusive disease, serving as an imaging biomarker for future stroke risk. The currently proposed study aims to determine if an endovascular intervention, submaximal balloon angioplasty, can be performed with adequate safety in this high risk subgroup of flow-compromised patients with VB stenosis. The study will also examine as secondary aims, the effect of the intervention on distal flow augmentation and on subsequent posterior circulation ischemic events.
TELECAST-TIA is a prospective single-center study evaluating guideline-based transient ischemic attack (TIA) treatment at an Acute Stroke Ready Hospital (ASRH) pre- and post-initiation of a specialist telestroke inpatient rounding service. TELECAST-TIA will study the following clinical endpoints: diagnostic stroke evaluation, secondary stroke prevention, health screening and evaluation, stroke education, inpatient complications, and stroke recurrence rates. Additional relevant non-clinical data will include patient and provider satisfaction scores, transfer patterns, and a cost analysis.
Stroke is a significant medical problem with 150,000 events occurring per year in the UK and incurring healthcare costs of £4 billion per year. Fifty percent of strokes will leave a lasting disability on first manifestation and 10-15% (roughly 16,500 per year) are unheralded ischaemic events in previously asymptomatic Carotid artery disease. Carotid Artery Disease is caused by the formation of an atherosclerotic plaque in the vessel. Stroke or TIA occurs when plaque or adherent thrombus breaks off and embolises to the brain, blocking off its blood supply. Hence, a carotid plaque is said to be symptomatic if it has caused a Stroke or TIA in the territory of the brain supplied by that vessel in the previous six months. Currently, the degree of stenosis (narrowing) of the artery by doppler ultrasound is the main assessment performed. Doppler ultrasound measures stenosis and elevation of blood flow velocity in the artery prior to surgical intervention. However, it has been shown that the degree of stenosis is a poor predictor of stroke as many asymptomatic patients have severe stenosis and many symptomatic patients have moderate stenosis. Stenosis is a two dimensional assessment of a 3-D structure. Other features of the plaque should be considered including the volume of the carotid plaque and its constituents. Carotid Plaque Volume has been measured in 339 individuals, with plaque volume being higher in symptomatic than asymptomatic individuals. In this study, plaque volume did not correlate with stenosis degree. No studies have been conducted measuring the change in carotid plaque volume and morphology following a stroke. This pilot study will perform serial duplex scans on recently symptomatic individuals over a 12 week period and observe the changes in Plaque Volume and morphology. This will attempt to prove that carotid plaque volume is a better predictor of stroke than stenosis. The investigators will also aim to identify other plaque features that may have an important role in predicting stroke risk. Documenting the timescale of change in plaque volume will aid us in defining appropriate timescales for treating the symptomatic population and when those having medical management's risk has returned to baseline. Observing the change in plaque immediately after stroke will improve our knowledge of the changes in plaques that lead to symptoms and may in the future help us predict which patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis need operation.