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The objective of the study is to show that stenting the transverse-sigmoid sinus with the River stent is safe and has probable benefit to relieve clinical symptoms in subjects with idiopathic intracranial hypertension (IIH). The study will enroll 39 IIH subjects with moderate to severe visual field loss or severe headaches that have failed medical therapy. The primary safety endpoint is the rate of major adverse event at 12 months The primary probable benefit endpoint is a composite at 12 months of absence of significant sinus stenosis and clinically relevant improvement.
External Ventricular Deviation (EDV) is a medical device that provides transient and controlled external drainage of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). This device can also monitor intracranial pressure (ICP). SEV is an emergency measure indicated for acute hydrocephalus and / or intracranial hypertension (HTIC). Weaning from a DVE should be considered as soon as possible from the moment the patient's clinical condition allows it. There is no consensus on how to wean SEVs. The main objective of this study is to evaluate inter and intraobserver reproducibility of the measurement of the 3rd ventricle size by ultrasound in patients receiving a DVE withdrawal test.
In this study the invistigators chose to measure the optic nerve sheath diameter by sonography for diagnosis of elevated intracranial pressure (ICP) in comparison to brain computed tomograhy (CT) as the reference gold standard for detection of raised ICP since optic nerve songraphy is radiation-free , noninvasive, and has certain features which increase its convenience portability, easy application, low cost, repeatability on request, bedside application, short application time and applicability even in the presence of unstable vital signs.
Randomized trial of adults (≥18 years old) with idiopathic intracranial hypertension and moderate to severe visual loss without substantial recent treatment who are randomly assigned to (1) medical therapy, (2) medical therapy plus ONSF, or (3) medical therapy plus VPS. The primary outcome is visual field mean deviation change at first of Month 6 (26 weeks) or time of treatment failure of the eligible eye(s), followed by a continuation study to assess time to treatment failure. The determination of eligible eye(s) is based on meeting the eligibility criteria at baseline.
The study is a prospective, multi-center, non-randomized, open label observational study. The objective of this study is to compare the accuracy of the EyeBOX to a clinical diagnosis of abnormal ICP as determined by an external ventriculostomy drain (EVD) or ventriculostomy catheter.
Osmotherapy consists in the therapeutic use of osmotically active substances with the aim of reducing the volume and therefore the intracranial pressure. It therefore represents an essential component in the clinical management of cerebral edema and intracranial hypertension, whether they are a consequence of head trauma, ischemic or hemorrhagic stroke, and neoplasm or neurosurgical procedures. The current study aims at evaluating in vivo the effects on haemostasis parameters of hypertonic saline solutions at different concentration, as compared to mannitol, in patients with neuroradiological signs (CT / MRI) of cerebral edema / non-traumatic intracranial hypertension.
This is a prospective, randomized, single-center clinical study aiming to explore the safety and efficacy of venous stenting for patients with internal jugular vein stenosis (IJVS).
Observational study to investigate the natural course of intracranial pressure (ICP) after decompressive craniectomy (DC) using long-term telemetric ICP monitoring. Patients will have continuous ICP measurement performed during the admission to the neuro-intensive care unit (NICU) and after discharge weekly measurements sessions will be performed before and after cranioplasty.
The aim of this study is to determine if lowering blood pressure using FDA approved medication (antihypertensive drugs) alters brain pulsatility and reduces brain amyloid beta protein accumulation in older adults. Amyloid beta protein is high in the brain of older adults with Alzheimer's disease. Hypertension may increase brain amyloid beta protein accumulation and affect memory and thinking ability in older adults. However, whether lowering blood pressure reduces brain amyloid beta protein and improves brain function is inconclusive. The investigators hypothesize that treating high blood pressure alters brain pulsatility, which in turn reduces brain amyloid beta protein accumulation and improves brain structure and function.
Severe Trauma Brain Injury (TBIs) is a public health problem and monitoring of Intracranial Pressure (ICP) is a determinant key of it prognosis. Within the noninvasive methods to estimate the ICP, the measurement of intraocular pressure has been proposed because of its biological plausibility (proximity of the eye to the encephalic contend). Objective. Correlate intraocular pressure with ICP in children with TBIs and obtain their utility values.