View clinical trials related to Frail Elderly Syndrome.Filter by:
There are no unbiased studies that have analyzed the effects of resistance training with traditional, heavy versus light-moderate loads on muscle, tendon and bone in elderly people. The purpose of the present study is to assess the effects on muscle mass and function, tendon and bone of two different training intensities, light-moderate vs. heavy load, in people older than 65 years old. The study will be carried out with a randomized controlled design. Participants will perform single training sessions and a 12-wk dynamic resistance training program on the knee extensors with different training intensities on each leg. One leg will train with heavy loads and the other one will train with light-moderate loads, but matching the load x repetitions performed by the contralateral side.
The aim of the study is to investigate the effect of frailty in patients ≥ 80 years admitted for elective major abdominal surgery.
The GEPOC study investigates the effect of comprehensive geriatric assessment and intervention for frail older patients (70 years or older) undergoing elective surgery for colorectal cancer. the geriatric intervention will be pre- and postoperative. included in the intervention is an exercise intervention. The main aim of the study us to see if the functional decline in this group can be reduced.
Objectives: To demonstrate the efficacy of care transition holistic intervention (Multilevel Guided Discharge Planning, MGDP) in reducing 30-day adverse outcomes among frail older patients with acute heart failure (AHF) discharged from Emergency Departments (EDs) and to validate the results of MGDP in real life. Method: Investigators will select frail patients ≥70 years with primary diagnosis of AHF discharged from EDs. The intervention will consist of MGDP implementation: 1) checklist that includes clinical recommendations and resources activations; 2) scheduling of early visit with the specialist; 3) communication with primary care; 4) providing a written instruction sheet to patient or caregiver. Phase 1: matched-pair cluster randomized clinical trial. EDs were randomly allocated to intervention (n = 10) or control (n = 10) group. Investigators will compare the outcomes between intervention and control groups. Phase 2: a quasi-experimental study. The 20 EDs will carry out the intervention. Investigators will compare the outcomes between phase 1 and phase 2 of intervention group and between phase 1 and phase 2 of control group. The main outcome is a 30-day composite endpoint (ED revisit or hospital admission for AHF and cardiovascular death) after being discharged.
Aging generates immune, muscular and functional changes. In the pre-frail elderly these changes may be increased and, therefore, preventive interventions are indicated to minimize the consequences of sarcopenia in this population. This study aims to evaluate the effects of a whole body vibration training associated with the training of inspiratory muscles on the inflammatory, muscular and body composition outcomes in pre-frail elderly women.
The pre-frail elderly are a population more vulnerable to diminished functionality and future disabilities. Thus, interventions focused on the prevention of sarcopenia are indicated to prevent dysfunction in this population. This study aims to evaluate the effects of whole body vibration training associated with inspiratory muscle training on functional outcomes, balance and muscle metabolism in pre-frail elderly women.
This is a pilot study to test the efficacy of the anti-inflammatory drug (Fisetin) in reducing inflammatory factors in blood in elderly adults and to test the efficacy of the drug (Fisetin) in reducing frailty and markers of inflammation, insulin resistance, and bone resorption in elderly adults.
Objective To perform a prospective, controlled and randomized evaluation of the effectiveness of Mobile Geriatric Teams (MGT). Method Community-dwelling, frail elderly people were randomized to intervention group (n=31, mean age 84) and control group (n=31, mean age 86). Two-year retrospective data and prospective one-year follow up, were analyzed using non-parametric and difference-in-difference (DiD) analyses. Qualitative interviews, were analyzed using content analysis.
Randomized Controlled trial of 370 aged participants over 75 years old coming from clinics of Geriatric Departments in three University Hospitals in Spain (Pamplona, Getafe y San Sebastián). Participants who met inclusion criteria will be randomized to control (usual care)l or intervention group (multicomponent exercise program). The main objective of the trial is to study the effect of a multicomponent exercise training program (resistance, aerobic, strength, balance and flexibility) in frail aged participants who live in the community with cognitive decline in: functional capacity, strength, power, cognition, falls , depression, quality of life, institutionalization and hospital admissions
1.0 SUMMARY Most Canadian nursing home (NH) residents are elderly and frail, have multiple chronic health conditions and impairments, and have dementia. In 2014, 244,000 Canadians lived in NHs, including 6% of those ≥65 y.o., at a cost of >$10 billion/yr. NH residents experience high rates of acute illness; approximately 33% have emergency department (ED) visits and 23% are hospitalized yearly. Many of these visits are avoidable, and expose residents to iatrogenic complications. In Manitoba >1.5% of NH residents are admitted to intensive care units yearly, where they receive highly aggressive care. Approximately 30-50% of NH residents die each year, experiencing a progressive burden of severe symptoms leading up to death. Thus, there are serious concerns about Advance Care Planning (ACP) and end-of-life (EOL) care in NHs. Canadians in general have mediocre knowledge of, and engagement in ACP. Also, studies show that values such as quality of life and aversion to being dependent trump survival in determining care preferences. Among hospitalized octogenarians, 61% desired comfort care only, or just a brief trial of aggressive care. A U.S. study found that decisions for LTC residents to be sent to ED were frequently driven by families who felt unprepared for their loved ones' death, and insecure about the quality of NH care, where there had been little or no discussion about ACP. Systematic approaches to ACP in NHs have demonstrated benefits, including: increases in ACP uptake, higher compliance with EOL wishes, higher satisfaction with care and emotional well-being, reduced family stress and anxiety, and lower rates of hospitalization. Generally, multimodal ACP interventions have shown the most benefits. Thus, ACP can improve outcomes for NH residents, their families, and society. The goal of this proposal is to apply best practices in ACP, and demonstrate that it can be implemented it in a scalable, sustainable way across provinces. This will result from delivering the ACP intervention within the existing envelope of NH staffing, and by acquiring most of the data from the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI), which is completed quarterly for NH residents in 9 provinces. As RAI contains information identifying NH residents at the highest risk for dying within 6-12 months, it will be used to target the ACP intervention to such individuals.