View clinical trials related to Death, Sudden, Cardiac.Filter by:
The overall aim of the project is to develop a national registry to accurately measure the burden of Sudden Cardiac Arrest (SCA) among the general Canadian population. This project will create a common platform to link existing sources of information (EMS, Coroner and Administrative Databases) in order to fully understand the causes and outcomes of SCA. This comprehensive, unique registry will inform the progress and effectiveness of all CANet SCA programs aimed at reducing SCA. Understanding the antecedents, causes and outcomes of SCA will allow for new initiatives/investigations to reduce SCA, by using targeted interventions both effectively and efficiently.
Studies have shown that the risk of developing heart arrhythmias, is increased in patients receiving medication for Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and depression. The QT-interval on a electrocardiogram (ECG) is often used to assess the patients risk of developing heart arrhythmias. The QT-interval defines the hearts electrical resting period and a long interval is linked to an increased risk of developing heart arrhythmias. In this project the investigators wish to examine possible side-effects in patients receiving medication for ADHD and depression and their dynamic QT-interval changes, by analysing the ECG changes that occur during "Brisk Standing".
This study evaluates the feasibility and safety of a management approach that incorporates VT-ablation and S-ICD implantation in secondary prevention patients. This is a single arm prospective study with 30 patients eligible for implantation of an ICD for the secondary prevention of sudden cardiac death.
The prevalence of valvular heart disease is on the rise along with the aging society and the generalization of echocardiography. Furthermore, the rheumatic valvular heart disease is much more prevalent in Asia than in Western countries, and the frequency of valve disease is higher in Asia. The effect of an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) in the primary prevention of sudden cardiac death in ischemic cardiomyopathy is well established and has become a standard of care. However, there is limited research on the effect of ICD implantation for primary prevention in patients with heart failure due to valvular heart disease. In a small study, the incidence of fatal cardiac arrhythmia was lower in patients with valvular cardiomyopathy (5%) who received ICD implantation for primary prevention than in those with ischemic cardiomyopathy. But there is also a report that the appropriate ICD treatment is not different from that of ischemic heart disease in valvular heart disease patients. Therefore, it is necessary to study the primary prevention effect of ICD on valvular cardiomyopathy in a larger number of patients. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of ICD on the prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients with heart failure due to valvular heart disease through prospective, multicenter, and observational studies.
The PROTECT-ICD trial is a physician-led, multi-centre randomised controlled trial targeting prevention of sudden cardiac death in patients who have poor cardiac function following a myocardial infarct (MI). The trial aims to assess the role of electrophysiology study (EPS) in guiding implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) implantation, in patients early following MI (first 40 days). The secondary aim is to assess the utility of cardiac MRI (CMR) in analysing cardiac function and viability as well as predicting inducible and spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmia when performed early post MI. Following a MI patients are at high risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). The risk is highest in the first 40 days; however, current guidelines exclude patients from receiving an ICD during this time. This limitation is based largely on a single study, The Defibrillator in Acute Myocardial Infarction Trial (DINAMIT), which failed to demonstrate a benefit of early ICD implantation. However, this study was underpowered and used non-invasive tests to identify patients at high risk. EPS identifies patients with the substrate for re-entrant tachyarrhythmia, and has been found in multiple studies to predict patients at risk of SCD. Contrast-enhanced CMR is a non-invasive test without radiation exposure which can be used to assess left ventricular function. In addition, it provides information on myocardial viability, scar size and tissue heterogeneity. It has an emerging role as a predictor of mortality and spontaneous ventricular arrhythmia in patients with a previous MI. A total of 1,058 patients who are at high risk of SCD based on poor cardiac function (left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) ≤40%) following a ST-elevation or non-STE myocardial infarct will be enrolled in the trial. Patients will be randomised 1:1 to either the intervention or control arm. In the intervention arm all patients undergo early EPS. Patients with a positive study (inducible ventricular tachycardia cycle length ≥200ms) receive an ICD, while patients with a negative study (inducible ventricular fibrillation or no inducible VT) are discharged without an ICD, regardless of the LVEF. In the control arm patients are treated according to standard local practice. This involves early discharge and repeat assessment of cardiac function after 40 days or after 90 days following revascularisation (PCI or CABG). ICD implantation after 40 days according to current guidelines (LVEF≤30%, or ≤35% with New York Heart Association (NYHA) class II/III symptoms) could be considered, if part of local standard practice, however the ICD is not funded by the trial. A proportion of trial patients from both the intervention and control arms at >48 hours following MI will undergo CMR to enable correlation with (1) inducible VT at EPS and (2) SCD and non-fatal arrhythmia on follow up. It will be used to simultaneously assess left ventricular function, ventricular strain, myocardial infarction size, and peri-infarction injury. The size of the infarct core, infarct gray zone (as a measure of tissue heterogeneity) and total infarct size will be quantified for each patient. All patients will be followed for 2 years with a combined primary endpoint of non-fatal arrhythmia and SCD. Non-fatal arrhythmia includes resuscitated cardiac arrest, sustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) and ventricular fibrillation (VF) in participants without an ICD. Secondary endpoints will include all-cause mortality, non-sudden cardiovascular death, non-fatal repeat MI, heart failure and inappropriate ICD denial. Secondary endpoints for CMR correlation will include (1) the presence or absence of inducible VT at EP study, and (2) combined endpoint of appropriate ICD activation or SCD at follow up. It is anticipated that the intervention arm will reduce the primary endpoint as a result of prevention of a) early sudden cardiac deaths/cardiac arrest, and b) sudden cardiac death/cardiac arrest in patients with a LVEF of 31-40%. It is expected that the 2-year primary endpoint rate will be reduced from 6.7% in the control arm to 2.8% in the intervention arm with a relative risk reduction (RRR) of 68%. A two-group chi-squared test with a 0.05 two-sided significance level will have 80% power to detect the difference between a Group 1 proportion of 0.028 experiencing the primary endpoint and a Group 2 proportion of 0.067 experiencing the primary endpoint when the sample size in each group is 470. Assuming 1% crossover and 10% loss to follow up the required sample size is 1,058 (n=529 patients per arm). To test the hypothesis that tissue heterogeneity at CMR predicts both inducible and spontaneous ventricular tachyarrhythmias will require a sample size of 400 patients to undergo CMR. It is anticipated that the use of EPS will select a group of patients who will benefit from an ICD soon after a MI. This has the potential to change clinical guidelines and save a large number of lives.
Serum Troponin levels pre- and postoperatively will be compared in patients receiving an entirely subcutaneous cardioverter-defibrillator.
Design: Prospective, non-randomized single center study at The Ohio State University Wexner Medical Center. Purpose: The purpose of this study is to prospectively evaluate a specific analgesia protocol designed to allow for same day discharge following implantation of the subcutaneous implantable cardiac defibrillator (S-ICD) Enrollment: Up to 40 subjects will be enrolled. Subject Population: Consecutive patients undergoing S-ICD implantation under general anesthesia or monitored anesthesia care. Endpoints: Rate of successful completion of the protocol; Procedural complications; Serial assessment of patient perception of pain.
Sudden cardiac death continues to be a major contributor to mortality in patients with ischemic cardiomyopathy. While implantable defibrillators can prevent death from ventricular arrhythmias, our current approach to identify patients at highest risk primarily rests on demonstrating a reduction in left ventricular ejection fraction less than 35%. The purpose of this observational cohort study is to prospectively test whether this can be enhanced by quantifying the amount of sympathetic denervation, left ventricular end-diastolic volume or brain natriuretic peptide levels.
This study is a prospective, multicenter, cohort study. The study will be completed in three phases. The first phase aims to establish SCD PW marker and PW score scoring system 1. Use big data processing techniques to find out the differences between survivors with ventricular arrhythmias and normal controls. Find out the SCD Pre-warning ECG Marker (PW marker). 2. Establish SCD Pre-warning risk score system according to traditional SCD risk factors, clinical characteristics of patients and abnormal electrocardiogram indicators. 3. According to the established SCD PW marker and PW score scoring system, the original group of patients are classified and scored. After five years of follow-up with sustained ventricular tachycardia or ventricular fibrillation as the primary end point and sudden cardiac death as the secondary endpoint, Kaplan-Meier are used to calculate the mortality rate of sudden cardiac death and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis. The COX proportional hazards regression model is used to further determine and evaluate the SCD predictive value of PW marker and PW score risk factor scoring system. The second phase is to validate the established PW marker and PW score system models and evaluate the SCD predictive value of it. This stage is divided into two parts: 1. Patients enrolled in traditional high-risk ventricular arrhythmia, will be divided into PW marker positive group and PW marker negative group and join in a 5-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier is used to calculate the mortality rate of sudden cardiac death and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis is performed to further verify the early warning effect of PW marker on SCD. 2. Patients will be divide into three groups including the low-risk group, middle-risk group and high-risk group according to the PW score risk factor scoring system and join in a 5-year follow-up. Kaplan-Meier is used to calculate the mortality rate of sudden cardiac death, and Kaplan-Meier survival analysis is used to further verify the early warning effect of PW score scoring system on SCD. The third stage is the development stage of SCD early warning equipment. This stage will conduct clinical translational medical studies of PW marker and PW score based on the previous study and develop PW marker and PW score as portable SCD warning device and/or mobile phone APP which will be applied to the clinic for early warning diagnosis of SCD.
Despite major progress in molecular and phenotypic characterization of primary electrical disorders, many (aborted) sudden cardiac deaths (SCD) occur in young victims without identifiable abnormalities. Investigator recently identified, in 4 families presenting unexplained SCD, a new arrhythmia entity (catecholamine-induced QT prolongation; CIQTP) characterized by normal QT duration at rest but major QT lengthening during mental stress test (MST). Investigators aim to determine the prevalence of this new phenotype in unexplained SCD and identify its underlying pathophysiological mechanism. More specifically, investigators aim to: - determine the prevalence of CIQTP in unexplained SCD and identify new affected families; - identify the role of mental stress in QT prolongation; - identify the genetics basis underlying this life threatening disease; - perform transcriptomic and electrophysiological profiling of induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (iPSC-CM) from CIQTP patients to identify putative biomarkers and pathophysiological mechanisms. MST will be performed, additionally to the conventional screening, in families affected by unexplained SCD or long QT syndrome (LQTS) referred to university hospitals of Nantes, Rennes, Tours and Brest. Relevance of the MST on the different type of LQTS will be evaluated and compared to conventional provocative tests (epinephrine, exercise). Whole-genome sequencing will first be performed in 3 distantly affected relatives within each of the 4 largest families identified. As previously performed in Nantes, analysis of the shared rare variants will allow identifying gene(s) associated with the disease. Transcriptomic (high-throughput 3' Digital Gene Expression mRNA sequencing) and electrophysiological (96-well automated optical recordings of action potentials and patch-clamp recordings of ionic currents, using specific ion channel activators and inhibitors) profiling will be performed on iPSC-CMs from 2 affected and one unaffected first-degree relatives of these 4 large families.