View clinical trials related to Frail Elderly Syndrome.Filter by:
One of the major changes occurring in developed societies is a significant ageing of the population. Nowadays, because of an enhanced life expectancy, 17% of the Spanish population is composed of people over 65 and the number is expected to rise to 33% in 2050. Aging is characterized by a gradual lifelong accumulation of molecular and cellular damage that results in a progressive and generalized impairment in several bodily functions, an increased vulnerability to environmental challenges and a growing risk of disease and risk of death. These facts led to an increase on the prevalence of diseases such as osteoporosis diabetes, sarcopenia, obesity or frailty. However, lifestyles such as physical activity could attenuated aging process, maintaining the autonomy of elders, and it has been demonstrated that even implying guided exercise programs could reverse this condition of frailty and dependence. In this way, the main aims of this research project are to analyze the effect of a multicomponent exercise program in frailty and pre-frailty people above 65 years and without cognitive impairment. Thus, it is going to be evaluated at the beginning and the end of the study; body composition, physical fitness, blood parameters including vitamin D and other health related parameters included in a questionnaire. Secondly, to study the perdurability of training-related gains over time.
Caring with older people in west societies has becoming a challenge for all health professional and any measure that can increase health or well-being will be ultimately improve quality of life and life expectancy. Frailty is a geriatric syndrome describing physical and functional decline that occurs as a consequence of certain diseases (e.g., cancer, chronic infection, etc.) but also even without disease. Frailty is characterized by an increased risk for poor outcomes such as incident falls, fractures, disability, comorbidity, health care expenditure and premature mortality. The aetiology of frailty is not well understood but it has been associated with changes in several physiologic systems, including inflammation, metabolic and micronutrients deficits. The investigators wish to test with a confident perspective that any measured that improve the efficiency of muscular system can prevent the progression of frailty syndrome and that can have many others effects since it has been consistently demonstrated that a proper muscular function in aging is associated with other signs and symptoms. Looking at the literature, there are two clinical trials that evaluated the effect of leucine supplementation in older individuals with beneficial effects. The investigators wish to replicate those findings and to extend the analysis of the effect afforded by leucine supplementation in sarcopenia, frailty and cognitive function in individuals living in nursing homes in Valencia and province. This trial will show the eventual effects of leucine supplementation in elderly people may be also useful to afford some beneficial effects (sleep, cognitive function, depressed mood, balance and gait, etc) by modulating the function of muscular and metabolic system and in reduce the progression of sarcopenia and loss of muscular function.
This study was designed to assess the effectiveness of oral anticoagulants in elderly patients (>=75 years) with atrial fibrillation. All patients discharged from one large hospital in Stockholm, Danderyds Hospital, between november 1st 2010 and december 31st 2017 with atrial fibrillation as main diagnosis have been included (n=2943). Adverse events (cardiovascular death, fatal/non fatal ischemic stroke, peripheral thromboembolism, fatal/non fatal intracerebral hemorrhage and extracranial bleeding) are recorded through linkage to mandatory and qualitative national registries and review of the medical records until december 31 2018.
Evidence supports the fact that multicomponent exercise and β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) supplementation are, separately, effective in improving old adult's health and palliate functional metabolic diseases in the elderly. However, the true effect of HMB supplementation combined with a tailored exercise program in frail old adults is still unknown. Thus, the aim of the HEAL study is to assess the effects of the combination of a daily multicomponent exercise and resistance training intervention in addition to HMB supplementation on old adults' health.
Certain clinical syndromes eg frailty, sarcopenia, dementia, depression, cognitive impairment, vision impairment, falls in older adults carry an increased risk for poor health outcomes and if identified early, can be prevented, delayed or reversible. There is evidence to suggest that exercise and dietary intervention can help delay or prevent sarcopenia, frailty and dementia. Through early screening and detection of frailty and cognitive impairment, the investigators will be able to identify participants at risk of future physical or mental decline in primary care setting and ambulatory care clinics. Those prefrail, frail but ambulant with / without cognitive impairment will be randomised to dual task exercise with/without cognitive stimulation therapy and health education. The main hypothesis is that the combination of multicomponent group exercise activities and dual task exercise is effective in reversing frailty and improving cognition.
In most Western countries the elderly population increases rapidly. In Denmark, the population of elderly aged 75 years or older may amount to nearly 15 % of the entire population in 2050 compared to 9 % today (2017). A large part of the elderly population is at high risk of hospitalization including more admissions and increased morbidity and mortality. The number of hospital beds is declining persistently, calling for shorter lengths of stay (LOS). Increasingly complex treatments now take place outside hospital. Presently, many Danish regional hospitals establish geriatric wards and other geriatric in-hospital and outpatient services to overcome these challenges. The aim of the present PhD-study is to investigate the effects of different models of transitional care among the frailest elderly patients.
Background Various phenotype and cumulative frailty assessment tools have been developed and compared in research. For use in an in-hospital setting, a cumulative and graded frailty assessment method is preferred in order to identify subgroups of patients at risk of adverse events during discharge and transition to primary care. Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is the gold standard to assess frailty. Most medical wards have limited access to specialized geriatric team support capable of performing CGA. Thus in these wards there is a need for a CGA based instrument to identify the frail patients and to quantify the level of frailty. The Multidimensional Prognostic Index (MPI) is based on CGA and is a comprehensive cumulative deficit frailty assessment tool validated in a Danish geriatric department. MPI is fully applicable in the everyday clinical work and supplies useful information to clinicians. It can predict readmission and death, and it is well-suited to assess the degree of frailty. Enabling identification of patients at risk of adverse events facilitates targeting of the interventions in order to improve patient outcomes. The MPI is a bedside assessment. However, in observational record-based research the patient is not accessible for the researcher. To assess and identify hospitalized frail patients retrospectively for clinical research, a valid record-based frailty assessment method is needed. The aim of this study is to compare the accuracy of a record-based MPI assessment with a bedside performed MPI assessment in order to use the record-based MPI when access to bedside MPI is impossible.
Primary objective: To evaluate the effects of additional oral nutritional supplement containing β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate (HMB) on thigh muscle mass in elderly subjects with pre-frail status Secondary objectives: 1. To evaluate the effects of additional oral nutritional supplement containing β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate on physical performance, nutrition status, and quality of life in elderly subjects with pre-frail status 2. To determine the safety profile of additional oral nutritional supplement containing β-hydroxy-β-methylbutyrate in elderly subjects with pre-frail status
The term frail chronic complex patient (CCP) is generally applied to subjects with heterogeneous conditions that may represent at least one of the following three traits: (i) the need for management by a number of specialists from different disciplines that often leads to high use of healthcare resources; (ii) fragility, which requires additional support either due to functional decline, social deficits and/or transient situations such as hospital discharge or, (iii) the need for highly specialised care with home technological support. The current protocol deals with the second category of patients, frail CCP, and addresses horizontal integration of community-based services. It is based in the city of Badalona (216K inhabitants), within the metropolitan area of Barcelona. Badalona Serveis Assistencials (BSA) is the service provider of integrated care services for this population.
Comprehensive Geriatric Assessment (CGA) is an established approach for better detection of frailty-related problems and includes individualized treatment plan with multi-discipline supportive and treating measures for the older frailty patients. However, there is limited evidence of feasibility and efficacy of the CGA when provided in the emergency department setting. In the GAOPS-study the efficacy of the CGA in emergency department setting will be studied by randomized controlled study protocol. We aim to study if the CGA provided in the ED is feasible, safe and efficient method when added with standard emergency care for older frail patients.