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Clinical Trial Summary

This study seeks to understand the host factors that affect the replication and immune response of seasonal and candidate pandemic live attenuated influenza vaccine (LAIV) in humans and to develop biomarkers that can predict the viral shedding and immune response to LAIVs.


Clinical Trial Description

Influenza A viruses are widely distributed in nature and exist as many different subtypes. Pandemics of influenza can occur, and vaccine development is focused on those subtypes that are predicted to represent the greatest pandemic threat to the human population. This study seeks to understand the host factors that affect the replication and immune response of seasonal and candidate pandemic LAIVs in humans and to develop biomarkers that can predict the viral shedding and immune response to LAIVs.

Three vaccines will be evaluated: the licensed seasonal LAIV, with a focus on the H3N2 component; the H9N2 G9/AA ca vaccine, which is among the most immunogenic of the candidate pandemic LAIVs evaluated to date; and the H2N3 MO 2066/AA ca vaccine, which is among the least immunogenic of the candidate pandemic LAIVs evaluated to date. The seasonal LAIV will be evaluated in an outpatient setting, while the other two vaccines will be evaluated in an inpatient setting. In each setting, some participants will receive a placebo vaccine.

Study participants will be assigned to one of four groups. Participants who are seronegative to both H9N2 G9/AA ca and H2N3 MO 2006/AA ca viruses will be randomly assigned to receive one of those vaccines (Group 1: H9N2 G9/AA ca; Group 2: H2N3 MO 2006/AA ca) or placebo (Group 4) and will remain in an inpatient isolation facility. Participants who are seronegative to the H3 component of seasonal LAIV will be randomly assigned to receive either seasonal vaccine (Group 3) or placebo (Group 4) and will be followed as outpatients.

All participants will remain in the study for 56 days. Participants in the inpatient arms will be admitted on Day -2, will receive study vaccine on Day 0, and will undergo a basic history, physical examination, and nasal wash each day until discharge. On some study days, inpatient participants will undergo a blood collection and/or a nasal swab; at the screening visit and on Day -1 or Day -2, participants will give a urine sample.

Participants in the outpatient arms will receive study vaccine on Day 0 and will have study visits on Days 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 14, 28, and 56. On Days 1 through 7, participants will undergo a basic history, physical examination, and nasal wash. On some visits, participants may undergo a blood collection and/or a nasal swab; at the screening visit and on Day -1, participants will give a urine sample. Unused blood or nasal wash samples will be stored and may be used in future research studies. ;


Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Basic Science


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT01674205
Study type Interventional
Source National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Contact
Status Completed
Phase Phase 1
Start date September 2012
Completion date June 2013

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