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Insulin has many disadvantages for mothers with GDM including the need to give injections, frequent daily testing for monitoring, and risks of hypoglycemia, increase in appetite, weight gain and high cost. Metformin, an oral biguanide, may be a more logical alternative to insulin for women with GDM who are unable to cope with the increasing insulin resistance of pregnancy. This study aim to compare maternal weight gain during pregnancy in women with gestational diabetes, treated by insulin versus metformin.
The Shenzhen Birth Cohort Study was set up to investigate the effect of early life environmental exposures on short- and long-term health consequences in Shenzhen, China.
The PKUBC-T is a prospective cohort study carried out in Tongzhou district of Beijing, China. The primary aim of this study is to investigate the short-term and long-term effects of pre-pregnant and prenatal exposure on maternal and child health. Data are collected regarding environmental, nutritional and lifestyle exposures as well as short-term and long-term health outcomes of mothers and their children from birth to 6 years old. Biological samples including blood and tissue samples are also collected from mothers and their children.
Among women with GDM, the investigators will determine if a strategy of (1) a website-based information and motivational resource bank; (2) biosensor/ePlatform-based physical activity and GWG tracking; and/or (3) a health coach will lead to more favourably outcomes; namely, GWG closer to target, higher physical activity levels, better glycemic and blood pressure control, and lower incidence of LGA in offspring. The current project is designed to assess feasibility and usability to inform the development of a large randomized controlled trial. The investigators will monitor the implementation process and examine patient-oriented outcomes, including perceptions of utility, challenges, and burden. These will be assessed through telephone-based in-depth interview. Methodology / Study design This is a feasibility randomized controlled trial with a factorial design. The investigators will recruit women with a diagnosis of GDM between 24 and 28 weeks' pregnancy. All will receive access to a website resource bank with tips and resources to optimize physical activity and dietary intake a quality during pregnancy. In addition, they will be randomized to one of the four following groups: (1) No additional intervention; (2) ePlatform-based automated support combined with pedometer-based physical activity monitoring and digital scale-based weight monitoring; (3) weekly telephone calls with a health coach to discuss physical activity, eating, gestational weight gain; (4) combination of ePlatform and telephone calls from a health coach. The investigators will evaluate recruitment rates, drop-out rates, women's perceptions of the strengths and limitations of the strategy, and ease and feasibility of outcome assessment. Assessments will be through in-clinic assessments, on-line questionnaires, clinic-based measures, mailed-in pedometers, and telephone-based interviews. Assessments will be at study entry and two to three weeks before the expected date of delivery or date of scheduled C-section. There will be a telephone-based interview at 12 weeks postpartum.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) affects 10 % of women who receive prenatal care at Instituto Nacional de Perinatología (Mexico, City). Currently, there is clear evidence on the utility of self- monitoring of capillary glucose (SMGC) to evaluate the efficacy of medical-nutrition therapy on glycemic control. However, the reports regarding the best pattern of SMGC in terms of frequency and number of determinations per day are limited. The objective of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of two SMGC schemes for monitoring glycemic control in Mexican women with GDM.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a risk factor for the development of Type 2 diabetes. Lifestyle change and metformin are equally effective in preventing diabetes in patients with a history of GDM, so these women should choose a strategy based on their preferences and values, which may vary by race/ethnicity. This proposal will engage 32 women in shared decision making about diabetes prevention.
The aim of this study is to verify the beneficial effects on insulin resistance and fetal sonographic parameters of a diet supplementation of myoinositol taken during the third trimester by pregnant women affected by gestational diabetes. Participants should be randomly allocated to take either myoinositol or placebo twice/day for 8 weeks. The effect of myoinositol will be checked in blood samples (insulinemia and Homeostasis Model Assessment - Insulin Resistance "HOMA-IR") and in fetal sonographic parameters after 4 and 8 weeks from the beginning of the nutritional supplementation.
The overall purpose of this study is to examine how natural supplements can mediate the effects of stress on fetal development during pregnancy.
Obesity before and during pregnancy is associated with a higher risk for a number of obstetric and metabolic complications in women and their offspring. Of particular importance, obese women have a higher risk of developing gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. In addition, obese women have larger offspring who have a higher risk for the development of obesity and diabetes; both largely attributed to higher maternal glycemia and glucose intolerance during pregnancy. Thus, identifying rehabilitative interventions that improve maternal and offspring metabolic and cardiovascular health in obese pregnancy are critical and have immediate and generational impact. Resistance and aerobic exercise training is a clinical staple for improving musculoskeletal, metabolic and cardiovascular health in non-gravid adolescents and adults with obesity however little is known regarding the effects of exercise during obese pregnancy. This study proposes to collect preliminary data on the independent effects of acute aerobic and resistance rehabilitative exercise on glucose metabolism and vascular function during pregnancy in n=15 obese women in order to inform a large, multisite clinical trial examining the acute and chronic effects of aerobic and resistance exercise on glucose metabolism and vascular function in normal weight, overweight and obese women during pregnancy.
The overall purpose of this intervention study is to examine whether low-carbohydrate dietary intervention will prevent the development of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) in high-risk pregnant women. The results of this study should help further our understanding of how pregnant women can help prevent gestational diabetes mellitus. We hypothesize that a lower carbohydrate diet will prevent the development of GDM.