View clinical trials related to Frail Elderly Syndrome.Filter by:
Between 20-60% of older adults experience frailty as they age. Frailty is a clinical state of increased vulnerability resulting from aging-associated declines in biological reserve across multiple physiologic systems. Because of the lack of biological reserve, relatively minor physical or psychological assaults have the potential to trigger a cascade of negative sequelae for frail older adults resulting in adverse health outcomes including mortality, disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living, hospitalization and emergency visits, and institutionalization in community-dwelling older adults. Despite the potential personal and economic consequences of frailty syndrome, frailty is not an irreversible process. For example, a 4.5-year longitudinal study conducted by Gill et al., (2006) demonstrated that of their 754 community dwelling older adults, 58% had at least one change in frailty status during the study period and that approximately one third of these transitions were from a state of greater frailty to one of lesser frailty, suggesting that it is possible to reverse the frailty trajectory. Nonetheless, we continue to lack effective means of reversing frailty or slowing the progression of older adults along the frailty continuum.The purpose of the proposed research is to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an occupational therapy intervention delivered through the primary care setting for improving frailty status and physical functioning among older adults ages 55 and older who are pre-frail when compared to usual care.
The study use a double blind, placebo-controlled design enrolling male and female subjects between 55-90 yo to evaluate the effect of daily consumption of a cocoa beverage on anthropometric, metabolic, oxidative stress, physical performance and quality of life.
This project compares two models of the Serious Illness Care Program (SICP) in primary care: clinician-focused SICP and team-based SICP. Discussion and planning for serious illness care can help patients identify what is most important to them and assure they receive care that best matches their goals and values, such as spending more time at home or not being in pain.
Background. Gastric cancer is an important health care problem even though treatment advances, and it is diagnosed mainly in elderly. Surgery is the main treatment for gastric cancer and is associated with a high rate of postoperative complications and mortality, even higher in older patients. Chronological age seems not to be the main factor influencing the worse outcome of older patients, comorbidities and frailty have also been taken into account recently. Methods. Participation in the study will be offered to all centers that are currently part of the Spanish EURECCA (EUropean REgistry of Cancer CAre) Esophagogastric Cancer Registry. The impact of the frailty on different outcome variables will be evaluated. The main outcome variable will be 90-day mortality after the intervention. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) will also be evaluated. Objective. The objective of the study is to value the impact of frailty on gastric cancer surgery outcomes therein the Spanish EURECCA Esophagogastric Cancer Registry.
1. A retrospective scoping cohort review of adult patients undergoing emergency laparotomy/laparoscopy for acute gastrointestinal (GI) pathology who have had a CT scan of the abdomen(+/- pelvis). CT measured sarcopenia would be compared with clinical outcomes, 30-day and 1-year mortality. 2. A prospective observational cohort study and bio-banking exercise of routinely collected clinical data, in a cohort of patient undergoing emergency laparotomy/laparoscopy or conservative treatment for an otherwise operable pathology. An interrogation of CT measured sarcopenia and a validated clinical frailty score would be analysed against clinical outcomes, 30-day and 1-year mortality. The investigators aim to research the association and predictive advantage of combining subjectively measured frailty, objectively measured CT sarcopenia and other risk predicting tools used in every day surgical practice and surgical outcomes (mortality and morbidity) in a cohort of acute surgical patients undergoing surgery or conservative treatment.
With increasing age and health issues associated with aging, many systemic cellular and structural changes are known to occur. The intent of this trial is to determine the safety and efficacy of delivery of autologous cellular stromal vascular fraction (cSVF) to improve the quality of life and functional health. Isolation and concentration of cSVF will be documented. To acquire autologous cSVF, a 10+ teaspoon volume of subdermal adipose (fat) tissue and stroma is removed from the trunk or upper thigh area. Using a closed system with enzymatic digestion to isolate and concentrate these cells, is followed with returning these cSVF elements only via 500 cc Normal Saline delivered via peripheral vein (IV). Documentation of cellular numbers and flow cytometer viability testing is to be correlated with clinical outcomes as reported by patients and standardized Quality of Life (QoL) form tracking
This study evaluates the use of advance care planning conversation tools with patients attending their family doctor's office. Patients complete tools about their values and wishes, and a health care provider uses a structured discussion tool to talk about the patient's health condition and future wishes. The patient's family member/substitute decision-maker is encouraged to attend and be part of the discussions.
Older people often have several chronic diseases requiring several medications all at once. Taking several medications all at once is called polypharmacy. Polypharmacy is common in nursing home residents. When people take the same medication long term, the original reason for prescribing the medication may no longer be important or a priority. Polypharmacy is associated with an increased risk of harmful side effects. STOPPfrail is a tool, designed for doctors, that highlights situations where medications may be inappropriate or harmful to frail older people. When these situations are identified, reducing or stopping the inappropriate medication should be considered. The STOPPfrail tool was developed by an expert group specializing in geriatric pharmacotherapy. In the present research study, the investigators wish to examine whether medications can be safely reduced and stopped using the STOPPfrail tool in hospitalized frail older people who are awaiting transfer to a nursing home. The investigators will assess this method by comparing its effects with those of the current standard practice of medication management. In the trial, participants are allocated to one of two groups. One group will have their medications evaluated using the STOPPfrail tool (intervention group). The other group will have their medications reviewed in the standard way (control group). The allocation of participants into these two groups will be done randomly to avoid any bias in the study. When participants are allocated to the intervention group, their physician will receive written advice designed to help him/her to adjust medications so as to minimize the risk of withdrawal reactions. The advice will be based on the STOPPfrail tool. The hospital case notes and discharge summaries of the participants taking part in the trial will be reviewed at the time of discharge from hospital. Three months after recruitment, the participant's nursing home will be contacted. Information about the number and type of medications prescribed will be requested as well as details about hospitalizations, falls and the participant's well general well-being. The main aim is to examine whether it is possible to significantly reduce the number of medications that an older frail person takes using the STOPPfrail tool. The investigators will also examine whether reducing the number of medications in this way has an effect on quality of life, unscheduled medical care, falls and the cost of medications.
It is well known that older Canadians are high users of health care services. What is less well known is that the health care system is not well-designed to meet the needs of those who use it most. Older persons look to their primary care practitioners to assess their needs and coordinate their care. Unfortunately, the health concerns of older persons are often missed in too-short office visits. They may need care from a variety of providers and services, but this care is often not well-coordinated. Older persons and their caregivers are the experts in their own needs and preferences, but often do not have a chance to participate fully in treatment decisions or care planning. As a result, they may have health problems that are not properly assessed, managed or treated resulting in poorer health, as well as preventable and expensive emergency department visits and hospital stays. Improving the health of older Canadians means identifying health problems early. It means providing timely supports so that manageable concerns do not spiral out of control. And, above all, it means helping health care providers actively engage older patients and their family caregivers as partners in care. Patients want to make informed choices about their health and the care they receive, based on their personal values, preferences and goals, and informed by available evidence. Nine primary care clinics in three provinces (Quebec, Ontario, Alberta) will use a quick screening tool to identify older patients who are at risk of becoming frail. This will help initiate referral to health care or support services where necessary. Innovative technology will be used to streamline the referral process and help assist older adults in decision-making about their care. With support from the Canadian Frailty Network (CFN, formerly TVN), researchers, collaborators, health care providers and older adults from across Canada will work together to transform primary health care for frail elderly Canadians.
This is a pilot study to evaluate whether targeting inflammation will help reduce markers of insulin resistance inflammation, bone resorption and physical dysfunction in elderly women with gait disturbance. Positive results of this study would lead to the development of a larger clinical trial examining the effects of this intervention on age-related dysfunction.