View clinical trials related to Frail Elderly Syndrome.Filter by:
Objective To perform a prospective, controlled and randomized evaluation of the effectiveness of Mobile Geriatric Teams (MGT). Method Community-dwelling, frail elderly people were randomized to intervention group (n=31, mean age 84) and control group (n=31, mean age 86). Two-year retrospective data and prospective one-year follow up, were analyzed using non-parametric and difference-in-difference (DiD) analyses. Qualitative interviews, were analyzed using content analysis.
Randomized Controlled trial of 370 aged participants over 75 years old coming from clinics of Geriatric Departments in three University Hospitals in Spain (Pamplona, Getafe y San Sebastián). Participants who met inclusion criteria will be randomized to control (usual care)l or intervention group (multicomponent exercise program). The main objective of the trial is to study the effect of a multicomponent exercise training program (resistance, aerobic, strength, balance and flexibility) in frail aged participants who live in the community with cognitive decline in: functional capacity, strength, power, cognition, falls , depression, quality of life, institutionalization and hospital admissions
1.0 SUMMARY Most Canadian nursing home (NH) residents are elderly and frail, have multiple chronic health conditions and impairments, and have dementia. In 2014, 244,000 Canadians lived in NHs, including 6% of those ≥65 y.o., at a cost of >$10 billion/yr. NH residents experience high rates of acute illness; approximately 33% have emergency department (ED) visits and 23% are hospitalized yearly. Many of these visits are avoidable, and expose residents to iatrogenic complications. In Manitoba >1.5% of NH residents are admitted to intensive care units yearly, where they receive highly aggressive care. Approximately 30-50% of NH residents die each year, experiencing a progressive burden of severe symptoms leading up to death. Thus, there are serious concerns about Advance Care Planning (ACP) and end-of-life (EOL) care in NHs. Canadians in general have mediocre knowledge of, and engagement in ACP. Also, studies show that values such as quality of life and aversion to being dependent trump survival in determining care preferences. Among hospitalized octogenarians, 61% desired comfort care only, or just a brief trial of aggressive care. A U.S. study found that decisions for LTC residents to be sent to ED were frequently driven by families who felt unprepared for their loved ones' death, and insecure about the quality of NH care, where there had been little or no discussion about ACP. Systematic approaches to ACP in NHs have demonstrated benefits, including: increases in ACP uptake, higher compliance with EOL wishes, higher satisfaction with care and emotional well-being, reduced family stress and anxiety, and lower rates of hospitalization. Generally, multimodal ACP interventions have shown the most benefits. Thus, ACP can improve outcomes for NH residents, their families, and society. The goal of this proposal is to apply best practices in ACP, and demonstrate that it can be implemented it in a scalable, sustainable way across provinces. This will result from delivering the ACP intervention within the existing envelope of NH staffing, and by acquiring most of the data from the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI), which is completed quarterly for NH residents in 9 provinces. As RAI contains information identifying NH residents at the highest risk for dying within 6-12 months, it will be used to target the ACP intervention to such individuals.
The objective of this study is to assess the feasibility and effectiveness of dedicated ambulator-assisted physical activity in lung transplant inpatients. The primary hypothesis is that an ambulator-assisted intervention for lung transplant patients will prove feasible and may result in improved frailty, hospital outcomes, including less need for inpatient rehabilitation and shorter length of stay in the hospital.
After the age of 40-45 years muscle mass and function progressively decline, reducing older peoples' abilities to perform tasks of daily living and also increase the risk of falls. It is known that, across the life course, resistance exercise can be of benefit in increasing muscle mass and function, yet how hard the exercise should be performed has received little attention. Current recommendations are for older people to perform exercise at 70% of the maximum they can lift, quite a high intensity that often puts older people off participating. Recent evidence in younger people has suggested that such intensities are not required. The investigators aim to determine the feasibility of a study to investigate recruitment and adherence of older people to a study of exercise training at different intensities.
This study aims to design a patient -centered program to prevent or delay frailty , functional decline and adverse events, and evaluates the effectiveness of the program with a randomized clinical trial.
Between 20-60% of older adults experience frailty as they age. Frailty is a clinical state of increased vulnerability resulting from aging-associated declines in biological reserve across multiple physiologic systems. Because of the lack of biological reserve, relatively minor physical or psychological assaults have the potential to trigger a cascade of negative sequelae for frail older adults resulting in adverse health outcomes including mortality, disability in basic and instrumental activities of daily living, hospitalization and emergency visits, and institutionalization in community-dwelling older adults. Despite the potential personal and economic consequences of frailty syndrome, frailty is not an irreversible process. For example, a 4.5-year longitudinal study conducted by Gill et al., (2006) demonstrated that of their 754 community dwelling older adults, 58% had at least one change in frailty status during the study period and that approximately one third of these transitions were from a state of greater frailty to one of lesser frailty, suggesting that it is possible to reverse the frailty trajectory. Nonetheless, there is a lack effective means of reversing frailty or slowing the progression of older adults along the frailty continuum.The purpose of the proposed research is to evaluate the feasibility and preliminary effectiveness of an occupational therapy intervention delivered through the primary care setting for improving frailty status and physical functioning among older adults ages 55 and older who are pre-frail when compared to usual care.
The study use a double blind, placebo-controlled design enrolling male and female subjects between 55-90 yo to evaluate the effect of daily consumption of a cocoa beverage on anthropometric, metabolic, oxidative stress, physical performance and quality of life.
This project compares two models of the Serious Illness Care Program (SICP) in primary care: clinician-focused SICP and team-based SICP. Discussion and planning for serious illness care can help patients identify what is most important to them and assure they receive care that best matches their goals and values, such as spending more time at home or not being in pain.
Background. Gastric cancer is an important health care problem even though treatment advances, and it is diagnosed mainly in elderly. Surgery is the main treatment for gastric cancer and is associated with a high rate of postoperative complications and mortality, even higher in older patients. Chronological age seems not to be the main factor influencing the worse outcome of older patients, comorbidities and frailty have also been taken into account recently. Methods. Participation in the study will be offered to all centers that are currently part of the Spanish EURECCA (EUropean REgistry of Cancer CAre) Esophagogastric Cancer Registry. The impact of the frailty on different outcome variables will be evaluated. The main outcome variable will be 90-day mortality after the intervention. Health-Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) will also be evaluated. Objective. The objective of the study is to value the impact of frailty on gastric cancer surgery outcomes therein the Spanish EURECCA Esophagogastric Cancer Registry.