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The primary purpose of this study is to investigate the evolution of Right Ventricular (RV) function before and after left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation, using novel echocardiographic quantification of RV size and function in combination with comprehensive hemodynamic, laboratory and clinical parameters. The findings of the study will enhance prediction of early and late development of postoperative right-sided heart failure (RHF) and subsequent mortality and morbidity. The secondary purpose of the study is to combine echocardiographic, hemodynamic, laboratory, and clinical data to define optimal management strategies of RHF after LVAD implantation.
Prior to reperfusion therapy, the major therapeutic breakthrough in myocardial infarction was the demonstration that ACE inhibitors or ARBs, given to prevent adverse "remodelling" (progressive dilatation and decline in systolic function) in high risk patients, reduced the likelihood of developing heart failure and the risk of death. The neurohumoral systems which are activated in patients after myocardial infarction (and in heart failure) are not all harmful and some endogenous systems may be protective. The best recognised of these is the natriuretic peptide system. A- and B-type natriuretic peptides are secreted by the heart when it is stressed and these peptides promote vasodilation (reducing left ventricular wall stress), stimulate renal sodium and water excretion (i.e. antagonising the retention of salt and water characterising heart failure) and inhibit pathological growth i.e. hypertrophy and fibrosis (key components of the adverse left ventricular remodelling that occurs after infarction and in heart failure).The augmentation of plasma levels of endogenous natriuretic peptides can be achieved through inhibition of neutral endopeptidase, also known as neprilysin (NEP), which is responsible for the breakdown of natriuretic peptides. Recently, the addition of neprilysin inhibition to blockade of the RAAS (using sacubitril/valsartan), compared with RAAS blockade alone, reduced the risk of heart failure hospitalisation and death in patients with HF-REF. These exciting findings may lead to a new approach to the treatment of heart failure, with an angiotensin receptor neprilysin inhibitor (ARNI) replacing an ACE inhibitor as one of the fundamental treatments for this condition. We believe that the same approach may be beneficial in highrisk survivors of myocardial infarction. Recently, sacubitril/valsartan was shown to ameliorate adverse left ventricular remodelling in an experimental model of acute myocardial infarction. The objective of the present proposal is to gather "proof-ofconcept", mechanistic, evidence in humans to support adoption of this new approach in patients at high risk after myocardial infarction as a result of residual left ventricular systolic dysfunction.
Assessment of Biomarkers in Patients with Decompensated Heart Failure and Underlying Coronary Artery Disease
The positive effect of physical training in patients with heart failure (HF) has been increasingly established. However, the presence of atrial fibrillation (AF), mainly in its permanent form, makes the clinical condition of the patients more compromised.
Patients with unexplained stress dyspnea ( ≥ stage 2 NYHA), no significant underlying lung disease, with an ejection fraction > 50%, normal resting filling pressures, NTproBNP < 220 pg/ml in < 75 years, and < 450 pg/ml in ≥ 75 years will be studied with stress echocardiography and cardiometabolic stress test (VO2). These patients may have abnormal adaptation during exercise, suggesting that chronic symptoms may be related to a heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFPEF). More accurate and earlier diagnosis of HFPEF using stress echocardiography and VO2 may better manage stress dyspnea in patients and prevent progression of HFPEF. A clinical assessment will be offered to people with unexplained stress dyspnea. The procedures and products used in this study are usually used as part of HFpEF's diagnostic strategy. During this assessment, carried out on an outpatient basis, an anamnesis collection, a cardiovascular clinical examination, an evaluation of dyspnea by the NYHA functional class and by 2 questionnaires, an electrocardiogram will be carried out, a 6-minute walk test, a biological blood test, a trans thoracic rest and stress cardiac ultrasound, respiratory functional tests (with diffusion capacity of lung for carbon monoxide (DLCO) and blood gas), and a metabolic stress test. A follow-up at 1 and 2 years is planned (visit, sampling and resting echocardiography).
The overall goal of this PET-MR imaging trial is to evaluate 11C-Martinostat, a histone deacetylase targeted radioligand, in patients with aortic stenosis, individuals with diabetes, and healthy volunteers.
Introduction. Heart failure (HF) is the most prevailing chronic illness in the world. In Colombia, high morbidity and mortality rates because of HF are registered, as well as a significant burden of symptoms, frequent hospitalizations, poor quality of life, significant consumption of health resources and early mortality. It is necessary to propose novel strategies that can change the current picture. Objective: determine the efficacy of an intervention centered in decision taking for the handling of symptoms in adults with HF who live in the department of Cordoba, Colombia. Hypothesis Primary hypothesis: the intervention Decision taking for the handling of symptoms in adults with HF: 1) Increases self-care. Secondary hypothesis: 1) reduces clinical events: emergency care and hospitalizations, 3) Improves quality of life related to health.
Amino Terminal pro-Brain Natriuretic Peptide (NTproBNP) is secreted in conditions of cardiac wall stress. NTproBNP levels are used in addition to clinical assessment to diagnose heart failure (HF). The purpose of this clinical study is to collect data to substantiate the use of the VITROS NT-proBNP II assay.
The primary hypothesis in this trial is that the treatment with vericiguat 10 mg or 15 mg in patients with HFpEF improves the KCCQ PLS (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Physical limitation score) compared to placebo after 24 weeks of treatment.
Heart failure causes a large patient and financial burden on the health care system. Pocket ultrasound imaging devices are utilized to improve time to correct diagnosis. Telemedicine is used in a variety of medical professions today. A combination of focused handheld ultrasound imaging performed by general practitioners and dedicated nurses in a heart failure population, utilizing telemedicine for support, has not yet been studied. The aim of the study is to evaluate the feasibility, reliability and clinical influence of implementing handheld focused cardiac ultrasound by general practitioners and nurses for diagnostics and health-related expenditure in outpatients referred with suspected heart failure.