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Clinical Trial Summary

This study aims to find out if consuming a single dose of blueberries, rich in anthocyanins, within an energy dense meal, improves blood vessel function and biomarkers of heart health. The study specifically aims to confirm if differences in how individuals process the bioactive compounds in blueberries, called anthocyanins, has an influence on heart health. The investigators will assess the effects of eating one portion of blueberries on vascular health over a 48hour period, and will track the breakdown compounds within blood and urine, to see if health effects are related to metabolism.

Clinical Trial Description

The primary aim of this cross-over designed, placebo controlled, acute dietary intervention study, is to prospectively recruit participants on the basis of anthocyanin metabolism profiles (based on profiles confirmed in our previous studies) following a 'blueberry challenge'. Acute cardio and metabolic function responses will be assessed (by metaboliser profile), following an energy dense test meal with/without the addition of blueberries.

Participants will be healthy, but overweight and obese (BMI inclusion: ≥ 25kg/m2) men and women (aged 50 y to 80 y), who will initially undertake a 'blueberry challenge' by consuming a single dose of freeze dried blueberries. Anthocyanin metaboliser type will be profiled from the analysis of metabolites within urine, collected for 48h following the 'challenge'.

A total of 70 participants will complete the intervention (n=35 FAST and n=35 SLOW metabolisers) which consists of two, test meal periods (separated by at least 7d and allocated in random order); 1) energy dense test meal plus freeze dried blueberries, 2) energy dense test meal plus an isocaloric matched placebo material. Urine samples and ambulatory blood pressure measures will be collected for 24h prior to, and then over the 48h period which follows the test meal intake. Further assessment of vascular and metabolic function will be made at pre-defined times over the 48h postprandial period. Dietary restrictions to abstain from blueberries and reduce the anthocyanin intake level, will be applied for 5d before each test meal intake. In addition, all food and drink will be provided for a 4d period (2d before and during the 48h following the energy dense test meal) to further control the intake of flavonoids and to standardise the influence of background diet on metabolism profile. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03869086
Study type Interventional
Source University of East Anglia
Contact Peter J Curtis, PhD
Phone +44 1603 591873
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date April 29, 2019
Completion date October 2020

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