View clinical trials related to Graft Versus Host Disease.Filter by:
Bone marrow transplant (BMT) patients can develop graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), a serious and potentially fatal complication. The researchers have developed a blood test to identify patients most at risk for developing severe GVHD. Patients who consent to this study will have their blood tested up to two times after BMT to determine if they are at high risk for severe GVHD. The tests will be performed one week and two weeks after BMT. Patients who are high risk will be treated with a drug called alpha-1-antitrypsin (AAT) to see if it prevents the development of severe GVHD. Patients will receive 16 doses of AAT through a catheter placed into a blood vessel over eight weeks. AAT will be given either in the hospital or the outpatient clinic two times per week. Patients will be followed for the development of severe GVHD for up to four months from the BMT and will continue to be followed at routine clinic visits for up to one year after BMT.
The purpose of this study is to find out whether compared to our standard low dose ATG with CSA, the high dose ATG without CSA minimizes the chances of relapse and chronic GVHD, without increasing the chances of other transplant complications.
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is a cellular therapy indicated in the treatment of chronic GVHD (cGVHD). In this study protocol, patients suffering from inaugural cGVHD will be treated with the association of ECP and corticosteroid treatment. Treatment will start by an induction stage with 2 sessions of ECP per week until the 10th week followed by a maintenance stage including one session every other week until the 22th week. The objective of this study is to highlight the immunological mechanism of extracorporeal photopheresis treatment. Indeed, ECP is based on an immunomodulatory immunological effect and despite several hypotheses highlighted by different teams; clear mechanisms still need to be defined. This French multicenter study realize an immunological follow-up before and during treatment to elucidate the impact of ECP on immune system of responder patient.
Retrospective case-note review to determine if nutrition via the enteral compared to the parenteral route results in better outcomes after haematopoietic cell transplantation.
The purpose of this Phase 1/2 study is to compare the safety and tolerability of four times a day (QID) dosing of a non-preserved topical ocular drop formulation of 10 vol/vol % and 30 vol/vol % of FD hPL to vehicle control eye drops in patients with Dry Eye Disease (DED) secondary to Graft vs. Host Disease (GvHD).
Low dose Rabbit Antithymocyte Globulin plus Low-dose post-transplantation cyclophosphamide as graft-versus-host disease prophylaxis in haploidentical hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for patients with hematologic malignancies
Background: About half the people who have a hematopoietic stem cell transplant using donor cells get cGVHD. This is chronic graft versus host disease. Immune cells from the donor may see the body tissues in the person as foreign and attack, causing damage. The skin is the most commonly affected organ. Most cGVHD therapies have serious side effects. The cream ruxolitinib inhibits proteins that may play a role in cGVHD. Objective: To test the safety and effectiveness of topical ruxolitinib 1.5 percent cream in people with cGVHD of the skin. Eligibility: People ages 12 and older with epidermal skin cGVHD Design: Participants will be screened with: Medical history Physical exam Blood and urine tests Skin sample taken (biopsy) to confirm the diagnosis. At the baseline visit, participants will have: Skin disease measured with rulers, photographs, and tracing the outline of skin lesions To complete questionnaires about their symptoms Blood and urine tests Some participants will also have a skin biopsy, or total body photographs while they wear only underwear. Participants will get the ruxolitinib cream and a placebo cream to apply to 2 separate areas of disease. They will do this twice a day for 6 weeks, if they do not have serious side effects. Neither the study team nor the participant will know which area will get ruxolitinib cream and the placebo cream. Participants will write down: When they apply the creams Any side effects Any medications they take Most participants will have 4 visits during the 6 weeks they use the creams. Some will have 3 visits and a phone call to see how they are doing. All participants will get a call 4-6 weeks after they stop. Visits include physical exams, blood tests, skin disease measurements, questionnaires, and photos.
This is a single-center imaging study to determine utility of in vivo imaging with [18F]F-AraG to identify sites of Graft Versus Host Disease (GVHD) in patients highly suspected of having acute GVHD who require systemic therapy, and patients at high risk for developing acute GVHD. [18F]F-AraG PET scans will be compared to biopsy results to correlate T cell accumulation which is implicated in the disease. High risk patients will be followed to verify predictive potential of [18F]F-AraG.
Extracorporeal photopheresis (ECP) is a worldwide recognized treatment of acute and chronic mild to moderate graft versus host disease (GVHD), in second or further line of treatment. Contrary to immunosuppressive drugs, ECP is not associated with side effects such as opportunistic infections, and is not associated with a higher frequency of relapse of the initial hematological disease. High intensity of ECP regimen (1 to 3 sessions per week, in case of chronic or acute GVHD) seems to be correlated to a higher efficacy. However, high intensity of ECP treatment is often difficult to sustain, because of frequent logistical problems to perform aphereses, such as venous access failure, infections of central line, deep blood cytopenias that require many transfusions before performing aphereses. Merlin et al. first described the feasibility of white blood cells cryopreservation before UVA irradiation, in vitro, then in vivo. We also recently reported the feasibility and efficacy of cryopreserved ECP in a series of 20 patients (adults and children), with acute and chronic GVHD, who had recurrent contraindications to aphereses, that prevented the realization of an intensive program of ECP. No adverse events occurred, and efficacy seemed to be similar to "classical" ECP (35% of complete overall response, and 40% of partial response). White blood cells (WBC) were divided after collection on Optia or Cellex apheresis machines: one was immediately treated with 8-MOP (methoxsalen) and ultraviolet A (UVA) irradiation, while the other was cryopreserved, and further (a few days later) thawed, sensitized with 8-MOP and irradiated before injection to the patient. The aim of this study is to analyze this method in a prospective way, with complete biological data collection, of apoptosis, cytokines release etc…, necessary to the full description of cryopreservation of white blood cells before their irradiation and reinjection to the patient. We will propose this technique of cryopreservation to every patient with an indication of ECP for acute or chronic GVHD in Nancy Hospital for 18 months.
Investigators hypothesize that combination of ATLG with PTCy in matched or mismatched unrelated hematopoietic stem cell transplantation will reduce acute and chronic GVHD incidence. Furthermore it will allow shortening of the length of post-transplantation immunosuppression with calcineurin inhibitor (CNI) administration (currently administrated in addition to ATG as GVHD prophylaxis in daily common practice)