View clinical trials related to Human Immunodeficiency Virus.Filter by:
Cardiac steatosis is increased among individuals with HIV, and may predispose to cardiac mechanical dysfunction and subsequent heart failure. The pathogenesis and treatment of cardiac steatosis is not well understood. The investigators have previously shown that perturbed growth hormone (GH) secretion in HIV contributes to ectopic fat accumulation in the viscera and the liver. Moreover, the investigators have found that augmentation of endogenous GH secretion with the FDA-approved medication tesamorelin reduces visceral and hepatic fat. In this longitudinal observational study, the investigators will examine patients with HIV and abdominal fat accumulation who either plan or do not plan to initiate tesamorelin prescribed clinically. The investigators hypothesize that blunted GH secretion in HIV is associated with cardiac steatosis. The investigators also hypothesize that use of tesamorelin for 6 months is associated with a reduction in intramyocardial fat and preserved cardiac function.
This study evaluates the use of a social-network approach to encourage African-American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) to adopt pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection. Thirty-six networks of AAMSM will be recruited in Milwaukee, WI, and Cleveland, OH. Half of these networks will have their leaders trained to endorse PrEP to their social network members, and the other half will be given brief HIV prevention counseling.
The purpose of this study is to collect quantitative data related to developing and testing a couple-based intervention (CBI) for HIV-positive women's medication adherence in the region of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. The CBI, called START (Supporting Treatment for Anti-Retroviral Therapy) Together, will be a manualized intervention focused on women's ART adherence and enhancing the couple's communication and problem-solving behavior. The preliminary efficacy of the CBI on HIV-positive women's ART adherence, men's HIV testing, and HIV-positive men's linkage to care will be compared to a control condition of referrals to usual HIV care.
Efavirenz (EFV)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains the preferred regimen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children aged 3 years or older on rifampin-containing antituberculosis (anti-TB) therapy. This is because drug interactions between first-line anti-TB therapy with protease inhibitors (PIs) are more severe to adjust for, and interactions with integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) are not well studied in that age group. Although, current weight-based EFV dosing recommendation is not optimal in some children, pharmacokinetic-treatment response (PK-PD) data to guide optimal dosing of EFV during concurrent rifampin-containing therapy in children is very limited. The study team propose that EFV concentrations outside the optimal therapeutic range in children will be associated with virologic failure due to lack of efficacy because of low concentrations or increased central nervous system (CNS) toxicities from high concentrations leading to poor medication adherence. The study will determine virological suppression rates in HIV-infected children with and without TB coinfection treated with standard efavirenz-based therapy and examine the factors contributing to poor virologic response.
Lack of quality-assured pediatric formulations of the first-line antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs is barrier to optimized tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcome in children. In 2010 and subsequently modified in 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended increased dosages of the first-line anti-TB drugs for children, but there were no child-friendly fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulations based on the guidelines. A large proportion of children treated with the new guidelines using old formulations did not achieve the desired rifampin peak concentration (Cmax) > 8 mg/L and pyrazinamide Cmax > 35 mg/L. The TB Alliance and the WHO led the development of a new child-appropriate isoniazid/rifampin/pyrazinamide (HRZ) and isoniazid/rifampin (HR) FDC formulation in line with current WHO recommended dosing guidelines. The new formulations dissolve quickly in liquid, have palatable fruit flavors, and are expected to improved daily adherence but no studies have evaluated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the FDC formulation in children. The study team hypothesize that the new dispersible HRZ FDC tablet, dosed according to current WHO weight-band dosing recommendations will result in better PK parameters for each drug component than that achieved by the old formulation.
This clinical trial seeks to determine if male-centered recruitment increases men's testing for HIV and whether or not individualized introduction to clinics increases male engagement in treatment for HIV. The study is being conducted in rural KwaZulu Natal.
HIV infection is associated to premature decline of serum testosterone. However, prevalence and biochemical characterization of hypogonadism in HIV-infected men are still to be well defined. HIV-infection is strongly associated to erectile dysfunction in men, but preliminary data suggest that it is poorly associated with serum testosterone in this context.
The pathophysiology from anal HPV infection to Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia is less well understood than cervical HPV infection. In cervical screening programs it is well accepted that the sole presence of a high-risk HPV strain (irrespective of number of viral particles) is sufficient to justify further investigation and treatment. The investigators hypothesize that in anal HPV infection not only the presence but the extent of HPV infection (single genotype viral load) or combination of different HPV genotypes (cumulative viral load) is of importance in determining the risk of anal dysplasia.
The purpose of this study is to learn more about both HIV-1 infection and advancing age, alone and in combination, and their association with increased risk of serious infection and impaired response to the Prevnar 13 vaccine.
Historically, the database on the HIV was organized within the framework of the medico-economic file of the human immunodeficiency (DMI-2), introduced jointly by the Direction of Hospitals (Mission AIDS) and the INSERM at the end of the 80s. Today this database is fed via the computerized medical record NADIS. Most part of the research works on the theme of the HIV take support on this database (DAD, EuroAIDS, Neuradapt).