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Clinical Trial Details — Status: Recruiting

Administrative data

NCT number NCT01198496
Other study ID # RESPECT 1
Secondary ID UMIN000002851
Status Recruiting
Phase Phase 4
First received August 28, 2010
Last updated July 29, 2012
Start date October 2010
Est. completion date December 2019

Study information

Verified date September 2010
Source Biomedis International Ltd.
Contact Hiroko Usami, PhD
Phone 81-1-3-6252-3282
Email hiroko-u@biomedis.co.jp
Is FDA regulated No
Health authority Japan: Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
Study type Interventional

Clinical Trial Summary

1. Objectives and Hypothesis

1. Objectives:

This study evaluates whether strict BP management is useful for the prevention of recurrent stroke.

Hypertensive patients with history of stroke are treated with stepwise multi-drug therapy to achieve stricter BP target <120/80 mmHg in the strict BP control group and less stricter BP target <140/90 mmHg or <130/80 mmHg for patients with current DM/CKD/MI in the standard BP control group. The participants under the BP treatment achieving their respective BP target will be followed for recurrence of stroke. The study continues until the number of patients with the first recurrent stroke reaches a total of 330 between the two groups. The occurrence rates of recurrent stroke will be compared between the two groups.

2. Hypotheses The incidence of recurrent stroke will be lower in a strict BP control group having lower BP target: <120/80 mmHg* than in a standard BP control group having BP target <140/90 mmHg or <130/80 mmHg for current DM/CKD/MI in patients with hypertension.

2. Study design This will be a multicenter, randomized, open-label study. The study consists of a screening period, a titration period and a follow-up period. The screening period is a period between the date of consent and the enrollment date. Hypertensive patients with history of stroke are randomly assigned to either the strict BP control group having the target of <120/80 mmHg or the standard BP control group having the target of <140/90 mmHg without current DM, CKD or MI and <130/80 mmHg with current DM, CKD or MI. The titration period is the period finding a treatment which achieves target BP, and 24 weeks at maximum. Patients will be treated with stepwise multi-drug therapy using an angiotensin-receptor antagonist, diuretic, calcium channel blocker and aldosterone antagonist. The participants will be observed under the BP management for their respective BP target. The study will be continued until the number of patients with the first recurrent stroke reaches a total of 330 between two groups. The follow-up period will be 3 years.

The recurrent rates of stroke in both groups will be compared from various aspects, and strict BP management will be investigated on the usefulness in prevention of recurrent stroke.


Description:

Rationale for Study Duration Predicting that strict BP control reduces the relative risk of recurrent stroke by 30% during the planned observation period of 3 years, the number of participants necessary to detect the recurrent stroke with rate of 2.5%/year and 7.5%/3 years is 2482 patients per group with a detection power of 90% and α-error of 0.05. A drop-out rate is estimated as 20%.

Therefore, the study will be continued for 3 years until a total of 330 patients with recurrent stroke in both groups are identified.

Rationale for Dosing Regimen One of ARB, losartan, is chosen for Step 1 therapy, because angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) is preferred as the first line of anti-hypertensives. Furthermore, a stepwise combination therapy of BP lowering drugs diuretic, hydrochlorothiazide, and calcium channel blocker, amlodipine, will be used, because the Japanese guidelines recommend the combination for BP control in prevention of recurrent stroke. (Step 2 to Step 5). Finally (as Step 6), a selective aldosterone antagonist, spironolactone, will be added for the treatment of with refractory hypertensive patients whose BP does not reach to the target.

Treatment Plan The dosages of study drugs will be determined according to the package insert for the drug.

Patients who are not treated with antihypertensive agent or treated with one antihypertensive agent at enrollment will start from Step 1. Patients who are treated with two antihypertensive agents at enrollment will start from Step 2.

In principle, treatment duration will be for 4 weeks at each step.


Recruitment information / eligibility

Status Recruiting
Enrollment 5000
Est. completion date December 2019
Est. primary completion date December 2017
Accepts healthy volunteers No
Gender Both
Age group 50 Years to 85 Years
Eligibility Inclusion Criteria:

Participants include those with essential hypertension and history of stroke who satisfy the following criteria:

- Outpatient

- Onset of stroke(cerebral infarction/cerebral hemorrhage) occurred between 30 days and 3 years prior to the date of consent.

- Drug adherence is ?80% during the screening period.

- Mean of 2 baseline BP measurements(measured at outpatient clinic) within 30 days prior to the date of consent is either 180 >SBP ?130 mmHg or 110 >DBP ?80 mmHg (untreated -3 anti hypertensive agents patients).

- Cerebral infarction with severity 3 or less in the modified Rankin scale.

Exclusion Criteria:

Patient who meets any one of the following criteria is excluded from the study.

- Women who are pregnant, are possible pregnant, or are breastfeeding

- Possible secondary hypertension

- Severe hypertension (grade III or greater) with baseline SBP ?180 mmHg or DBP ?110 mmHg)

- Myocardial infarction or undergoing angioplasty occurred within 3 months prior to the screening.

- Current or previous heart failure with NYHA classification class III or more, or EF less than 35%

- Severe bilateral carotid stenosis or major cerebral artery occlusion

- Severe paralysis due to stroke (modified Rankin scale ? 4 )

- Current renal dysfunction (serum Cr ? 2.0 mg/dL right before the date of consent)

- Current hepatic dysfunction with AST or ALT value ? 100 IU/mL right before the date of consent

- Refractory hypertension treated with four or more antihypertensive drugs

- Hypersensitivity or allergy to losartan and other angiotensin II receptor blockers, hydrochlorothiazide, amlodipine or sulfonamide derivative

- Major surgery planned during the study period

- Participants of other clinical studies within the last 30 days

- Current malignancy (previous malignancy within 5 years after the end of treatment) excluding squamous-cell skin cancer

- Previous and current subarachnoid hemorrhage

- Definitive dementia 12) (based on a clinical diagnosis)

- Patients who have difficulty in signing consent or who do not agree to the provided consent

- Patients who are judged to be unsuitable for participating the study by the primary investigator or sub-investigator.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Prevention


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


Intervention

Drug:
Losartan, Losartan and HCTZ, Amlodipine , Spironolactone
<Study drugs and treatment steps> Step 1: Losartan 50 mg in principle (other ARB is usable) Step 2: Combination drug containing losartan 50 mg and hydrochlorothiazide 12.5 mg Step 3: Combination drug containing losartan 50mg and HCTZ 12.5mg + amlodipine 5 mg Step 4: Losartan 50 mg + combination drug containing losartan 50 mg and HCTZ 12.5 mg + amlodipine 5 mg Step 5: Losartan 50 mg + combination drug containing losartan 50 mg and HCTZ 12.5 mg + amlodipine 10 mg Step 6: Losartan 50 mg + combination drug containing losartan 50 mg and HCTZ 12.5 mg + amlodipine 10 mg + spironolactone 25 mg

Locations

Country Name City State
Japan Jichi Medical Univercity Shimotsuke Tochigi

Sponsors (1)

Lead Sponsor Collaborator
Biomedis International Ltd.

Country where clinical trial is conducted

Japan, 

Outcome

Type Measure Description Time frame Safety issue
Primary the prevention of recurrent stroke. Hypertensive patients with history of stroke are treated with stepwise multi-drug therapy to achieve BP target less than 120/80 mmHg in the strict BP group and BP target less than 140/90 mmHg or less than 130/80 mmHg for patients with DM/CKD/old MI in the standard BP group. The participants under the BP treatment achieving their respective BP target will be followed for recurrence of stroke. The study continues until the number of patients with the first recurrent stroke reaches a total of 339 between the two groups. Until the first recurrent stroke reaches a total of 339 between the two groups Yes
Secondary The incidence of events other than stroke Under the strict BP control, not only the recurrence of stroke but also occurrence of cardiovascular events (such as myocardial infarction and heart failure), angioplasty, and death will be reduced.
Separate hypothesis: Additionally, occurrence and exacerbation of dementia is also decreased under the strict BP control in comparison with the standard control.
Until the first recurrent stroke reaches a total of 339 between the two groups Yes
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