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Obesity and insulin resistance are worldwide epidemic and taking a major public health toll. Obesity also increases the risk for cognitive impairment which is also an increasing medical, societal, and economic challenge. The ultimate goal of this proposal is to develop a statistical model to assess systemic cross-talk between brain, peripheral tissues, gut microbiota and glucose metabolism. Integrated with exercise training intervention the results will be utilized to provide disease risk profiling and personalized predictions of exercise training as a drug free treatment for insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes.
Degenerative arthritis is a common disease in the elderly , in recent years, there are young trends, the symptoms often cause great pain in the elderly, associated with lower physical exercise caused by decreased muscle mass, functional fitness performance Is also poor, affecting the ability of elderly people to live independently. Therefore, this study mainly explores whether the intervention of tai chi can improve the functional fitness of the elderly and reduce the pain index of the elderly. The study was designed to take the sample, which was divided into experimental group and control group. It was expected to receive 100 people. The subjects were asked to use the basic information, Karnofsky scale, The functional fitness test, the exercise conscious scale and the WOMAC pain scale were used as the research tools. The SPSS system was used to analyze whether the functional fitness index and the pain index were significantly different before and after exercise intervention. Whether the exercise intervention has an effect on the elderly.
Rapid force production declines as a consequence of ageing. Given the functional relevance of rapid force production, exercise interventions in older adults should aim at improving the capacity to produce force rapidly. To improve this capacity, exercises should be performed with the intention to develop high speeds, as supported by previous work. Human locomotion fundamentally consists of multi-joint movements and rapidly coupled eccentric-concentric muscle actions, known as stretch-shortening cycle (SSC) activities or plyometrics. Plyometrics might therefore be used to optimize power production. However, there is limited research on the feasibility of plyometrics in older adults and its potential effects on rapid force production and functional capacity. This study will test the feasibility of a 12-week plyometric exercise intervention in older men and compare its effects on rapid force production to a traditional resistance exercise or walking intervention.
Non-Hispanic Blacks tend to report higher levels of pain, experience pain more frequently, and be under-treated for pain compared to non-Hispanic Whites. Acute (single session) exercise is known to be effective at reducing pain but it is unknown what effect chronic exercise training has on pain responses. The broad goal of this study is to determine whether regular exercise training is more effective at reducing pain responses in non-Hispanic Blacks compared to non-Hispanic Whites. The investigators are interested in comparing regular aerobic exercise training versus high-intensity interval training.
Diabetes has become a widespread epidemic, primarily because of the increasing prevalence and incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D). T2D is a significant cause of premature mortality and morbidity related to cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney and nerve disease, and amputation. Physical activity improves blood glucose control and can prevent or delay T2D, along with positively affecting lipids, blood pressure, cardiovascular events, mortality, and quality of life. At present, although physical activity is a key element in the prevention and management of T2D, the most effective exercise strategy (intensity, duration, and type of exercise) for improving glucose control and reducing cardiometabolic risk in type 2 diabetes has not been defined. Studies with Light-Emitting Diode (LED) therapy have demonstrated its ability to promote pain relief, improve muscle and cardiopulmonary performance, minimize muscle fatigue, and stimulate wound healing. In relation to patients with T2D, who have prolonged conditions of hyperglycemia, studies to investigate the impact of photobiomodulation associated with physical training have not been found so far. The objective of this study is to investigate the effects of different types of physical training associated with Light-Emitting Diode (LED) therapy on cardiometabolic status and quality of life in patients with T2D.
The purpose of this study is to test a home-based exergaming intervention designed to decrease frailty and fatigue and improve affective well-being, functional capacity, and immune function in individuals with advanced heart failure (HF) and multiple chronic conditions (MCC) prior to receiving either a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) or orthotopic heart transplantation (OHT). Prior to surgery, individuals with advanced HF/MCC experience a high symptom burden that often precludes them from participating in meaningful physical activity. Pre-surgical fitness programs have been used in other critically ill populations to improve function prior to surgery. Interactive gaming systems have been successfully used to engage other seriously ill adults in low-intensity physical activity. However, exergaming interventions have not yet been applied in individuals with advanced HF/MCC as prehabilitation prior to LVAD implantation or OHT. The investigators propose that a prehabilitation exergaming intervention will not only enhance pre-surgical outcomes but will also augment postoperative outcomes. This study is designed in two-phases. Phase 1 examines intervention feasibility and phase 2 is a pilot study with a two-group design. In phase 2, participants will be randomized to a usual care group or the exergaming intervention group. The exergaming group will participate in a low-intensity exergaming intervention and additional investigator-developed educational modules that will be delivered via the Nintendo Wii U exergaming system. The investigators will evaluate pre- and post-surgical frailty, fatigue, affective well-being, and immune function as primary outcomes. The investigators expect that participation in low intensity exergaming will improve these primary outcomes pre- and post-surgically, and decrease post-surgical complications and health care utilization. Investigator-developed modules will promote self-efficacy, self-regulation, and activation. This is the first study to apply low-intensity exergaming to a pre-operative advanced HF/MCC population. The successful application of this intervention has significant implications to the pre-operative conditioning of individuals with advanced HF/MCC prior to LVAD implantation or OHT.
The aim of this study is to compare these three different recovery methods following a single bout high-intensity interval exercise program with each other in terms of blood lactate clearance, muscle flexibility, muscle strength and endurance.
The impact of blood flow restriction (BFR) on exercise and hemodynamic responses will be studied. The use of BFR will be studied during yoga and low-intensity aerobic exercise in healthy subjects with no history of chronic illness ranging from 18-40 years of age. This study will evaluate several conditions related to cardiovascular physiology in order to determine the safety and efficacy of this type of exercise training. First, the effects of two distinct types of BFR cuffs (BStrong and Hokanson) will be studied during low-intensity aerobic exercise on vascular function. Second, the effect of yoga will be studied with and without the use of BStrong bands on vascular function. Outcome measures include acute effects on endothelial function i.e. flow-mediated dilation, arterial stiffness, beat-by-beat blood pressure, heart rate, RPE (rate of perceived exertion), and blood lactate. For this intervention, the BFR cuffs will be used during exercise to evaluate its safety and efficacy. Since BFR is becoming a widely popular method of exercise, it is important to study its safety and hemodynamic effects.
Low back pain is an extremely common health problem that most people suffers at any point in their life. Low back pain is the leading cause of activity limitation and work absence throughout much of the world and it causes some economic problems for just not only individuals but also governments. ) The purpose of the study was to investigate the effects of different physical therapy techniques on pain, function and core stability in patients with low back pain.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is highly prevalent in women resulting in 398,086 deaths annually. Even as women participate in traditional CR programs, data specificity and subsequent research have yet to emerge in a meaningful way so that women-centered CR can be better customized and their outcomes properly assessed. Aerobic fitness is a powerful predictor of prognosis in individuals with CVD yet there is evidence that women do not improve their peak VO2 as much as men during CR. We have designed a training program for women based upon past research with a goal of optimizing their training potential in CR. This program combines the utilization of a training technique termed high intensity interval training along with specific strength training exercises of the upper legs. We hypothesize that women, irrespective of age, would be capable of high intensity interval training to improve peak aerobic capacity in the CR setting. Furthermore, since women often have a deficit of thigh strength entering CR, and thigh strength correlates with endurance walking,strength training will also be included. The purpose of this study is to examine the value of high intensity interval training and strength training to maximize aerobic training response in CR for women. This may contribute to establishing specific protocols and training guidelines for future program design for women in CR. Since a set of comprehensive CR guidelines pertaining to women is lacking, it is hoped that the results of this study will help us develop exercise protocols and regimen to better structure and modulate CR programs for optimal benefit to women.