View clinical trials related to Depressive Disorder, Major.Filter by:
This is a 12 month, pragmatic trial designed to assess the differences in a digital medicine system (DMS)- ABILIFY MYCITE (Aripiprazole tablets with sensor)- measuring adherence versus treatment as usual (TAU) for adult patients with schizophrenia, bipolar I disorder, and major depression. Outcomes of interest will be adherence as measured by refill rates and all-cause and psychiatric health care use. Each patient will be in the study for a duration of 12 months. All treatment medication decisions will be made by the healthcare professionals (HCPs) and not by protocol. Psychiatrist(s), nurse(s) and/or team manager(s) who will be responsible for subjects' care, will be considered as HCPs in this trial.
More and more evidence confirms the relationship between the gut-brain-microbiota axis and the symptoms of mood disorders. A potential pathway connecting the intestines and the brain in depression is inflammation. Interventions for reducing inflammation and restoring the integrity of the intestinal mucosa are promising approaches in patients with major depressive disorder (MDD). Gut dysbiosis and the diet containing gluten are potential factors may be factors that negatively affect the communication between intestinal and brain. Gluten has a high immunogenic potential and affinity for the intestinal mucosa layer. In patients with an abnormal reaction to gluten, the elimination diet led to improved mood symptoms. However, the relationship between gluten and depression is still poorly understood. Intestinal microbiota can affect the digestion of gluten and reduce its immunogenic potential. Studies have shown that probiotic supplementation has an anti-inflammatory effect, can lead to changes in intestinal permeability and alleviate the symptoms of depression. This evidence supports the need for co-therapy, including the elimination of gluten and the restoration of intestinal eubiosis to reduce inflammation and modulate the gut-brain-microbiota axis. The objective of the SANGUT study is to determine the impact of interventions concerning the gut-brain-microbiota axis (probiotic supplementation, gluten-free diet and their combination) on the mental state, markers of inflammation and markers of intestinal permeability in adult patients with MDD. The study will last 12 weeks and consist of four visits (V): V0 - Screening (Day 0), V1 - Baseline (up to 1 week after Screening), V2 (six weeks after Baseline), V3 - End of the study (12 weeks after Baseline). The main hypothesis is that probiotic supplementation and/or a gluten-free diet will reduce the symptoms of depression, lower the level of inflammatory markers and favourably affect the integrity of the intestinal mucosal barrier.
This single-site clinical trial is an open-label study to identify the safety and pharmacokinetics of DPI-386 Nasal Gel (intranasal scopolamine gel) and IV Scopolamine. The study will require subjects to receive either multiple doses of 0.2 mg or a single dose of 0.4 mg, 0.6 mg, 0.8 mg, 1.0 mg, or 1.2 mg of DPI-386 Nasal Gel or 0.4 mg/mL IV Scopolamine per the assigned treatment cohort. Multiple PK blood draws will be collected dependent on cohort assignment. Vital signs and ECGs will be collected. No efficacy will be tested. Subjects will be monitored for at least eight hours after the final dose. There could be up to 120 subjects enrolled stratified equally by gender. Screening will not occur until after subjects have signed the informed consent form (ICF). Screening will include hematology, biochemistry, urinalysis, alcohol and drug screen, physical examination, including vital signs and ECG, and review of medical history by the PI or qualified designee, serum pregnancy test as applicable, and agreement to adhere to the study lifestyle requirements. Subject data will be recorded in the source documents and appropriate eCRF.
Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) is a debilitating disease characterized by a depressed mood, diminished interests, impaired cognitive function and vegetative symptoms, such as disturbed sleep or appetite. MDD occurs about twice as often in women than it does in men and affects about 6% of the adult population worldwide each year. Standard symptoms scales like the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale or the Montgomery-asberg Depression Rating Scale, the Self-Report 16-item Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology were initially developed for the evaluation of a therapeutic intervention or a pharmacological treatment and are routinely used by clinicians in the assessment of Treatment Resistant Depression (TRD) occurrence. In parallel, patient-reported outcomes have gained increasing importance and are widely recommended by health authorities in the assessment of depression. The same institutions insist on the collection of real-world data to provide clinicians with ecological measurements. It has been demonstrated that an early response to an AntiDepressant (AD) treatment can be seen as early as week 2 and is not related to a placebo-effect. While there is no consensus on the exact cut-off values, several factors emerge as early predictors of a later treatment response, such as: - Improvement in emotional processing of happy facial expressions after 1 week of treatment, - Circa 20% improvement in Hamilton Depression Rating Scale-17 item (HDRS-17) at week 2. The hypothesis is therefore that repeated, systematic and real-time, contextualized and multimodal collection of depressive symptoms from patients at home will establish a threshold score that can predict a subsequent response to their treatment. REDRESS was inspired by several standard depression scales used and recommended by the French Health Authority, augmented with digital active and passive activity monitoring, speech analysis and emotional processing assessment. Another important assumption is that honesty and willingness to disclose personal or embarrassing things will be best achievable via a digital solution. To test this assumption, the overall scores and each subscores on the REDRESS numerical scale will be compared in people with MDD showing adequate response to those showing insufficient response. The response to treatment at week 6 will be studied (end of Phase 1). Non-responders and responders to the first treatment round will be enrolled in a 6-week extension phase (Phase 2). Non-responders will receive another treatment course (Other AD, combination, etc.). Responders will just be followed up and will keep the same treatment. The REDRESS scores will be analysed in this population and will allow us to test the investigator's assumption in people with treatment resistant depression. This study will also allow to assess patients' quality of life at the end of each phase of treatment and to compare results with REDRESS scores.
Investigate the clinical subtypes and the biological markers to personalize the use n-3 PUFAs (EPA, DHA, and EPA/DHA) in MDD.
The study is a phase II, double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled, parallel, multicentric study in 110 patients with drug resistant depression.
The investigators are conducting a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the antidepressant effects of nitrous oxide in people with Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). MDD is a global medical condition that causes significant health and economic burden. Recent studies have shown that a single dose of ketamine, an NMDA-antagonist, has fast and long lasting anti-depressant effect. Nitrous oxide, another NMDA-antagonist, is widely used for anesthesia and analgesia, safer to administer and has fewer side effects than ketamine. A randomized controlled crossover feasibility study showed significant reduction in depressive symptoms at 2 and 24 hours after a single 1-hour treatment session of inhaled nitrous oxide compared with placebo. Nitrous oxide is inexpensive and can be safely administered by any trained clinician. If found to be efficacious, it could be used to provide rapid anti-depressant effect whilst the benefit of traditional anti-depressants has its delayed effect. Another potential application could be in acutely suicidal patients. This investigated-initiated phase 2b trial will enable confirmation and extension of the findings from the feasibility study, and identify the optimal dose and regimen in a broader population of those with MDD. Participants will be randomized to receive a weekly 1-hour inhalational sessions of either nitrous oxide or placebo (oxygen-air mixture) for 4 weeks, and the nitrous group will be further randomly assigned to a dose of 50% nitrous oxide or 25% nitrous oxide. Depression severity will be assessed by a blinded observer pre-treatment and at weekly intervals during and for 4 weeks after treatment using the Hamilton Depression Rating Scale.
Background: Major Depressive Disorder is one of the most prevalent mental illnesses, leading to substantial personal distress and economical consequences. Pharmacological Treatment is limited and relapse is frequent. Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) was extensively investigated in humans in the 1950s and 1960s and was shown to attenuate depressive symptoms. Clinical research with LSD ended in the 1970s due to regulatory restrictions but its use for personal and recreational purposes continued. In recent years, there has been a renewed interest in the use of hallucinogens in psychiatric research and practices, reconsidering LSD's antidepressant potential. Larger, well-designed and placebo-controlled studies are warranted. This study will evaluate the potential benefits of LSD-assisted psychotherapy in patients suffering from Major Depressive Disorder. Objective: To test the efficacy of LSD in patients with Major Depressive Disorder. Design: Randomised, double-blind, active-placebo-controlled trial using either two moderate to high doses of LSD (100 µg and 100 µg or 100 µg and 200 µg) as intervention and two low doses of LSD (25 µg and 25 µg) as active-placebo control. Participants: 60 patients aged > 25 years with Major Depressive Disorder (according to DSM-V). Main outcome measures: Change in depressive symptomatology (IDS-SR, BDI), anxiety (STAI), and general psychopathology (SCL-90) compared with active-placebo-assisted psychotherapy.
Eighty participants, ages 21 to 65, who meet Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5) criteria for major depressive disorder (MDD) will be stratified by study site and randomized with a 1-to-1 allocation under double-blind conditions to receive a single 25 mg oral dose of psilocybin or a single 100 mg oral dose of niacin. Niacin will serve as an active placebo. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the potential efficacy of a single 25 mg oral dose of psilocybin for MDD compared to the active placebo in otherwise medically-healthy participants, assessed as the difference between groups in changes in depressive symptoms from Baseline to Day 8 post-dose.
This is a phase 3, open-label, 1-year study of the safety, tolerability, and need for re-treatment with SAGE-217 in adult subjects with major depressive disorder