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Clinical Trial Summary

Background: Non-dipping (ND), defined as a <10% decrease in blood pressure (BP) during sleep, is an independent significant predictor of cardiovascular outcome in hypertensive patients. A few anti-hypertensive medications, including angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) and angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEIs), may normalize dipping if administered at night. Chinese data are scarce and there are no prospective studies on cardiovascular outcomes in Chinese patients.

Aim: To determine if the bedtime administration of ACEIs and ARBs is more effective at normalizing ND than morning administration. As a pilot project, the feasibility of recruiting hypertension patients in primary care for ambulatory blood pressure monitoring (ABPM) and conducting a clinical trial will be evaluated such that future larger randomized trials can be planned to determine treatments for ND.

Method: Fifty patients diagnosed with essential hypertension who are receiving either ACEIs or ARBs and diagnosed with ND will be randomized to take ACEIs or ARBs either early morning or before bedtime. A follow-up 48-hour ABPM will be performed after 4-6 weeks to examine post-treatment changes in BP and ND status.

Outcome: The primary outcome of this proposed study is the proportion of ND at 6 weeks; secondary outcomes will include (i) mean awake and asleep SBP/DBP of 48-hour duration (ii) feasibility of this pilot study will be assessed by recruitment and dropout rates during the study period.

Potential: This pilot study will provide the basis for a future larger randomized controlled study to further examine the treatment for ND in primary care.

Clinical Trial Description


Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03284099
Study type Interventional
Source Chinese University of Hong Kong
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 4
Start date December 1, 2017
Completion date October 31, 2018

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