View clinical trials related to Glucose Metabolism Disorders.Filter by:
Hyperglycemia is a well-known cardiovascular risk factor. It has also been shown that episodes of hyperglycemia increase the risk for cardiovascular diseases despite return to normoglycemia, a phenomenon termed 'glycemic or metabolic memory'. The molecular mechanism underlying this phenomenon remains unclear. Cardiovascular events, such as myocardial infarction and stroke are caused by atherosclerosis, which is characterized by low grade inflammation of the vascular wall, including accumulation of innate immune cells such as monocytes and macrophages. The investigators hypothesize that chronic hyperglycemia shifts intracellular metabolism of innate immune cells towards glycolysis and changes the epigenetic state of (progenitors of) innate immune cells (monocytes and macrophages), which reprograms these cells towards a more aggressive, pro-atherogenic phenotype, thereby accelerating atherosclerosis. In this study, the investigators aim to test this hypothesis. This research will reveal whether the innate immune cells of patients with chronic hyperglycemia show a durable shift in intracellular metabolism and epigenetic changes and whether this associates with vascular inflammation.
To test the hypothesis that GLP1 can exert favourable effects on multiple aspects of brain function. To this purpose, the investigator determine whether chronic increase in GLP1 concentration as it occurs after bariatric surgery (Roux-en- Y Gastric Bypass) is associated with improvement in: - cognitive function measured by Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE) and Mental Deterioration Battery(MDB). - brain glucose metabolism measured by FDG-CT/PET - neuroplasticity measure by binocular rivalry and saccadic adaptation tests in morbid obese subjects. In order to discern the effect of GLP1 irrespective of changes in the metabolic milieu the investigator will test whether short-term GLP-1 infusion can modulate the same parameters in healthy subjects.
Many adults who are overweight have obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) which disrupts sleep and makes it difficult to breath during the night. OSA increases the risk for a person to become insulin resistant and diabetic. It is not known why OSA causes this problem, i.e., whether it is disrupted sleep or lack of oxygen., which can change how the body handles glucose in adipose tissue, muscle tissue and liver. The purpose of this research study is to determine the key issues and mechanisms responsible for dysregulated glucose metabolism in people with OSA. The investigators will do this by comparing glucose metabolism in people who have OSA, and those who do not, and by evaluating the effect of treating OSA by providing continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) or simply oxygen during the night. The proposed study will evaluate the primary causes(s) (hypoxia, sleep fragmentation, or both) and pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for the OSA-associated metabolic abnormalities. Knowing the primary cause of Obstructive Sleep Apnea and pathophysiological mechanisms responsible for the OSA-associated metabolic abnormalities could help develop potentially novel therapeutic strategies to provide treatment for adults in improving OSA and associated comorbidities.
Insulin resistance (IR), beyond its well-defined role in the appearance and progression of diabetes mellitus (DM), is the recognized pathogenetic factor underlying vascular aging. Recently, the existence of a "cerebral" IR, responsible of the appearance and progression of many forms of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), has been hypothesized. On the other hand, it is well known that DM acts as a cardiovascular (CV) risk factor per se. In the last years it has been demonstrated that also glucose normotolerant subjects who exhibit plasma glucose levels >155 mg/dL 1h-post load, have a CV risk similar to that of diabetic patients. Thus, these category of subjects is characterized by IR and, being MCI the expression of IR in the brain, the principal hypothesis of our study is that these subjects may also develop neuropsychological alterations, earlier with respect of the general population.
Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose. Patients with diabetes need to monitor their blood glucose level several times a day to control their medical state. Modern biosensors have become a promising solution for non-invasive blood glucose measurements. This study aims to validate the efficacy and the accuracy of Glucometry Monitor (NIGM) developed by Spectrophon LTD incorporated in smart watches. Method Participants will use Spectrophon biosensors to non-invasively estimate the level of glucose in blood. Blood will also be collected and the glucose level will be checked with commercially available blood glucose analyzers . All sets of data will be compared to estimate the accuracy of measurements of Spectrophon NIGM
The order in which the different components of a meal are eaten may have impact on the postprandial metabolic responses to carbohydrates, fat and proteins. This study will compare blood lipids and glycemia regulation following lunches of identical composition but varying the order of intake of the different meal components.
The objective of DIAGNODE-2 is to evaluate the efficacy of Diamyd compared to Placebo, upon administration directly into a lymph node in combination with an oral vitamin D/Placebo regimen, in terms of preserving endogenous insulin secretion as measured by C-peptide.
This a controlled, double-blind, randomized, cross designed study to determine the effect of an alcohol-free beer with low glycemic index carbohydrates (isomaltulose) and a resistant maltodextrin, comparing to an alcohol-free beer with regular composition, on glycemic metabolism (glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin and HOMA index) in subjects with recently diagnosed diabetes mellitus and overweight or obesity. 44 subjects were randomized to consume for 10 weeks: a) two alcohol-free beers with regular carbohydrates composition per day; b) two alcohol-free beers with modified carbohydrates composition per day. Those subjects randomized to begin with A beer during 10 weeks will change to B beer during the second phase for 10 weeks and vice versa. There is a 4-8 weeks wash-out period between two phases.
This experiment consists on a 20-day reduction in daily step in free-living active individuals to induce physical inactivity. This will be used to test the efficacy of the anti-oxidant cocktail we aim to test as a new countermeasure in 2016 during the 60-d bed rest planed by ESA/CNES. The objective of this study is to investigate whether the cocktail of natural antioxidants XXS-2A comprising vitamin E and coupled with omega-3 helps to prevent and / or reduce the glucose intolerance and improve oxidative defenses induced by 20 days of physical inactivity through daily step reduction Although physical inactivity is reported to affect glucose tolerance within days of inactivity, we selected a period of 20 days for the effect of the cocktail to take place and assess secondary molecular mechanisms. The effect of this short period of inactivity on metabolism will moreover be boosted during the last 10 days by taking fructose, a sugar found in abundance in fruits, honey and juices, which is known to quickly trigger metabolic deregulation.
The effect of cholecystectomy on postprandial plasma GLP-1 responses (primary endpoint) and glucose metabolism will be evaluated in 30 patients planned to undergo elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.