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Clinical Trial Summary

The hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection rate among renal transplant recipients was reported from 3% to 20.9%. And patient survival and graft survival rates following renal transplantation may be worsen in HBsAg-positive carriers than in HBsAg-negative recipients. Due to viral replication in asymptomatic HBV carriers induced by post-transplant immunosuppression, liver-related complications, such as liver failure and bleeding, account for 37% to 57% of the mortality cases in HBsAg-positive renal allograft recipients.

Since the late 1990s, Lamivudine has been recognized as an effective and well-tolerated antiviral drug for chronic HBV infection. Lamivudine treatment among HBsAg-positive renal allograft recipients has significantly improved patient survival rates during short-term follow-up. Telbivudine is another approved nucleoside antiviral agent for patients with chronic hepatitis B (CHB). Recently, it was shown that eGFR was improved in HBV-related decompensated cirrhosis patients after 52 weeks Telbivudine treatments. Additional eGFR increase was also observed in Lamivudine experienced CHB patients after switch to Telbivudine treatment.

However, limited results were known about the renal function affected by oral anti-HBV drugs when patients received kidney transplantation. Therefore, we would like to conduct this study to evaluate the renal function of Lamivudine long term used HBsAg positive patients received kidney transplantation after switch to Telbivudine treatment. The clinical and virological outcomes will provide valuable insights of clinical practice.


Clinical Trial Description

n/a


Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT02894554
Study type Interventional
Source National Taiwan University Hospital
Contact
Status Terminated
Phase Phase 4
Start date July 2014
Completion date July 2015