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Depression is one of the most common psychiatric diseases, with prevalence estimates ranging from 5% to 20%. Depression is now recognized as a brain disease; it can be managed and treated effectively with a wide range of options, but its biological basis is still far from clear. Studies of monozygotic and dizygotic twin pairs suggest polygenic inheritance, with an overall heritability estimate between 40% and 70 %. Gene-environment interaction has been recognized for a long time in the pathophysiology of depression, and its best biological substratum at present is represented by the serotonin transporter (5-HTT) gene. It would be interesting to study association between the novel allelic variants or at least the triallelic 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and depression. Depression is common in patients with end-stage renal disease and to occur in about 20% to 30% of hemodialysis patients. Interferon-induced depression is estimated up to 50% among patients with hepatitis C. Several sets of observations support the supposition that cytokines, and proinflammatory cytokines in particular, are involved in depressive disorders. Depression sufferers have been reported to have elevated blood levels of interleukin 1 (IL-1), IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α).
This pilot study aims to produce preliminary data on the safety of providing high-protein meals to patients during dialysis, and effects of this intervention on nutritional status and quality of life outcomes. This is a non-randomized, parallel arm study. Meals provided will follow recommended dietary guidelines for HD patients and will provide approximately 1/3 of daily recommended protein intake. Patients will be allocated to either the treatment or control group by HD shift schedule. 2 months of baseline data will be collected, followed by 9 weeks of meal intervention/control and data collection. The primary outcome will be frequency of hypotensive events during dialysis requiring intervention. Secondary outcomes will include highest and lowest systolic blood pressure during dialysis, blood biochemistries including measures of renal function, nutritional status, and electrolyte balance; dialysis compliance; fluid retention; sleep and other quality of life measures; and dietary intake data.
An important reason for the costs of hemodialysis treatment in China are expensive is the hemodialysis machine and related products mainly rely on imports. Hemodialysis machine is the basis equipment of the hemodialysis treatment. After years of research and development, China has had the domestic hemodialysis machine. However, due to the lack of control studies of domestic and imported hemodialysis machine, thus causing the domestic hemodialysis machine promotion has been hindered. The aim of this study is to verify the quality and safety of domestic hemodialysis machine.
The objective of this study will be to evaluate the effects of neuromuscular electrical stimulation of high and low frequency and intensity, performed during hemodialysis (HD), on peripheral muscle strength, exercise capacity and muscle change and inflammation markers in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD).
The objective of this study is to assess whether supplementation with resistant starch from the rice-flour coffee developed by EMBRAPA, as well as from an already industrialized product (Hi-Maize of Ingredion®) could modulate the intestinal microbiota of patients with CKD ( both patients under conservative treatment, such as dialysis treatment), as well as exerting a beneficial effect with respect to reducing levels of inflammatory markers of oxidative stress, uremic toxins and in addition, markers of cardiovascular disease.
The purpose of our study is to compare physical examination alone to color Doppler ultrasonography (CDUS) vascular mapping and physical examination in terms of outcomes of vascular access and long-term patency.
The main purpose of this study is to compare the Human Acellular Vessel (HAV) with ePTFE grafts when used for hemodialysis access.
This is a non randomized crossover trial investigating whether changing the pattern of bicarbonate administration during hemodialysis will result in the more efficient filtration of highly protein bound solutes. The experimental group will be dialyzed with low bicarbonate dialysate for the first half of dialysis then switched over to normal bicarbonate dialysate for the second half. The control group will be dialyzed entirely with normal bicarbonate dialysate. The two groups will switch one week late and patients will serve as their own matched controls for a completely standard dialysis and one that is split into two halves with different bicarbonate concentrations.
This study evaluates the use of remote ischaemic preconditioning for the prevention of dialysis induced cardiac injury. The study uses four arms to test different frequencies of application to ascertain which, if any, is most successful at reducing dialysis induced cardiac injury.
This is a prospective, randomized, double-blind, parallel group trial to assess the efficacy and safety of intravenous dextrose 5% solution compare with normal saline (standard care) in wash back procedure during haemodialysis in patients with end stage renal failure (ESRF) with respect to systolic blood pressure control over 3 months period. The primary objective is to establish efficacy of 5% dextrose solution compared with normal saline (0.9% sodium chloride solution) with respect to systolic blood pressure control in subjects with end stage renal failure (ESRF) on regular hemodialysis. Secondary objectives include monitoring the change in body weight, thirst level and body fluid volume.