View clinical trials related to Depressive Disorder, Major.Filter by:
This study aims to examine whether multiple spaced sessions of intermittent theta-burst transcranial magnetic stimulation (iTBS) induce anti-depressant responses and reduce opiate cravings in adults with opiate use disorder (OUD). Additionally, we hope to identify whether the effectiveness of iTBS is related to changes in functional connectivity between particular brain areas.
Hormonal transitions such as across pregnancy and postpartum may trigger depressive episodes in some women. It is not known why, but estrogen sensitivity may play a critical role. A preclinical human risk model showed that depressive symptoms induced by pharmacological sex-hormone manipulation is linked to increases in serotonin transporter (SERT) brain binding, which lowers serotonergic brain tone. It is currently unknown if these findings translates to women across pre- to postpartum transitions. This longitudinal project studies a group of women who will deliver by planned caesarian, thus permitting the collection of cerebrospinal fluid (csf) containing central markers of serotonergic signaling, at the latest point in pregnancy. The women are followed across late pregnancy, delivery and 6 months postpartum to illuminate relations between sex-hormones, stress-regulation, estradiol sensitivity, csf markers of neurotransmission, serotonin transporter genotype variance, and potential development of subclinical or manifest depressive symptoms. Further, markers of relevance for the infant brain development and stress-regulation will be obtained from placenta tissue and umbilical cord blood. A subgroup of 70 women will participate in a brain imaging program early postpartum (week 3-5), which includes an evaluation of brain activity and structure and in vivo molecular brain imaging serotonergic markers. Thus, serotonergic markers in csf can be combined with postpartum molecular brain imaging of key features of serotonin signaling. Women in the imaging program are selected based on variation in their level of mental distress immediately postpartum (day 2-5). The study's main hypothesis is that women with high-expressing SERT genotypes are more sensitive to peripartum hormonal transition in terms of changes in serotonergic tone and emergence of depressive symptoms and that such an association will be stronger in the presence of candidate gene transcript biomarkers of oestrogen sensitivity. A further hypothesis is that in vivo molecular brain imaging and csf based serotonergic markers will be associated with depressive symptoms both early and later postpartum. Ideally, this project will provide a rationale for future targeted prevention and/or treatment of perinatal depression in women at high risk, which holds grand potential to protect not only mother but also infant brain health long-term.
The objective of this study is to evaluate the feasibility of adding a navigational system to traditional repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS, referred to in this application as nTMS) as a way to establish and maintain precise coil positioning (contact, rotation, and tilt) and consistent brain region targeting throughout a nTMS treatment session and in subsequent nTMS sessions.
This study aims to screen and validate multi-scale bio-markers for early diagnosis and medication monitoring for early schizophrenia, including the genetic, neurobiochemistry, neuroimaging and eletrophysiological measures. Based on the validated bio-markers, the present study further tries to build several prediction models for early differential diagnosis of schizophrenia from healthy controls and other mental diseases (such as the major depression and anxiety disorders), biological sub-typing and diagnosis of the schizophrenia sub-types, and early prediction of the medication effects.
Overall, the objective of this pilot study is to utilize the IL-6 receptor antagonist tocilizumab to prospectively evaluate the role of IL-6 in the antidepressant and immunological effects of whole body hyperthermia (WBH). The study seeks to replicate findings thus far that WBH has an antidepressant effect by administering the intervention at two sites not involved in studies to date. Moreover, the current proposal may help the investigators better understand the role of IL-6 in the pathogenesis and treatment of depression which might point to novel immune-based interventions for Major Depressive Disorder (MDD). Finally, the current proposal holds promise for better understanding of a novel treatment for MDD, which is among the leading causes of health-related disability in the world.
This study will examine the use of a transdiagnostic Sleep and Circadian Treatment (TranS-C) in treating Major Depressive Disorder (MDD) in Chinese adults. Sleep disturbance is highly comorbid with a range of psychological disorders, especially MDD. MDD is a major public health concern and a leading cause of disability worldwide. A shift in treatment perspectives, from a disorder-specific approach to a transdiagnostic approach, has been proposed. While the disorder-specific approach tends to understand and treat different mental disorders as independent psychological problems, the transdiagnostic approach aims to identify common clinical features (e.g. sleep disturbances) across a range of psychological disorders. The transdiagnostic approach would potentially facilitate timely dissemination of evidence-based psychological treatments and contribute to significant public health implications. This study will be a randomized controlled trial on the efficacy of TranS-C for MDD. TranS-C integrates elements of evidence-based interventions, namely cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia, delayed sleep phase type, and interpersonal and social rhythm therapy. Prior to all study procedures, an online informed consent (with phone support) will be obtained from potential participants. Around 150 eligible participants will be randomly assigned to the TranS-C group or the care-as-usual control group (CAU group) in a ratio of 1:1. The randomization will be performed by an independent assessor using a computer-generated list of numbers. No deception is necessary. Participants in the TranS-C group will receive TranS-C once per week for 6 consecutive weeks respectively. The group treatment will be delivered by a clinical psychology trainee under the supervision of a clinical psychologist. The TranS-C group will complete a set of online/paper-and-pencil questionnaires before the treatment commences, 1-week, and 12-week after the treatment sessions are completed. The CAU group will complete the same set of online/paper-and-pencil questionnaires during the same periods.
This study was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo, parallel-controlled, dose-finding Phase II clinical trial to find the optimal dose of LY03005 Extended-release Tablets for the treatment of MDD and to evaluate the preliminary efficacy and safety, providing a basis for the design of phase III clinical trials and the determination of dosing regimens.
Research has shown that people with depressive symptoms maintain negative expectations even if they have positive experiences that contradict their expectations. Healthy people, however, change their expectations after unexpected positive experiences. In this experimental study, it will now be examined whether there are also differences between healthy people and people with depressive symptoms in dealing with unexpected negative experiences.
Background. Depression is a highly frequent condition in the elderly, with a huge impact on quality of life, life expectancy, and medical outcomes. SSRIs are commonly prescribed in elderly depressed patients and, although generally safe, they may be associated with tolerability issues. Based on available studies, vortioxetine is likely to have a promising tolerability profile in the elderly, as it does not adversely affect psychomotor or cognitive performance, wakefulness, body weight, and electrocardiogram parameters. Objectives. Assessing the comparative tolerability, safety and efficacy of vortioxetine compared with the SSRIs as a group (including sertraline, citalopram, escitalopram, paroxetine, fluoxetine, fluvoxamine) in elderly patients affected by major depression. The primary outcome will be the withdrawal rate due to adverse events. Methods. This is a pragmatic, multicenter, open-label, parallel-group, superiority, randomized trial. Twelve Italian Community Psychiatric Services will consecutively enrol elderly patients suffering from an episode of major depression who get in contact over a period of 12 months. By employing the web-based application RedCap, doctors will be able to randomize patients to vortioxetine or one of the SSRIs, chosen on the basis of clinical judgment, and to collect basic socio-demographic and clinical data. Trained and blinded assessors will administer five validated rating scales: Montgomery-Åsberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS), Antidepressant Side-Effect Checklist (ASEC), EuroQual 5 Dimensions (EQ-5D), Charlson Age-Comorbidity Index (CACI), and Short Blessed Test (SBT). Patients will be assessed after 1, 3 and 6 months. Expected results. On the basis of current literature, the investigators hypothesize vortioxetine to be superior to SSRIs as a group in terms of tolerability. As vortioxetine is expected to reduce the withdrawal rates due to adverse events of about 12% compared to SSRIs, and assuming that about 23% of the participants could be lost within 6 months, the investigators aim to enrol 358 patients (179 in each group).
Pregnant women who are taking lamotrigine will be evaluated monthly during pregnancy including a clinical evaluation and a blood draw for lamotrigine levels at each visit. Based on the Therapeutic Drug Monitoring protocol, participant's lamotrigine dosing will be adjusted as needed based on participant's blood levels compared to the reference concentration that was obtained prior to pregnancy or early in pregnancy while clinically stable. After delivery participant and participant's infants will be assessed for mood and functioning at 1, 2, 4, and 6 weeks postpartum.