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In a group of patients with PAH treated with treprostinil, the current study aims to investigate the effect of treatment on RV structure and function; and correlate changes in RV structure and function with: World Health Organisation (WHO) class, Six-minute walk test, Quality of life (QoL), and Pre-specified biomarkers (N-terminal B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-ProBNP), Tissue growth factor-B B-type natriuretic peptide BNP, and Profibrotic markers)
The ballistocardiography (BCG) and the seismocardiography (SCG) are old techniques recording the vibrations at the skin level generated by the acceleration and displacement of the blood and cardiac mass at each cardiac contraction. The former records the acceleration near the subject's center of mass, the latter at the local chest wall. So far, the unclear physiological origin of those acceleration signals has led to important ambiguities in their scientific and clinical interpretation. Therefore, several ongoing studies would aim to highlight the physiological genesis of those acceleration-induced signals. Indeed, the main objective of this study is to correlate the BCG and SCG signals recorded at the body surface with several haemodynamic parameters recorded invasively during a cardiac catheterisation, pulmonary pressure, wedge pressure, cardiac output to cite a few.
This study aims to evaluate the efficacy and safety of inhaled treprostinil in subjects with sarcoidosis-associated interstitial lung disease and pulmonary hypertension.
Concordance between walking tests and pedometer data may seem like a logical outcome for pulmonary hypertension (PH) patients. However, many individuals have discordant results: results much worse or better during an in-hospital walking test as compared to real life activity. The primary objective of this study is: to determine variables associated with discordance between the distance walked during an in-hospital 6-minute walking test (6MWT) and the average distance travelled per day (observed over a period of 28 days (2 × 14 days) using a pedometer) among PH patients.
The endothelin receptor antagonist macitentan showed significant improvement compared with placebo in pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR) and 6-minute walking distance (6MWD) in inoperable CTEPH patients in the phase II MERIT-1 trial (AC-055E201, NCT02021292). However, in the MERIT-1 trial Japanese patients were not included. Therefore, in line with Japan's medical environment, this phase III study is to confirm the efficacy and safety of macitentan in Japanese CTEPH patients.
To evaluate the safety and efficacy of first-line combination therapy using riociguat with ambrisentan in patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension (PAH).
Chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension (CTEPH) is a severe but treatable disease that is commonly underdiagnosed. Computed tomography lung subtraction iodine mapping (CT-LSIM) in addition to standard CT pulmonary angiography (CTPA) may improve the evaluation of suspected chronic pulmonary embolism and improve the diagnostic pick up rate. The investigators aim to recruit 100 patients suspected of having CTEPH and perform CT-LSIM scans in addition to the current gold standard test of nuclear medicine test (lung single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging) as a pilot study which will contribute to and inform the definitive trial. The diagnostic accuracy of CT-LSIM and lung SPECT will be compared. The primary outcome of the full definitive study is non-inferiority of CT-LSIM versus lung SPECT imaging.
This study is a effectiveness study of the application of high-definition enhanced computed-tomography for patients with chronic thromboembolic pulmonary hypertension(CTEPH).The patients with CTEPH was randomized into 2 groups,precise pulmonary endarterectomy group(guided by enhanced CT scanning) and traditional pulmonary endarterectomy group,the hemodynamic changes tested with right sided heart catherization from baseline to post-operative period and end-point including peri-operative deaths,follow-up mortality,follow-up parameters of ultrasonic cardiogram(UCG),right-sided heart catherization(RHC),nuclear magnetic resonance imaging(MRI),cardiac pulmonary exercise test(CPET) are documented,so as to compare the prognosis between these 2 groups.
This open-label study will evaluate the safety of continued therapy with inhaled treprostinil in subjects who have completed Study RIN-PH-304. This study hypothesizes that long-term safety findings will be similar to those observed in the randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, adaptive study 'A Phase 3, Randomized, Placebo-controlled, Double-blind, Adaptive Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of Inhaled Treprostinil in Patients with Pulmonary Hypertension due to Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (PH-COPD)(RIN-PH-304).
This is an open-label, single-center study to examine distinguishing features of the structure and function of the oral and gut microbiome in volunteers with PH in the breakdown of oral nitrate and effect on hemodynamics.