View clinical trials related to Depressive Disorder, Major.Filter by:
the investigators make the following assumptions: 1) neuroinflammation in MDD can be measured by the [18 F ] DPA- 714 ; 2) it is accompanied by anatomical and functional changes in the frontal subcortical loops, strongly involved in MDD ; 3) neuroinflammation in patients might be a biomarker related to resistance to treatment in patients with MDD. If this assumptions are validated, then this study will enable a better understanding of the neuroinflammatory processes. This breakthrough could have a long term therapeutic impact, helping to target more specifically antidepressant drugs with anti-inflammatory action and / or drugs targeting neuroinflammation.
Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) is a subtype of Major Depressive Disorder, characterized by a recurrent temporal relationship between the season of year, the onset and the remission of a major depressive episode. Estimates of the annual prevalence state that 1-6% of the population will develop SAD with the larger prevalences found at greater extremes in latitude. SAD is most likely triggered by the shortening photoperiod experienced in the winter months leading to a deterioration of mood. Recent cross-sectional neuroimaging studies have found cellular and neurotransmitter changes in response to seasonality, ultimately having an impact on the affect of patients. Conversly, this study aims to investigate the changes in neurocircuitry related to depression and euthymic states. Patients with SAD offer a unique ability to study these changes since they have predictable triggers for the onset of depression (i.e. the winter months) and remission (i.e. the summer months).
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effects of videogame-like digital therapies as adjunct therapy to antidepressant medications on cognitive deficits associated with major depressive disorder.
The first aim of this study is to develop a structured, cognitive behavioral treatment manual for major depressive disorder (MDD) adapted for individuals with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) (CBTx-TBI), as well as evaluate its acceptability and tolerability in an open 12-week pilot trial (N=10). The second aim is to evaluate the acceptability and tolerability of, and adherence to, CBTx-TBI in a randomized waitlist-controlled, 12-week pilot trial (N=40). A third, exploratory aim is to evaluate the potential efficacy of CBTx-TBI for MDD in the randomized pilot trial (N=40) and possible moderators and mediators of outcome.
This study uses a randomized controlled trial design to compare the psychological effects of surf therapy to hike therapy in active duty service members who have been diagnosed with major depressive disorder.
In this proposed study, the investigators will evaluate the effects of fish oil add-on in treatment of major depressive disorder(MDD).
Background: Repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) is a treatment for depression. It stimulates the brain. Researchers want to see if using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans helps locate the best area for rTMS in each person. They also want to find other ways to make it more effective. Objective: To study the effects of combining MRI- guided transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) and talk therapy on the brain in people with depression. Eligibility: Adults ages 18 65 with a major depressive disorder and current depression. If taking an antidepressant, should have been doing so for at least 4 weeks. Design: Participants will be screened with medical and psychiatric history, psychiatric evaluation, physical exam, and blood and urine tests. Phase 1 is 1 4 visits in 1 week. Participants will have: Brain MRI. Participants will lie on a table in a scanner. Questions about their medical history and psychology symptoms Tests of mood and thinking Tests of brain activity. Participants may do tasks during these tests: A cone with magnetic detectors is put on the head. A cap with electrodes is put on the scalp. TMS. A brief electrical current passes through a wire coil on the scalp. A metal disk will be placed on the arm. A nerve will be stimulated with a small electrical shock. Phase 2 is about 6 to 7 weeks. There will be 30 daily sessions of combined therapy and repetitive TMS (rTMS) for 6 weeks. Participants will receive rTMS and another therapy by computer. For rTMS, repeated pulses will pass through the coil. This is followed by up to 3 additional visits, when: Participants will repeat Phase 1 tests Participants will rate their depression symptoms. Phase 3 is 3 visits over 3 months. Participants will rate their depression symptoms and repeat some of the previous questionnaires and tests of mood and thinking.
This is a double-blind, sham controlled, multi-center study to confirm the safety and efficacy of synchronized transcranial magnetic stimulation (sTMS) for the treatment of patients currently experiencing an episode of depression who have failed to respond to at least one (1) antidepressant medication. Patients will be randomly assigned to either active or sham therapy and will undergo daily treatments for a period of time. Following completion of blinded treatments, patients may be eligible for a course of open label treatments.
Antidepressant-free unipolar melancholic depressed patients (at least stage 2 treatment-resistant) will be selected by a certified psychiatrist, who will administer (semi-)structured clinical interviews. Because concomitant antidepressant treatment can confound outcome results, all patients will go through a medication washout before entering the study and they will be free from any antidepressant, neuroleptic and mood stabilizer for at least two weeks before entering the treatment protocol. Only habitual benzodiazepine agents will be allowed. STEP 1: Patients will be treated with in total 20 accelerated intermittent Theta Burst Stimulation (aiTBS) sessions (3000 pulses/session) over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which will be spread over 4 days. On each stimulation day, a given patient will receive 5 sessions with a between-session delay of 15 minutes. Patients will be randomized to receive either the real aiTBS or sham treatment (first week). However, the sham group will receive real aiTBS treatment with 10 days' time interval. The investigators expect that real aiTBS treatment and not sham will result in a significant and clinical meaningful response. STEP 2: To optimize treatment and reduce relapse following the iTBS treatment, in a stepped care approach, all patients then continue with cognitive control training (CCT) ten days later. This CCT consists of 20 sessions, spread over 4 weeks. Patients will be randomized to receive either real CCT or a control training. During this follow-up treatment, all patients will be prescribed antidepressant medication (SSRI) again. As iTBS treatment effects are known to decline over time, the investigators expect that combining aiTBS with a follow-up CCT therapy will stabilize the clinical effects over time compared to receiving the iTBS treatment alone. For baseline comparisons, patients will be closely matched for gender and age with never-depressed, medication-free healthy volunteers. No volunteer will undergo treatment.
The MPI-PT-Study: Schema Therapy vs. Cognitive Behavioral Therapy for Patients with Major or Persistent Depressive Disorder in an Inpatient and Day Clinic Setting: An outline Depressive disorders represent one of the most frequent diseases worldwide. Schema therapy, which was originally developed for patients with personality disorders and focuses on emotion activating techniques, became popular in the field of psychotherapy in the recent years and was also applied on axis-I-disorders such as depression. The current study aims to close the gap of increasing popularity of ST and missing empirical evidence of its effectiveness. This aim breaks down into three main research questions dealing with (1) general effectiveness of ST measured by multiple operationalizations (i.e. depressive symptoms, biological markers, relapse prevention, or need for medication), (2) specific effectiveness of ST (i.e. interpersonal problems and emotion regulation), and (3) the identification of parameters in the sense of an individualized psychotherapy approach in order to fit patient needs with certain psychotherapy offers. After participants have given informed consent, they undergo a comprehensive baseline measurement which covers psychometric measures (such as questionnaires and clinical ratings), biological parameters (blood samples, endocrine activity), neuropsychological testing (such as word fluency), and actimetry measures (circadian rhythms). After finishing the diagnostic procedure, participants will be randomized to three different experimental conditions: (1) a schema therapy condition, (2) a cognitive behavioral therapy condition, and (3) an individualized supportive therapy condition. After undergoing a comprehensive baseline measurement process in study week one, patients participate in an intensive seven-week-treatment-program, in addition to the regular pharmacological treatment, which is not object of the study. The measures are repeated during the fourth and seventh week of psychotherapeutical treatment and on the occasion of a follow-up visit six months after discharge from the clinic. Additionally, the investigators test among sub-samples the effects of psychotherapeutical interventions on psychophysiological outcomes, sleep-patterns, and neuronal substrates in the context of emotional regulation and social interaction. Thus, the study will give valuables insights in the effectiveness of an innovative psychotherapy approach and breaks new ground in the field of individualized psychotherapy and its biological implications.