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The primary purpose of this study is to show whether WBV application has antispastic effect. The secondary aim is to demonstrate whether WBV has neuromodulatory activity on increased stretch reflex and motor neuron activity, which is the basis of the pathophysiology of spasticity.Hypotheses of this study:Whole body vibration in poststroke hemiplegia reduces ankle plantar flexion spasticity. 1. WBV ; reduces plantar flexor spasticity after stroke 2. WBV decreases poststroke spasticity, by decreasing increased stretch reflex and motor neuron activity.
Aims: To establish whether the effectiveness of conventional treatment is increased when it is complemented with video-based therapy, whether specific rehabilitation or commercial after subacute stroke. Design: Randomized clinical trial with pre / post-test and follow-up evaluation, assessor blinded study. Methodology: Three different groups: conventional treatment, conventional treatment and commercial videogame, or conventional treatment and specific rehabilitation videogame. The three groups completed 12 sessions.
This study is a necessary and important step in the development of a new therapy for upper limb functional recovery in patients with severe motor impairment. It is the first clinical trial of non-invasive brain stimulation (repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation or rTMS) delivered to excite the undamaged hemisphere (specifically the contralesional higher motor cortices or cHMC) in stroke. Therefore, this study will determine whether the positive results obtained in our short-term pilot study can be made to last longer and produce functional benefits in severe patients with the application of brain stimulation in combination with long-term rehabilitation therapy. Rehabilitation therapy administered is called contralaterally controlled functional electrical stimulation (CCFES). Determining whether combining rTMS facilitating the cHMC with CCFES produces synergistic gains in functional abilities in severe patients is necessary for acceptance by the clinical community and to move this technology toward commercialization and widespread dissemination. The proposed study will determine whether the combination of rTMS facilitating the cHMC with CCFES produces greater improvements in upper extremity function in severe participants who are ≥6 months from stroke onset than the combination of rTMS facilitating the damaged hemisphere (specifically the ipsilesional primary motor cortex, iM1) and CCFES or the combination of sham rTMS and CCFES. The secondary purposes are to define which patients benefit most from the treatments, which may inform future device and treatment development and clinical translation, and to explore what distinct effects the three treatments have on the brain. To accomplish these purposes, we are conducting a clinical trial that enrolls severe stroke patients.
The purpose of this thesis is to research the effect of oral baclofen treatment and botulinum toxin injection treatments over the electromyographic nociceptive flexor reflex (NFR) threshold in hemiplegic patients with spasticity. The results of the study evaluated the Modified Ashworth Scale, joint range of motion, muscle strength, Brunnstrom stages, Barthel daily life activities index, electromyographic nociceptive flexor reflex (NFR) threshold.
An observational study aiming to study the natural history of a UK-wide patient cohort with ATP1A3-related disease.
This randomised controlled study will investigate the effectiveness of isokinetic strengthening on the upper extremity functionality and strength in post-stroke hemiplegic patients.
This research study is to find out if brain stimulation at different dosage level combined with an efficacy-proven rehabilitation therapy can improve arm function. The stimulation technique is called transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS). The treatment uses direct currents to stimulate specific parts of the brain affected by stroke. The adjunctive rehabilitation therapy is called "modified Constraint-Induced Movement Therapy" (mCIMT). During this therapy the subject will wear a mitt on the hand of the arm that was not affected by a stroke and force to use the weak arm. The study will test 3 different doses of brain stimulation in combination with mCIMT to find out the most promising one.
People with one arm that does not function well due to a stroke, head injury, or cerebral palsy, and a fully functional other arm, will be randomly assigned to receive one of the two interventions first, followed by the other intervention. The two interventions include a task-based intervention and a virtual reality intervention that provides a reflected image of the involved arm. The task-based intervention will consist of setting up activities of interest to be done using the involved arm and structuring practice and meaningful feedback to assist learning. The virtual reality intervention will consist of the person wearing the virtual reality device and practicing virtual tasks using the intact arm while seeing the involved arm. Intervention sessions will last approximately 30 minutes and will be held 3 times/week for 3 weeks each for a total of 9 sessions for each intervention. Testing of the involved arm's function will be done before the interventions, after receiving 9 sessions of each intervention, and one month after completing the second intervention received.
Specific clinical tools and treatment variables have a key role on the results to be obtained. Therefore, there is a need for well-planned studies on the effect of Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES) on stroke patients. Although NMES is frequently used in patients with stroke, scientific evidence regarding back extensor muscle stimulation, functional capacity, balance and mobility efficiency in this patient group is not sufficient. This study was planned to compare controlled individuals with neurological rehabilitation. According to the definition of World Health Organization (WHO) stroke; It is a rapidly developing clinical condition due to local or general impairment of brain functions, without apparent cause other than vascular causes. In the world, the loss of disability and labor force is known as the first and the second cause of deaths. Post-stroke intensive care and rehabilitation processes vary between countries. For example, in Australia, $ 2.14 billion is spent each year for the treatment of stroke-diagnosed individuals, while US $ 65 million is spent annually. For these reasons, it is very important to choose low-cost, effective and evidence-based physiotherapy approaches for people with stroke. Hemiparesis, which is characterized by a loss of power on one side of the body, is the most common neurological loss after stroke. Patients with hemiparetic stroke often have impaired balance, mobility and functional capacity. This results in a high economic burden and social problem in this person. Among the functional problems after stroke; impaired balance, abnormal walking pattern with abnormal asymmetry, abnormal body and spinal movement can be shown. The most important problem is the loss of mobility; bed activities include sitting and standing. The most important goal of stroke rehabilitation is the recovery of mobility and balance. Changes in walking pattern and balance abilities occur due to motor control loss, spasticity, muscle weakness, joint motion deficit, abnormal movement patterns and sensory dysfunction. In addition to neurophysiological treatment techniques such as Bobath, conventional exercise programs, Brunnstrom and proprioceptive neuromuscular parasilication, with the aim of improving the quality of movement and maintaining the balance in rehabilitation of stroke-diagnosed patients, electrical stimulation is also used.Although the importance of back extensor muscle strength is documented in the literature, it is observed that studies focusing on back extensor muscle strength in limb rehabilitation are limited. Control disorders in the posterior extensor muscles after stroke are found to be significantly associated with balance, gait and upper extremity dysfunctions. Based on this idea, our study was planned to examine the effect of NMEs application on functional capacity, balance and mobility in stroke individuals.
Background and purpose: Spasticity, a common impairment after stroke, has a profound negative impact on patients' functional activities. Botulinum toxin A (BoNT-A) injection is effective in reducing spasticity. However, the optimal training program post BoNT-A injection remains uncertain. Constraint-induced movement therapy (CIMT) is the most investigated intervention with promising effects for improving upper extremity (UE) function and increasing use frequency of the affected limb in ADL. The CIMT has strict inclusion criteria, which might not be suitable for a majority of patients who have moderate to severe spasticity. Therefore the aims of this study are to determine the clinical and kinematic benefits and compare the effect of Robotic mCIMT with conventional upper extremity rehabilitation training in patient with spastic hemiplegia post BoNT-A injection. Methods: Investigators conducted a power analysis based on the findings of previous research. Investigators took Wolf Motor Function Test -Functional Ability Scale into account, with an overall effect size of 0.79, a power set at 0.80, and a two-sided type I error of 0.05. The sample size calculation resulted in 27 participants per group, allowing for a 20% dropout rate, total 64 patients will be recruited. Those patients will receive BoNT-A injection and then be randomly assigned to either Robotic mCIMT group (1 hour unilateral robotic therapy, followed by 30 minutes of functional practice of affected UE using shaping technique, 3/week for 8 weeks and restraint of the unaffected limb at home for 2 hrs per day ) or control group (conventional upper extremity rehabilitation training 1.5 hours per session, 3/week for 8 weeks and home exercise 2 hrs per day). Body function and structures outcome measures, such as Fugl-Meyer Assessment, Actigraph ; activity and participation measures, such as Wolf Motor Function Test, Motor Activity Log, will be assessed before, after intervention, and 3 months post-intervention. Investigators will also monitor the kinematic data of InMotion 3.0 robot across the whole course of Robotic mCIMT to see how the Robotic mCIMT following BoNT-A injection impacts motor learning process of the participants. Analysis: To evaluate the treatment effects of the outcome measures, 2 groups (Robotic mCIMT or control) * 3 times (before intervention, after intervention, and 3 months after intervention) repeated-measure ANOVA will be used. Conclusion: This study will be the first study to compare the Robotic mCIMT and conventional upper extremity rehabilitation training post BoNT-A injection. The results will provide clinicians with the appropriate program post BoNT-A injection to improve upper limb functions for patients with hemiplegic spastic stroke.