View clinical trials related to Glucose Metabolism Disorders.Filter by:
Insulin resistance (IR), beyond its well-defined role in the appearance and progression of diabetes mellitus (DM), is the recognized pathogenetic factor underlying vascular aging. Recently, the existence of a "cerebral" IR, responsible of the appearance and progression of many forms of dementia and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), has been hypothesized. On the other hand, it is well known that DM acts as a cardiovascular (CV) risk factor per se. In the last years it has been demonstrated that also glucose normotolerant subjects who exhibit plasma glucose levels >155 mg/dL 1h-post load, have a CV risk similar to that of diabetic patients. Thus, these category of subjects is characterized by IR and, being MCI the expression of IR in the brain, the principal hypothesis of our study is that these subjects may also develop neuropsychological alterations, earlier with respect of the general population.
Diabetes mellitus (or diabetes) is a chronic, metabolic disease characterized by elevated levels of blood glucose. Patients with diabetes need to monitor their blood glucose level several times a day to control their medical state. Modern biosensors have become a promising solution for non-invasive blood glucose measurements. This study aims to validate the efficacy and the accuracy of Glucometry Monitor (NIGM) developed by Spectrophon LTD incorporated in smart watches. Method Participants will use Spectrophon biosensors to non-invasively estimate the level of glucose in blood. Blood will also be collected and the glucose level will be checked with commercially available blood glucose analyzers . All sets of data will be compared to estimate the accuracy of measurements of Spectrophon NIGM
The order in which the different components of a meal are eaten may have impact on the postprandial metabolic responses to carbohydrates, fat and proteins. This study will compare blood lipids and glycemia regulation following lunches of identical composition but varying the order of intake of the different meal components.
The objective of DIAGNODE-2 is to evaluate the efficacy of Diamyd compared to Placebo, upon administration directly into a lymph node in combination with an oral vitamin D/Placebo regimen, in terms of preserving endogenous insulin secretion as measured by C-peptide.
This a controlled, double-blind, randomized, cross designed study to determine the effect of an alcohol-free beer with low glycemic index carbohydrates (isomaltulose) and a resistant maltodextrin, comparing to an alcohol-free beer with regular composition, on glycemic metabolism (glucose, glycated hemoglobin, insulin and HOMA index) in subjects with recently diagnosed diabetes mellitus and overweight or obesity. 44 subjects were randomized to consume for 10 weeks: a) two alcohol-free beers with regular carbohydrates composition per day; b) two alcohol-free beers with modified carbohydrates composition per day. Those subjects randomized to begin with A beer during 10 weeks will change to B beer during the second phase for 10 weeks and vice versa. There is a 4-8 weeks wash-out period between two phases.
This experiment consists on a 20-day reduction in daily step in free-living active individuals to induce physical inactivity. This will be used to test the efficacy of the anti-oxidant cocktail we aim to test as a new countermeasure in 2016 during the 60-d bed rest planed by ESA/CNES. The objective of this study is to investigate whether the cocktail of natural antioxidants XXS-2A comprising vitamin E and coupled with omega-3 helps to prevent and / or reduce the glucose intolerance and improve oxidative defenses induced by 20 days of physical inactivity through daily step reduction Although physical inactivity is reported to affect glucose tolerance within days of inactivity, we selected a period of 20 days for the effect of the cocktail to take place and assess secondary molecular mechanisms. The effect of this short period of inactivity on metabolism will moreover be boosted during the last 10 days by taking fructose, a sugar found in abundance in fruits, honey and juices, which is known to quickly trigger metabolic deregulation.
The effect of cholecystectomy on postprandial plasma GLP-1 responses (primary endpoint) and glucose metabolism will be evaluated in 30 patients planned to undergo elective laparoscopic cholecystectomy.
This study will determine whether exposure to short-term high blood glucose levels impairs exercise-induced adaptations in glucose tolerance, and whether the pattern of high blood glucose levels plays a role.
Delineation of the role of glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor signalling in the glucose-lowering effect of metformin during meal ingestion in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Investigation of GLP-1 signalling in the glucose-lowering effect of increased carbohydrate content in the distal small intestines induced by alpha-glucosidase inhibition during meal ingestion in patients with type 2 diabetes