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This study is designed to demonstrate feasibility of study conduct and that acceptable adherence to adaptive servo-ventilation (ASV) therapy can be achieved in recently hospitalized HFpEF patients with moderate to severe sleep apnea. All subjects meeting the criteria will receive ASV therapy.
The study addresses the hypothesis that a gradual build-up in arterial resistance and microvascular endothelial dysfunction due to common comorbidities such as hypertension and diabetes mellitus, on top of age related vascular and cardiac changes (mainly fibrosis and hypertrophy), is responsible for HFpEF. The HFpEF syndrome is commonly seen in elderly subjects (often females) with hypertension and diabetes. The investigators will investigate the vascular function, cardiovascular performance and myocardial fibrosis in different cohorts of subjects to try and prove this hypothesis. There will be 5 groups of subjects, all ≥ 70 years of age, as follows: A) Normal healthy volunteers without major comorbidities including hypertension or diabetes B) Patients with hypertension only (without diabetes mellitus) C) Patients with hypertension AND diabetes mellitus D) Patients with HFpEF. E) A parallel group of patients with Heart Failure with reduced Ejection Fraction (HFrEF) group. Arterial resistance measured by pulse wave velocity will be the primary measure and will be compared between groups A to D. A separate comparison will be made between groups D and E. Other secondary measures will focus on endothelial function (Laser Doppler measurements) and other cardiovascular performance measures (peak VO2 by CPEX, 6-minute walk distance). Bloods samples will be taken for NT-proBNP, high sensitivity Troponin T, Galectin 3 and also stored for testing later for vascular biomarkers.
This study investigates the effects of a 12-week high-intensity interval training (HIT) on exercise tolerance, functional status and quality of life in patients with chronic heart failure with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF), in comparison to a control group continuing to undergo usual care.
Heart failure often causes fluid to accumulate in the body, leading to congestion and swelling. However, some people who have had heart failure for a long time seem to have very little congestion or swelling, even when the heart failure is poorly treated. The investigators think that this is because lymphatic vessels are able to grow and remove fluid to prevent congestion. The investigators do not know how lymphatic vessels grow. This study will investigate the blood levels of various proteins to try to figure out how the lymph vessels of people with long-standing heart failure might grow.
The WHISH-2-Prevent Heart Failure (HF) study is an ancillary study to the Women's Health Initiative Strong and Healthy (WHISH) exercise pragmatic trial. The WHISH-2-Prevent HF trial examines the intervention effect of physical activity (PA) on both incident HF and HF burden (recurrent HF and CVD death in those with HF) in a cost effective manner in elderly women. In addition, it will allow a dose-finding analysis to better understand the type, intensity and frequency of PA that leads to a reduced risk and burden of HF. The focus of the parent WHISH trial is on atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and not heart failure.
The primary objective of the study is to investigate safety and efficacy of transendocardial CD34+ cell therapy in patients with HFpEF by evaluating changes in myocardial structure and function, myocardial perfusion and electrical activity, biomarkers of neurohormonal activation, patient exercise capacity and clinical outcome. The secondary objective of the study is to better define the patophysiological background of HFpEF by the use of multimodality imaging platform, which will include data from electro-anatomical mapping, cardiac MRI, 2D and 3D echocardiography, high resolution electrocardiography, and cardiac catheterization
The primary objective of this study is to • Assess the pharmacodynamic profile of riociguat in subjects with symptomatic pulmonary hypertension and heart failure with preserved ejection fraction The secondary objectives of this study are to - Assess safety and tolerability of riociguat in this study population - Assess changes in dimensions of left and right ventricles and cardiac function parameters using cardiac magnetic resonance imaging
Heart failure (HF) with preserved ejection fraction (HFpEF) has become the most prevalent form of HF in developed countries. Despite its increasing in prevalence, there is no evidence-based effective therapy for HFpEF The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether inspiratory muscle training (IMT), functional electrical stimulation (FES), or combination of both improve exercise capacity as well as left ventricular diastolic function, biomarkers' profile, quality of life (QoL) and prognosis in patients with HFpEF.
StiffMAP-HFpEF trial is an investigator initiated, observational, single-center study that will evaluate whether fibrosis quantification by cardiac MRI correlates with left and right ventricular stiffness derived from pressure-volume analysis, aiming to clarify if cardiac MRI is a valid, non-invasive method to assess diastolic function in patients with Heart Failure with preserved ejection fraction.
- Heart Failure with Preserved Ejection Fraction (HFpEF) is a common form of heart failure - Standard treatment for heart failure, show less than ideal results in HFpEF - Evidence of systemic inflammation is common in all forms of heart failure, including HFpEF - The main hypothesis of this study is that systemic inflammation contributes to heart failure symptoms and exercise limitations in patients with HFpEF - The main objective is to treat patients with HFpEF and evidence of systemic inflammation with an anti-inflammatory drug targeting Interleukin-1 (or placebo) to determine effects on cardiovascular function